Children and Adolescents- FINAL Flashcards Preview

HUEC 3116- Community Nutrition > Children and Adolescents- FINAL > Flashcards

Flashcards in Children and Adolescents- FINAL Deck (24):
1

“Children are __-__of our population and all of our ___”

one-third
future

2

Children are considered to be youth ages __-__ years.
Adolescents are considered to be youth ages __-__ years

1-11 years
12-19

3

What are some new perils for youth? (problems) List 3.

Suicide, Abuse, substance abuse, overweight and obese children

4

Nutrition-Related Problems of Children and Youth:
1. __-___
2. ___-___
3. ___ ___ and ___ __ ___

1. Under-nutrition
2. Over-nutrition
3. Iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia

5

Under-nutrition:

-___ ___ ( 5th percentile length or height-for-age, CDC growth charts)
-___ (< 5th percentile weight-for-length/BMI-for-age)

short stature
underweight

6

Over-nutrition
_____ (≥85th BMI percentile and < 95th BMI percentile)
____ (≥ 95th BMI percentile)

overweight
obesity

7

Adolescent Health:
Goal: Improve the healthy ___, ___, ___, and __-__ of adolescents and young adults

healthy development, health, safety, well-being

8

Early and Middle Childhood:
Goal: Document and track ___-___ measures of __ and ___-___ for early and middle childhood populations over time in the United States.

population-based
health
well-being

9

HP Progress Report:
Moved toward the objective-
-Reduced prevalence of ___ ___
-Increased the proportion of adolescents who participated in daily ___ ___

prevalence growth retardation
physical activity

10

HP Progress Report:
Moved away from the objective:

-__-____ in __-__ yr olds increased
-The proportion of ____ children increased
-The proportion of persons who consumed more than __% of their calories from total fat and ___% from saturated fat increased.

Iron deficiency
3-4
overweight
30%
10%

11

No change between 2000 and 2006:

-__, ___, and ___ ___ consumption
-___ intake

fruit, vegetable, whole grain
calcium

12

___ ___ ___ (___) revised in 2006:

-___ ___ declines as children age

Healthy Eating Index (HEI)
Diet quality

13

Pediatric Nutrition Surveillance Report:

-monitor ___ ___ of __-__ children in federally ___ ___ and __ ___ programs

nutritional status
low-income children
federally maternal, child health

14

Pediatric Nutrition Surveillance 2009 Report Information:

-___ ___
-___ ___ and __ __ __
-___ and ___
-__ ___

short stature
iron deficiency
iron def. anemia
overweight, obesity
TV viewing

15

Undernutrition:

-Associated with ____
In 2009 __ in ___ children lived in poverty
This reflects an increase of __ million since 2000.
-Associated with ___ __ ___
Associated with __ __

poverty
1 in 5
4
low birth weight
short stature

16

Iron Deficiency Anemia:

-Prevalence for all children is ___%

Highest prevalence in children aged __-__ ___ (18.2%)

14.9%
12-17 months

17

Approximately __-___ of U.S. children are considered either overweight or obese.

one-third

18

TV Viewing:

-___%of PedNSS contributors provided data on TV viewing
-___% of children aged __-__ viewed 2 hours or less of television per day (American Academy of Pediatrics recommendations)

44%
77.3%
2-4

19

CDC Website- Family Health:

-Eat a variety of __, ___, and ___ ___ every day.
Limit foods and drinks high in ___, ___, ___, ___, and alcohol.
-Eat a ___ ___ to help keep a healthy weight.

fruits, vegetables, whole grains
calories, sugar, salt, fat, alcohol
balanced diet

20

Domestic Child and Adolescent Nutrition Programs:
-School ____
-School ___
-___ __ ___
-___ __ program for children
-___ __ ___ program for children

lunch
breakfast
after school snack
special milk
summer food service

21

Eligibility for Meals:
-Free meals – Household income below ___% of the poverty level

-Reduced-price meals – 130% to 185% of the poverty level

-Commodities purchased by the NSLP are called “___ ___”

130%
130-185%
"entitlement foods"

22

School Lunch Standards:

-School lunch must meet __rd of the DRI for ___, ___, ___, ___, ___ __, and __ __.

-It may contain no more that ___% of calories from fat and no more than __%of calories from saturated fat.

-Amounts required based upon ___

1/3rd, calories, calcium, iron, vitamin A, vit. C
30%, 10%
age

23

School Breakfast Standards:

-School breakfast must meet ___th of the DRI for calories, protein, calcium, iron, vitamin A, and vitamin C.

-Breakfast can be either __ or ___.

-It must include ___, ___ or ___, and either ___ servings of __, __ ___, or a ___ and a ___.

-No more than ___% of calories from ___ and no more than ___% calories from ___ __.

1/4th
hot, cold
milk, fruit juice, 2, bread, two meats, or a meat and bread.
30% fat, 10% saturated fat.

24

Schools Play Key Roles in Promoting Healthful Behaviors:

More than___% of children and adolescents are enrolled in school
More than ___% of children and adolescents eat at least one meal at school each day
School is a place of ___ with professionally trained teachers and staff

95%
50%
learning