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Flashcards in Health, Human Rights and Intervention Deck (32)
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1

What is the Human Development Index?

life expectancy, mean no. of school years and GDP

2

What is the happy planet index?

combines ecological footprint with life expectancy, not economic

3

What is human capital?

the skills, knowledge and experience possessed by an individual/population viewed in terms of their value

4

Why is education the necessity towards development?

Basic hygenie + healthcare/ Ways to control family size/ 21st century rights and how to be involved in decision making

5

In the Sahel how many children are illiterate?

30 milllion

6

Why are there differences in development in the developing world?

Lack of food, poor sanitation, high infant mortality and lack of clean water

7

How many people don't have enough to eat?

1/9

8

What is the life expectancy in Ethiopia compared to in the UK?

64 compared to 81

9

Why are there differences in development in the developed world?

Differences in lifestyle (e.g. diet)
Differences in deprivation
Cost and effectiveness of healthcare

10

How have the role of IGO's changed?

Was: emphasised on privatisation, deregulation and free trade
Now: more socialist theories, emphasis on environment, health, education and human rights

11

Name 3 examples of the Millennium Development Goals?

eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
reduce child mortality
achieve universal primary education

12

By 2015 what proportion of people in the developing world living on less than $1.25 per day fall by?

14%

13

How many people in 2013 were living on less than $1.25 per day?

836 million

14

How many children received a measles vaccination between 2000 and 2013?

84%, preventing an estimated 15.6 million deaths

15

In 2015 what did primary enrolment reach?

91% but 57 million primary school children are still not attending school and gender balance is still unequal in Africa

16

What are human rights?

moral principles that underlie standards of human behaviour, to which a person is entitled to simply because they are human

17

What are the human rights laws?

Universal Declaration of Human Rights, European Convention of Human Rights, Geneva Convention

18

Describe the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Formed in 1948 in response to the atrocities in Nazi Germany, not legally binding.
+everyone has these rights
- rights can be broken with no consequences

19

Describe European Convention of Human Rights

In response to WW11 and post war spread of communism
+EU have to follow it
- controversial (undermining national sovereignty)
- extremely time consuming

20

Describe the Geneva Convention

Protects people not taking part in conflict during times of armed conflict
+protection against civilians, medical workers, prisoners of war
+peacekeeping
-not all countries agree and will follow

21

What methods are there of geopolitical intervention?

Military aid, development aid, military action, trade embargos

22

How much bilateral aid does the UK provide?

0.7% of gross national income ( around £11.2 billion in 2013)

23

What are the advantages and disadvantages of development aid?

+ transfers skills and expertise
+better than bottom up
- UK donated £86.8 million to Somalia (the most corrupt nation in the world)
-Interest rates cause major debt

24

What are the advantages and disadvantages of military aid?

+syrian refugees accepted from Jordon
+ US renewed a 5 year aid package to Jordon, proving $300 million to military finance
-Aid given of political reasons to gain influence
-Takes a long time for political and cultural change

25

What did the war in Afghanistan result from following 9/11?

Osama Bin Laden killed on 2nd May 2011
Democracy instilled
Improved women rights and schooling

26

What are the advantages and disadvantages of military action?

+reduces terrorist threat
+there have been success in improving human rights
- Guantanamo Bay violates against the Geneva Convention
-human rights record of those intervening is questionable
-costly

27

What are trade embargos?

Foreign policies or laws that ban exports to and imports from a country in protest against actions by that country
Military arms are banned from export when there are concerns regarding human rights

28

What are the advantages and disadvantages of trade embargos?

+regime change
+change attributes
-less money generated for the country
-diplomatic fallout
-rich countries get richer, poor get poorer

29

What percentage of oil has been stolen from the Niger Delta?

20%

30

How much do the Niger Delta loose from the stolen oil?

$20 billion