Heart (Anterior View) Flashcards Preview

Anatomy Exam 1 > Heart (Anterior View) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Heart (Anterior View) Deck (24):
1

Pericardium

Protects the heart
continuous with the diaphragm
Two components: Fibrous pericardium and visceral pericardium
Small amount of pericardial fluid btw layers

2

Fibrous Pericardium

Outer layer
Dense connective tissue

3

Visceral Pericardium

Inner layer
Loose connective tissue,

4

Pericarditis

Inflammation of the pericardium

5

Brachiocephalic Veins

Bring venous blood from upper extremities, head and neck
Merge to form the superior vena cava

6

Superior vena Cava

Bring venous blood from upper extremities, head and neck from the brachiocephalic veins

7

Inferior Vena Cava

Venous blood from the lower extremities, abdomen and chest

8

Right Atrium of the heart

Blood from Superior and Inferior Vena Cava dump into

9

Right Auricle

Ear like appendage of the right atrium

10

Right ventricle

Blood passes from right atrium to here
Contracts to propel blood

11

Pulmonary Trunk

Blood from ventricle is sent through branching to the right and left pulmonary arteries

12

Pulmonary Arteries

Carries deoxygenated blood from the pulmonary trunk into the lungs to be oxygenated

13

Pulmonary Veins

Oxygenated blood is sent from the lungs through into the left atrium

14

Left Artium

Oxygenated blood from the pulmonary veins are sent here

15

Left Ventricle

Blood from left atrium is sent to here, contracts and sends blood to the aorta

16

Ascending Aorta

Blood from left ventricle is sent up this
First branches off this are the right and left coronary arteries

17

Arch of the aorta

Curving to the left
Three branches
Brachiocephalic artery
Left common carotid artery
Left subclavian artery

18

Right and Left coronary Arteries

Supply the myocardium (cardiac Muscle)
Pass btw the atria and ventricles

19

Anterior Interventricular Artery

Left coronary artery produces the anterior interventricular artery found btw the right and left ventricles

20

Brachiocephalic artey

Sends blood to right upper extremity, right side of the head and neck

21

Left common Carotide Artery

Left side of the head and neck

22

Left subclavian artey

Passes under the clavicle to reach the left upper extremity

23

Trachea

Posterior to the aorta
Divides to form the right and left primary bronchi

24

Ligamentum Arteriosum

Connective tissue remnant of the embryonic ductus arteriosus