Health Belief Model- FINAL Flashcards Preview

HUEC 3116- Community Nutrition > Health Belief Model- FINAL > Flashcards

Flashcards in Health Belief Model- FINAL Deck (17):
1

Health behavior is determined by __ __ or ___ about a ___ and the strategies available to ____ its occurrence.

personal beliefs, perceptions, disease, decrease

2

Theoretical Constructs:

Initially had ___:
-Perceived ___
-Perceived ___
-Perceived ___
-Perceived ___

perceptions
seriousness
susceptibility
benefits
barriers

3

Added later:

-__ to ___
-___ factors (which have been removed as one of the constructs)
-__-__

cues to action
motivating
self-efficacy

4

Marshall Becker:

-Wrote monograph on ___. “The __ __ __ and ___ __ __”

-1980s – Wrote “The ___ __ __: A __ ___”

HBM
Health Belief Model
Personal Health Behavior
Health Belief Model: A Decade Later

5

HBM:

-Displaced by ___ model of __ of ___.

transtheoretical
stages
change

6

Perceived Susceptibility:

-The ___ that people have about their ___ of getting a __or ___.
Ex: The patient believes that there is no way that they will ever develop Type II Diabetes Mellitus no matter what they eat
Or on the flip side: they will get it no matter what they do so why change anything

beliefs, chances, disease, condition

7

Perceived Susceptibility:
How do we change this behavior?

-___ the patient on who gets the disease
-__, __, __, __?
-Help the ___ determine their own __.

Educate
patient
disease
Age, ethnicity, weight, genetics
individual, risks

8

Perceived Severity:

-The person’s ___ on how ___ their ___ may be and the ___ it may lead too.
-They ___ ____
Ex: When a patient says that there is no reason to decrease sodium intake to improve blood pressure because medicine controls it without any other actions.

opinion, severe, condition, consequences
feel fine

9

Perceived Severity: How do we change this behavior?

-___ the ___ on what the ___ ___ are and the ___ that occur if they ___ their ___.

educate, patient, ultimate consequences, benefits, change, behavior

10

Perceived benefits:

The patient’s ___ of what ___ are to come from their ___ and the ___ of taking ___ to ___ ___
Ex: People think that if you’re thin then you are automatically healthy

opinion
benefits
actions
effectiveness
action
reduce risks

11

Perceived Benefits: How do we change this behavior?

-___ to them the ___ ___ to take
*What, where, how, when?
*How will these changes benefit me?

-___ what ___ are expected as the ___ of making these changes

explain, proper actions,
clarify, benefits, outcome,

12

Perceived Barriers:

-What does the individual ____ will make it hard to __ or ___ their __ ___?

EX: If a person finds out they have Gestational diabetes, they may not have insurance to cover their medicine or they may be afraid to give themselves a shot.

think, overcome, change, current behavior

13

Perceived Barriers: How do we change this behavior?

-We need to find out what the person thinks are ___ and ___ them find ways to make them feel like they can ___ them.

EX: If they are afraid of giving themselves a shot, we can show them videos of other people like themselves who were also afraid of giving themselves a shot who have learned how to do it and give themselves shots daily.

barriers, help, overcome

14

Cues to Action:

-Cues to action are ___ that will help the individual begin to ___ their ___ ___.
-They can also be ___ ___ of a __ __ or ____ that ___ people to take action.

strategies, begin to change, current behavior.
physical symptoms, health condition, environmental, motivate

15

Cues to Action:

-We need to ___ the patient with ___ to ___, ___ __ and give them ___.

EX: Can give the patient afraid of shots literature on how to give yourself a shot and information on where to go to learn how to do it

provide, how to information, promote awareness, reminders

16

Self Efficacy:

-A persons ___ in their ___ to ___ something.

-This belief was just added in 1988 to the __ ___ beliefs

-Even if a person thinks a new behavior is useful, if they don’t think they are capable of achieving it, they are not likely to even try

belief, ability, accomplish
4 original

17

Self Efficacy:

-Similar to ___ ____.
EX: The person with diabetes does not think they will be able to learn how to give themselves a shot. We need to send them to the proper place that can provide them training and guidance on how to learn this action.

perceived barriers