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Flashcards in Thorax slide questions Deck (89):
1

The articular facet of tubercle of Rib 3 articulates with the transverse costal facet of T3: T or F

True

2

The superior articular facet of Rib 3 articulates with the inferior costal facet of T3: T or F

False, the superior articular facet of Rib 3 articulates with the inferior costal facet of T2

3

The inferior articular facet of rib 3 articulates with the superior costal facet of T3: T or F

True

4

Which ribs are considered floating ribs

ribs 11-12

5

Which ribs are considered false ribs

8-12

6

What are the external structures of the breast

Areola and nipple

7

Where can you find areolar glands

areola

8

Where can you find the lactiferous ducts

nipple

9

What are the 5 internal structures of the breast

mammary gland lobules, fat, mammary ducts, lactiferous sinus and lactiferous ducts

10

What are Shingles

varicella zoster, adult chicken pox

11

What are the muscles of inspiration

Diaphragm, levator Costorum, External intercostaland internal intercostal(anterior)

12

What are the muscles of forced expiration

Abdominal muscles, internal intercostals, transverse thoracis and transverse intercostals

13

What are the accessory muscles of inspiration

scalenes, SCM, Serratus anterior and posterior, Traps pec M&m, Lats and subclavius

14

What are the accessory muscle of forced expiration

Lats, Serratus posterior, quadratus lumborum and iliocostalis lumborum

15

Where does the Shingles virus lie dormant

Dorsal root ganglion

16

What is thoracic outlet syndrome

compression of brachial plexus

17

What workers commonly have problems with the thoracic outlet syndrome

construction workers, barbers, press operators andlarge breasted individuals

18

What can be the causes of thoracic outlet syndrome

additional rib, cumulative stress and trauma to anterior scalene

19

What structure seperates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity

diaphragm

20

What can you find in the mediastinum

pericardial cavity

21

Which membrane secretes serous fluid

Pleural Membrane

22

How many pleural membranes are there

2

23

What does the serous fluid do

lubricate membrane surface, allow layers to slide smoothly over each other and reduces friction between the organs and the wall of the cavity

24

What is the pleural cavity filled with

serous fluid

25

Where is the parietal pleura

lines the pulmonary cavity

26

Where is the visceral pleura

lining adherent to the lungs that can not be seperated easily

27

Where is the pleura cavity

potential space between parietal and visceral pleura

28

What is the pulmonary ligament

connects lung to pericardium

29

What forms the pulmonary ligament

connective tissue lining the cage that folds over and forms the ligament

30

What are the four parts of the parietal pleura

Costal pleura, mediastinal pleura, diaphragmatic pleura and cervical pleura

31

Where will you find costal pleura

ribs-on either side

32

Where will you find the mediastinal pleura

anterior and posterior midline

33

Where will you find diaphragmatic pleura

underside of lungs

34

Where will you find cervical pleura

by the first rib close to the cavity

35

What are two recesses

costodiaphragmatic and costomediastinal recess

36

What is the purpose of the costomediastinal recess

allows space for the heart to pump

37

What can you find the costal groove

intercostal VAN

38

How many lobes does the right lung have

3

39

What are the names of the two fissures of the right lung

horizontal fissure and oblique fissure

40

What are two special features of the left lung

cardiac notch and lingula

41

What structures are inside the Hylum

pulmonary artery, pulmonary veins and Bonchus

42

What impressions can you see on a medial view of the right lung

Superior vena cava, trachea and esophagus

43

What impressions can you see on a ledial view of the left lung

subclavian, brachipcephalic and 1st rib

44

Where does parietal layers get their blood supply

intercostal and internal thoracic arteries

45

What is the innervation for the parietal layers

musculophrenic and intercostal nerves

46

Where does the visceral pleura get its blood supply

bronchial arteries(come straight off of the lung)

47

Which bronchus is more straight and wider

the right bronchus

48

Which bronchus is more lateral in its projection

the left

49

What are the subdivisions of the mediastinum

superior and inferior

50

What can you find in the superior mediastinum

superior thoracic opening to plane of ludwig

51

What can you find in the inferior mediastinum

anterior pericardium, heart, phrenic nerve, superior vena cava, esophagus, trachea, thoracic duct, sympathetic trunk, ayzgos and hemiayzgos veins

52

What is the name of the sac that the heart resides in

pericardial sac

53

Which part of the mediastinum can you find the pericardium

middle mediastinum

54

How much of the heart is to the right of midline

1/3

55

How much of the heart is to the left of midline

2/3

56

What part of the heart is considered the base

the posterior part where the veins and arteries come out

57

What part of the heart is considered the apex

inferolateral end, part at cardiac notch and mediastinal recess

58

What are the three surfaces of the heart

sternocostal, diaphragmatic and pulmonary

59

What are the four borders of the heart

right, inferior, left and superior

60

Which surface articulates or interacts with the lungs

pulmonary

61

What is another name for the right atrioventricular valve

tricuspid valve

62

When blood leaves the right ventricle what valve does it go through

pulmonary semilunar valve

63

T or F: the path for deoxygenated blood is as follows: right atrium, bicuspid valve, right ventricle, pulmonary semilunar valve, pulmonary trunk, pulmonary veins

F: right atrium, tricuspid valve, right ventricle, pulmonary semilunar valve, pulmonary trunk, pulmonary arteries

64

What are the two other names for the bicuspid valve

left atrioventricular valve and mitral valve

65

How many pulmonary veins can you find on the heart

4

66

What are the names of the pulmonary veins on the heart

left superior, right superior, left inferior and right inferior

67

Where do the superior and inferior vena cava dump into

right atrium

68

What are the two arteries that come off the aorta to feed the heart

right and left coronary arteries

69

Where does the right marginal artery branch from

right coronary artery

70

What are two important branches of the left coronary artery

circumflex and left anterior descending

71

What does the great cardiac vein turn into

coronary sinus

72

Where will you find the fossa ovalis

right atrium

73

What are the muscles that line the atria

pectinate muscles

74

What are the names of the cusps of tricuspid valve

anterior cusp, septal cusp and posterior cusp

75

What is the name of the muscles that line the ventricles

trabeculae carneae

76

What are chord tendineae

cords between papillary muscles and cusps of tricuspid valve

77

What does the moderator band do

helps with conduction of the ventricular structures

78

What structure funnels the blood from the ventricle up to the pulmonary semilunar valve

conus arteriosus

79

What does the ligamentum arteriosum connect

aorta and left pulmonary artery

80

What is the name of the valve from the left atrium to the left ventricle

bicuspid valve

81

Are there septal papillary muscles in the left ventricle

no

82

What node is responsible for the "lub dub" sound of the heart

SA Node

83

Where does he thoracic aorta begin

T4

84

Where does the thoracic aorta end

T12

85

What does the thoracic aorta travel with

thoracic duct and ayzgos vein

86

does the ayzgos run on the left or right side

right

87

does the hemiayzgos run on the left or right side

left

88

Where does the esophagus begin

C6

89

what level does the esophagus pierce the diaphragm

T10