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Flashcards in Head Face and Neck Slide questions Deck (146):
1

What is another name for the ear?

auricular

2

What is the eye called?

Orbital

3

What is nose called?

Nasal

4

What is the cheek called?

Bucccal

5

What is another name for the chin?

Mental

6

What is the posterior neck called?

Nuchal

7

What is the Cranial region made up of?

Frontal, Temporal and occipital

8

What is another name for the eyebrow?

Superciliary arch

9

What is another name for the eyelid?

Palpebra(superior and inferior)

10

What is the area between the nose and upper lip called?

Philtrum

11

What is the outside of the nostril called?

Ala Nasi

12

How many seperate bones make up the skull?

28

13

What are the names of the groups of bones that make up the skull?

Auditory ossicles, Cranium(cranial vault and facial bones), Sutures

14

How many bones make up the auditory ossicles?

6

15

How many bones make up the cranial vault?

8

16

How many bones make up the facial bones?

14

17

How many sutures are there?

4

18

What are the names of the 4 sutures?

Sagittal, coronal, lambdoidal and squamous

19

What are three parts to the hyoid bone?

Greater cornu, lesser cornu and body

20

How does the hyoid bone assist in speech and swallowing?

It provides point of attachment for muscles that elevate and tongue muscles

21

How many cranial nerves are there?

12

22

What are the cranial nerves?

Olfactory, Optic, oculomotor, Trochlear, trigeminal, abducens, facial, vestibulocochlear, glossopharangeal, Vagus, Accessory and Hypoglossal

23

What is the function of Olfactory?

Smell

24

What is the function of Optic?

Vision

25

What is the function of oculomotor?

moves eye up, down, medially, raises upper eyelid, constricts pupil, adjusts the shape of the lens of the eye

26

What is the function of the Trochlear nerve?

Moves eye medially and down

27

What is the function of trigeminal?

chewing and sensations from TMJ and facial sensation

28

What is the function of Abducens?

Abducts eye

29

What is the function of the Facial nerve?

muscles of facial expression, closes eye, tears, salivation and taste

30

What is the function of the vestibulocochlear nerve?

sensation of head position relative to gravity and head movement: hearing

31

What is the function of the glossopharangeal nerve

swallowing, salivation and taste

32

What is the function of the vagus nerve

regulates viscera, swallowing, speech and taste

33

What is the function of the Accessory nerve

Elevate shoulders and turns head

34

What is the function of the Hypoglossal nerve

moves tongue

35

What are the muscles of facial expression?

Frontalis, Obicularis oculi, Nasalis, Obicularis oris, Levator Labii superioris, Platysma, Mentalis, Buccinator, Zygomatic major, Zygomatic minor, Risorius and Depressor anguli oris

36

What nerve innervates the facial expression muscles?

Cranial Nerve VII(AKA Facial nerve)

37

What is the name of the disorder that affects cranial nerve VII?

Bell's Palsy

38

What are the muscles of Mastication

Masseter, Temporalis, Medial and Lateral Pterygoids

39

What nerve innervates the muscles of mastication?

Cranial Nerve V(AKA trigeminal)

40

What Branch of the Trigeminal nerve innervates the muscles of mastication?

V3- also known as Mandibular branch)

41

What are the names of the branches of the Trigeminal nerve?

V1=Opthalamic
V2=Maxillary
V3=Mandibular

42

What gland does the Facial nerve pierce through but DOES NOT innervate?

Parotid Gland

43

What is the largest salivary gland?

Parotid Gland

44

What muscle will the Parotid duct pierce thru?

Buccinator

45

What are the sympathetic fibers of the Parotid gland innervated by?

cervical ganglia

46

What are the parasympathetic fibers innervated by?

Glossoparangeal and Greater auricular(C2,C3)

47

What artery supplies the face( facial and temporals branch from this)

External carotid artery

48

What is the name of the artery that throbs when people get angry?

Superficial Temproal artery

49

What does the carotid body do?

senses changes in blood pH, influences respiration

50

What does the carotid sinus do?

fills with blood and mechanoreceptor detects blood pressure

51

What is the Tarsal Plate?

where the eyelashes begin to emerge

52

What does the punctum do?

pulls tears into the lacrimal canals

53

Where do the canals go?

empty into lacrimal sac

54

Where is the lacrimal gland located?

Superior lateral border of orbit

55

where does the lacrimal duct open into?

nasolacrimal duct

56

why does a person's nose run when they cry

tears are draining into nasolacrimal duct and thinning out mucus

57

What two structures of the eye make up the fibrous tunic

outer sclera and cornea

58

What three eye structures make up the vascular tunic

choroid, iris and ciliary body

59

what makes up the nervous tunic

retina

60

Describe the posterior chamber of the eye

has aqueous humor, also has vitreous body which consist of vitreous humor(majority of cavity is this),

61

Describe the Anterior Chamber of the eye

between the cornea and iris and has aqueous humor

62

What happens when people have blood shot eyes

the choroid layer has become inflammed

63

Where does humor come from

blood

64

What is responsible for filtering blood to make humor

Ciliary body

65

Where is the place of highest focus

Fovae Centralis

66

What is the most highly nervous area of the eye

Retina

67

What are the features of the sclera

white outer layer, maintains shape of eye, provides attachments for muscles that move eye

68

What are features of the cornea

avascular, transparent and permits light to enter eye

69

What is the colored portion of the eye

iris

70

What are features of the ciliary body

secreates aqueous humor and ciliary muscles

71

What are the features of the retina

responds to light, rods and cones are here, macula lutea, fovea centralis, optic disc, blind spot

72

How many eye muscles are there and what are their names

6, superior rectus, inferior rectus, medial rectus, lateral rectus, superior oblique and inferior oblique

73

What is wet MD(macular degeneration)

blood covering macula lutea and fovea centralis

74

What nerve innervates Superior rectus, inferior rectus, medial rectus and inferior oblique

Cranial nerve III

75

What nerve innervates Lateral rectus

cranial nerve VI

76

What nerve innervates Superior oblique

Cranial nerve IV

77

What are the actions of Superior Rectus

elevate, adduct and medially rotate

78

What are the actions of the Inferior Rectus

depresses adducts and medially rotates

79

What are the actions of the Medial rectus

adducts

80

What are actions of inferior oblique

elevates medially rotated eye, abducts and rotates laterally

81

What are the actions of superior oblique

depresses medially rotated eye, abducts and rotates medially

82

What are the actions of lateral rectus

abducts

83

What are the boundaries of the temporal fossa

roof: Temporalis fascia
Anterior: zygomatic process
Floor: pterion(of skull, connection between frontal, parietal, sphenoid and temporal)
Posterior: Supramastoid crest

84

What are the contents of the temporal fossa

temporalis muscle, deep temporal artery, deep temporal nerve, sperficial temporal artery and auriculotemporal nerve

85

What are the boundaries of the infratemporal fossa

Superior: zygomatic process
Lateral: Ramus of mandible
Medial: Pterygoid plate
Posterior: sphenoid bone

86

What are the nerves located in the infratemporal fossa

Mandibular, inferior alveolar, lingual, buccal, chorda tympani nerves and otic ganglion

87

What are the contents of the infratemporal fossa

inferior portion of the temporalis muscle, lateral and medial pterygoid muscles, maxillary artery and nerves

88

What does the Maxillary artery feed

intermediate features of skull, muscles of facial expression and skin in some parts

89

What muscles act on the tempromandibular joint

temporal, masseter, lateral pterygoid, medial pterygoid, suprhyoid and infrahyoid muscles

90

What nerve innervates the lower lip

mandibular

91

what nerve innervates the upper lip

infraorbital

92

How many deciduous teeth are there

20

93

how many permanent teeth

32

94

how many premolars, molars, canaine and inscisors are there?

molars:6
Premolars:4
canaine:2
Inscisors:4

95

What is the blood supply to the upper and lower lips

maxillary artery

96

What are the four tongue muscles?

Genioglossus, hypoglossus, styloglossus and palatoglossus

97

What is the innervation and action of Genioglossus

depress and protrude, CNXII

98

What is the innervation and action of the hypoglossus

depress and retract, CNXII

99

What is the innervation and action of styloglossus

retracts, CNXII

100

What is the innervation and acton of the palatoglossus

Elevates posterior portion, CN X

101

What are Papillae

taste buds

102

What are the four different papillae

vallate,foliate,filiform and fungiform

103

which papillae has no taste but sense where the tongue is in space

filiform

104

which papillae has lots of taste(sweet, sour, savory ect)

fungiform

105

where is the sublingual region located

under tongue

106

How many frenulum's are there in the mouth

3, tongue,upper and lower

107

How many openings are there for salivary ducts

2, sublingual and submandibular

108

What is the deep lingual VAN important for

delivery of medication

109

What are the functions of the nose and nasal cavity

Olfaction, respiration, humidification of air, filtration of dust and reception of secretions

110

What are the external structures of the nose and nasal cavity

septal cartilage, vomer, perpendicular plate of ethmoid and anterior nares

111

Where does nasal muscosa air enter through

chonae(AKA posterior nares)

112

How many nasal chonae are there and what are their names

3, superior middle and inferior

113

Nasal cavity is divided into how many passages

4

114

What are the four nasal passages

superior meatus, middle meatus, inferior meatus and hiatus semilunaris

115

Where does the superior meatus lead

ethmoid sinus

116

Where does the middle meatus lead

frontal sinus

117

Where does the inferior meatus lead

nasolacrimal duct

118

What are the four areas of the anterior triangle of the neck

submental, submandibular, carotid and muscular

119

Where does the hiatus semlunaris lead

ethmoid sinus

120

where are the nasal passages located in relation to the nasal chonae

inbetween

121

What are the 2 areas of the posterior triangle of the neck

occipital and supraclavicular

122

What structure is more commonly called the adam's apple

thyroid cartilage

123

What are the sensory nerves of the cervical plexus

lesser occipital nerve, greater auricular, transverse cervical and supraclavicular

124

What muscles does the ansa cervicalis innervate

infrahyoid muscles

125

What are the motor nerves of the cervical plexus

roots of phrenic nerve, ansa cervicalis, dorsal scapular and long thoracic nerve

126

Where can you find the phrenic nerve

running anterior to the anterior scalene muscle

127

What is the stylohyoid innervated by

cranial nerve VII

128

What is the action and innervation of the mylohyoid muscle

elevate hyoid and cranial nerve V(V3)

129

What is the anterior digastric muscle innervated by

Cranial nerve V-V3

130

What is the posterior digastric innervated by

Cranial nerve VII

131

What is the action of the digastric muscle

opens jaw when temporalis muscle is relaxed

132

In general what is the action of the suprahyoid muscles

elevate

133

In general what is the action of the infrahyoid muscles

depress

134

What is a common anomaly with the anterior scalene and brachial plexus

the brachial plexus will pass through the anterior scalene instead of behind it

135

What can you find in the carotid sheath

common carotid artery, internal jugular vein

136

Which nerve passes posteriorly to the artery and vein in the coratid sheath

vagus nerve

137

Where does the hypoglossal nerve run

under digastric and mylohyoid

138

What does the external jugular vein connect with

subclavian vein

139

What are the branches of the aorta

Brachiocephalic, left subclavian and left common carotid artery

140

What side is the brachiocephalic artery on

Right

141

What does the brachiocephalic branch into

right subclavian and right common carotid artery

142

What are the branches of the subclavian artery

thyrocervical trunk, vertebral,costocervical runk, internal thoracic and dorsal scapular

143

Which branch feeds the thyroid cartilage and cervical region

thyrocervical trunk

144

What two arteries feed the brain

vertebral and common carotid

145

What are the two branches of the common carotid artery

internal and external

146

What are the branches of the external artery

Facial,occipital, maxillary and lingual