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Flashcards in Regenerating Places Deck (66)
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1

How are there differences within the UK?

34% of children live below the poverty line in Camden(national poverty line is 21%)
Highest median earnings found in SW London

2

What can unemployment indicate?

Health, life expectancy, and education

3

What are the physical causes of change in an area?

Coastal erosion
Location- impacts trade and development
eg. Bangladesh floods caused $14 million in damage

4

How can the accessibility cause change in an area?

Good transport= more developed and FDI
Rural areas are becoming more urban
eg.HS2 linking major cities such as London, Birmingham and Manchester

5

How can historical development cause change in an area?

The layout in historical cities makes it difficult to expand
Kept in place due to tourism
eg. Totnes, Devon introduced projets to protect it's local history and culture

6

How can the local and national planning cause change in an area?

Desirable and accessible areas will see and increase in house price and congestion
eg. Bicester is branded as a 'Garden city' due to city expansion
eg. HS2 and other transport methods make travelling from rural peripheries to urban cores easier

7

How can places change?

Physical factors, accessibility, historical development and local/national planning

8

By what processes do places change?

Gentrification, multiculturalism, studentification and ageing population

9

How can a place change by gentrification?

Notting Hill consisted of many poorly built terraced housing
-Now dominated by young professionals
-High earning sector jobs (finance)

10

How can a place change by multiculturalism?

Bradford contained mostly white British people
-Now there are more Muslim and Islamic religions
-35% don't have English as their 1st language

11

How can a place change by studentification?

Leeds was home to mainly factory workers
-Now dominated by 31,900 students from Leeds uni

12

How can an ageing population change a place?

Cornwall was mainly primary employment (fishing)
-Now tourism and seasonal workers
-Tourism employs 25% of Cornwalls industry
-Many have retired in Cornwall

13

What makes an area successful?

Low deprivation, inward migration, high property prices, high employment, TNC's and improved infrastructure and living environment

14

What are sink estates?

Housing estates characterised by high levels of economic and social deprivation as well as crime.

15

What are the priorities of sink estates?

Protect and enhance sports facilities
Build high-quality housing
eg. East Middlesborough

16

How many new homes in East Middleborough?

11,500

17

What are commuter villages?

Settlements with a high proportion of people commuting to large settlements

18

What are the priorities of commuter villages?

Encourage a mixture of house sizes and types
Invest in public transport
eg West Berkshire and Yale, Bristol

19

What are gated communities?

Found in urban and rural settlements that are landscape surveillanced to reduce crime

20

What are the priorities of gated communities?

Protect against crime, vandalism and anti-social behavior
High property prices
eg.Hidden Hills, California where property prices start around £3 million

21

By how much did the national election turnout fall by in 1997-2001?

77.7% - 59.4%

22

What is a shared equity loan?

Since 2013 the scheme has made it possible to borrow up to 20% of a newly built houses up to £600,000 from the government.

23

What is shared ownership?

Aka part buy, part rent. Refers to all low cost ownership schemes in England.

24

What is rebranding?

the area is sold and advertised to change the impression of investors

25

What would make regeneration successful socially?

Smaller inequality gap, crime and deprivation reduction and improvements in life expectancy and health

26

What would make regeneration successful economically?

Rise in income, affordable housing and schemes focused to generate jobs.

27

What would make regeneration successful environmental?

Use of brownfield sites, reduction of pollution, more open green space and reduced derelict land

28

How national policy enables trade case study?

Northern powerhouse

29

How many new businesses set up in the Northern powerhouse?

65,000

30

What is the worth of goods exported in the Northern powerhouse?

£60 billion