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Flashcards in Book questions Deck (53):
1

What makes up the axial skeleton?

cranium, vertebral column and thoracic cage

2

With what two bones does the clavicle articulate?

Acromion and manubrium of sternum

3

What is the name of medial coracoclavicular ligament?

Coniod ligament

4

Where does the conoid ligament attach on the clavicle?

coniod process

5

What is the name for lateral portion of the coracoclavicular ligament?

Trapeziod

6

Where does the trapeziod attach on the clavicle?

trapeziod line

7

What is another name for the Lateral border of the scapula?

Axillary border

8

What is another name for the Medial border of the scapula?

Vertebral border

9

Where is a common site of fracture on the humerus?

Surgical neck

10

Name the parts that make up the condyle of the humerus

trochlea, capitulum, and olecranon coronoid and radial fossae

11

Which bone is the longer stabilizing arm of the forearm?

Ulna

12

What is at the elevated sternal ends of the clavicle?

Suprasternal notch(AKA jugular notch)

13

Is the greater or lesser tubercle more lateral?

Greater

14

What is a greenstick fracture?

one side of bone broken the other side bent

15

Which nerve does the surgical head of the humerus have direct contact?

Axillary nerve

16

Which nerve does the radial groove have direct contact?

Radial nerve

17

which nerve does the distal end of humerus have direct contact?

medial nerve

18

Which nerve does the medial epicondyle have direct contact?

Ulnar nerve

19

What happens when a bone is comminuted?

broken into pieces

20

What is the membrane between pectoralis minor and subclavius called?

Costocoracoid membrane

21

A major nerve network formed by the anterior rami of spinal nerves c5-T1 is?

Brachial plexus

22

The cephalic vein travels along which margin of the limb: Cranial or caudal?

Cranial

23

The basilic vein travels along which margin of the limb: cranial of caudal?

caudal

24

T or F: the brachial plexus has posterior, lateral, medial and anterior cords?

False, no anterior cord

25

Where does the medial cutaneous nerve branch from?

Medial cord of brachial plexus

26

Where does the posterior cutaneous nerve branch from?

Radial nerve

27

What four axioappendicular muscles move the pectoral girdle?

pectoralis major, pectoralis minor, subclavius and serratus anterior

28

How many heads does the pec major have and what are they called?

two; sternal head and clavicular head

29

What is the groove name where the cephalic vein runs?

deltopectoral groove

30

What is the name of triangle that is formed superiorly along the clavicle?

clavipectoral triangle

31

What is the boundary for demarcating the root of the neck from the thorax?

Clavicle

32

What happens in Poland Syndrome?

the pec major and pec minor are missing

33

Where does the axillary artery begin?

lateral border of the 1st rib, a continuation of the subclavian artery

34

Where does the axillary artery end?

inferior border of teres major

35

How many parts are there to the axillary artery?

three

36

How many branches off the first part of the axillary artery and what is the name(s) for the branch(es)?

1;superior thoracic artery

37

How many branches off the second part of the axillary artery and what is the name(s) for the branch(es)?

2; thoracoacromial and lateral thoracic arteries

38

How many branches off the third part of the axillary artery and what is the name(s) for the branch(es)?

3; subscapular artery, anterior circumflex humeral and posterior circumflex humeral

39

What two arteries are formed from the subscapular artery?

thoracodorsal artery and circumflex scapular

40

What injury may occur in baseball pitchers due to their forceful and rapid arm movements?

Aneurysm of the axillary

41

What is lymphangitis?

Inflammation of the lymphatic vessels

42

What is Erb-Duchenne palsy?

injuries to the superior parts of the brachial plexus

43

What is pronator Syndrome?

compression of the median nerve near the elbow

44

What are the names of the two ulnar artery branches in the hand?

superficial ulnar arch and deep palmer arch

45

What does the deep palmer arch give rise to?

Palmer metacarpal arteries and princeps pollicis artery

46

What is it called when the a progressive shortening, thickening and fibrosis of the palmer fascia occurs?

Dupuytren Contracture

47

What can be observed with the dupuytren contracture?

partial flexion at the metacarpophalangeal and proximal interphalangeal joints

48

What is affected with handlebar neuropathy?

sensory loss on the medial side of hand and weakness of the intrinsic hand muscles

49

What nerve does handlebar neuropathy affect?

Ulnar nerve

50

What is considered a clinical sgn of radial nerve injury?

wrist drop

51

What is it called if the nerve roots to the brachial plexus are C4-C8(instead of C5-T1)?

Prefixed brachial plexus

52

What is it called if the nerve roots to the brachial plexus are C6-T2?

Postfixed brachial plexus

53

What nerve is vulnerable during surgery on the scapular lymph nodes and a mastectomy?

thoracodorsal nerve