Flashcards in Book questions Deck (53):
What makes up the axial skeleton?
cranium, vertebral column and thoracic cage
With what two bones does the clavicle articulate?
Acromion and manubrium of sternum
What is the name of medial coracoclavicular ligament?
Where does the conoid ligament attach on the clavicle?
What is the name for lateral portion of the coracoclavicular ligament?
Where does the trapeziod attach on the clavicle?
What is another name for the Lateral border of the scapula?
What is another name for the Medial border of the scapula?
Where is a common site of fracture on the humerus?
Name the parts that make up the condyle of the humerus
trochlea, capitulum, and olecranon coronoid and radial fossae
Which bone is the longer stabilizing arm of the forearm?
What is at the elevated sternal ends of the clavicle?
Suprasternal notch(AKA jugular notch)
Is the greater or lesser tubercle more lateral?
What is a greenstick fracture?
one side of bone broken the other side bent
Which nerve does the surgical head of the humerus have direct contact?
Which nerve does the radial groove have direct contact?
which nerve does the distal end of humerus have direct contact?
Which nerve does the medial epicondyle have direct contact?
What happens when a bone is comminuted?
broken into pieces
What is the membrane between pectoralis minor and subclavius called?
A major nerve network formed by the anterior rami of spinal nerves c5-T1 is?
The cephalic vein travels along which margin of the limb: Cranial or caudal?
The basilic vein travels along which margin of the limb: cranial of caudal?
T or F: the brachial plexus has posterior, lateral, medial and anterior cords?
False, no anterior cord
Where does the medial cutaneous nerve branch from?
Medial cord of brachial plexus
Where does the posterior cutaneous nerve branch from?
What four axioappendicular muscles move the pectoral girdle?
pectoralis major, pectoralis minor, subclavius and serratus anterior
How many heads does the pec major have and what are they called?
two; sternal head and clavicular head
What is the groove name where the cephalic vein runs?
What is the name of triangle that is formed superiorly along the clavicle?
What is the boundary for demarcating the root of the neck from the thorax?
What happens in Poland Syndrome?
the pec major and pec minor are missing
Where does the axillary artery begin?
lateral border of the 1st rib, a continuation of the subclavian artery
Where does the axillary artery end?
inferior border of teres major
How many parts are there to the axillary artery?
How many branches off the first part of the axillary artery and what is the name(s) for the branch(es)?
1;superior thoracic artery
How many branches off the second part of the axillary artery and what is the name(s) for the branch(es)?
2; thoracoacromial and lateral thoracic arteries
How many branches off the third part of the axillary artery and what is the name(s) for the branch(es)?
3; subscapular artery, anterior circumflex humeral and posterior circumflex humeral
What two arteries are formed from the subscapular artery?
thoracodorsal artery and circumflex scapular
What injury may occur in baseball pitchers due to their forceful and rapid arm movements?
Aneurysm of the axillary
What is lymphangitis?
Inflammation of the lymphatic vessels
What is Erb-Duchenne palsy?
injuries to the superior parts of the brachial plexus
What is pronator Syndrome?
compression of the median nerve near the elbow
What are the names of the two ulnar artery branches in the hand?
superficial ulnar arch and deep palmer arch
What does the deep palmer arch give rise to?
Palmer metacarpal arteries and princeps pollicis artery
What is it called when the a progressive shortening, thickening and fibrosis of the palmer fascia occurs?
What can be observed with the dupuytren contracture?
partial flexion at the metacarpophalangeal and proximal interphalangeal joints
What is affected with handlebar neuropathy?
sensory loss on the medial side of hand and weakness of the intrinsic hand muscles
What nerve does handlebar neuropathy affect?
What is considered a clinical sgn of radial nerve injury?
What is it called if the nerve roots to the brachial plexus are C4-C8(instead of C5-T1)?
Prefixed brachial plexus
What is it called if the nerve roots to the brachial plexus are C6-T2?
Postfixed brachial plexus