Food Insecurity- FINAL Flashcards Preview

HUEC 3116- Community Nutrition > Food Insecurity- FINAL > Flashcards

Flashcards in Food Insecurity- FINAL Deck (28):
1

What is the criteria for a food secure household?

1. All members at all times have enough food for an active, healthy life.
2. Nutritionally adequate and safe foods are readily available.
3. Foods can be acquired in a socially acceptable way.

2

What is a food insecure household (criteria)?

Limited or uncertain ability to acquire or consume an adequate quality or sufficient quantity of food in socially acceptable ways

3

Beginning in ____ the U.S. Census Bureau has conducted an ____ survey of food insecurity of a nationally representative sample of people in the U.S.

1995
annual

4

Food Insecurity Survey
Questions assess:
-___ that the ___ ___ is ___ to __ enough ___.
-___ in the ___ or ___ of ___ eaten by ___ and ___ in the household
-instance of __ __ __ or ___ of reduced food intake for adults and children

anxiety household budget inadequate buy food.
inadequacy, quantity, quality, food, adults, children.
reduced food intake, consequences, adults, children

5

Definition changes in 2006:
-Food Insecurity/Hunger reports no longer used the word “____” but kept various categories of food insecurity. 
-This ___ represent a change in what was measured. 

hunger

didn't

6

What are the ranges of food security?

high food security and marginal food security (food security)
low food security and very low food security (food insecurity)

7

What is the definition of high food security?

no reported indications of food-access problems or limitations.

8

Definition of marginal food security?

one or two reported indications-typically of anxiety over food sufficiently or shortage of food in the house. Little or no indication of changes in diets or food intake.

9

Definition of low food security?

Reports of reduced quality, variability, or desirability of diet. Little or no indication of reduced food intake.

10

Definition of very low food security?

Reports of multiple indications of disrupted eating patterns and reduced food intake.

11

Food Insecurity
-The condition assessed in the ___ ___ ___.
-Represented in the __ ___ __ reports
-A ___ ___ assessment

food security survey
USDA food security
household level

12

Food-insecure households include those with __ food security or ___ ___ food security.

low
very low

13

The prevalence of very low food security declined from ___ to ___, while the prevalence of food insecurity remained essentially ____.

2009
2010
unchanged

14

Food Insecurity in the United States:

-An average of ___ percent (__ ___) of U.S. households were food insecure at some time during 2010.
-___ ___ people in the U.S. lived in food-insecure households

14.5
17.2 million
48.8 million

15

In 2010, ____ children (1.3% of the Nation’s children) lived in households with very low food security.

976,000

16

Nearly ___ ___ households had difficulty at some time getting enough to eat during ___.

18 million
2012

17

10 States with the Highest Food Insecurity in 2010: name 5?

-U.S. Average?

1. Mississippi
2. Texas
3. Arkansas
4. Alabama
5. Georgia

14.6%

18

Some things that can lead to food insecurity? (List 5)

1. Abuse
2. Social Support
3. Food environment
4. Housing status
5. Employment status

19

Potential Consequences of food insecurity? (List 6)

-physical health problems
-poor nutrition status
-functional impairment
-behavioral and emotional problems
-reduced work capacity
-poor academic achievement

20

Where are the food insecure?

-Households in a _____ area (17.0%)
-Those living outside of a ____ area (14.7%)
-Those living in the ___ (16.0%)
-__ (15.1%)
-___ (13.3%)
-___ (12.4%)

metropolitan
metropolitan
South
West
midwest
northeast

21

Substantially Higher Rates of Very Low Food Security:

-Families with children headed by a ___ ___(10.8%)
-_____ households (17.5%)
-_____ households (8.4%)

single woman
Minority
Hispanic

22

Causes of Hunger (LIST)

Poverty
High housing costs
Unemployment
Medical or health costs/problems
Utility costs
Lack of education
Transportation costs
Substance abuse

23

Federal Domestic Nutrition Assistance Programs Today:

-___ domestic food assistance programs
-An estimated __ in ___ Americans participate at some points during a year’s time
-____ of the USDA’s budget goes to fund these programs

15
1 in 4
2/3rds

24

Federal Domestic Nutrition Assistance Programs Today:

-____ __ ___ (__) conducts studies and evaluates programs
-__ and ___ ___ (___) manages the programs

Economic Research Service (ERS)

Food and Nutrition Service (FNS)

25

Nutrition Education Programs:

-At the National and State Level the program is called ___-__
-It is administered by the ___, __ and ___ Service (___)

SNAP-ED
USDA, Food and nutrition service (FNS)

26

Other Nutrition Education and Food/Nutrition-Related Program:

-___ __ and ___ ___ program (EFNEP)

Expanded Food and nutrition education program

27

What are some ways to Enhancing Local Food Access?

-____ ___

-__ to ___ ___

-___ ___ programs

-___ ___

-__ __ programs

Farmer’s Markets

Farm to Cafeteria Initiatives

SNAP Outreach Programs

Community Gardens

Food Recovery Programs

28

What Individuals Can Do?

-___
-Document the ___ of the ___
-Conduct ___
-Share ___ with ___

-volunteer
document, needs, community
-research
-knowledge legislators