Lecture 1 (History of Anatomy) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 1 (History of Anatomy) Deck (26):
1

4 Elements

Earth, air, water fire

2

4 conditions of the elements

Hot, cold, wet, dry

3

Dis-ease

Spiritual/ demons posses
Inbalance of the elements

4

4 Body Fluids

Humors
1. Blood: came from the liver
2. Phlegm: Mucus and pus, spit out through coughing
3. Bile (yellow): gall bladder
4. Bile (black): spleen

5

Hippocrates

400 B.C.
First to describe tuberculosis

6

Hippocrates
Categories of disease

Two
Acute: quick and lasted briefly
Chronic:long lasting (weeks, month, years)

7

Dis-ease groups

Sporadic: Only few ppl
Epidemic: many ppl, same problem

8

Hippocrate's terms

Malignant: life threatening, evil and dangerous
Benign: innocent and would not kill you

9

Hippocratic Oath

Called men who wanted to study anatomy
Oath to serve to community
Do no harm
Never perform abortion
Would never hasten Death
Disobey = cannot practice medicine

10

Aristotle

300 B.C.
The heart was the center of the mans soul, intelligence, personality, worth, character
Brain was responsible for cooing the blood
Men had fewer ribs and women had less teeth

11

Aristotle (Artery)

An air to or wind pipe
Vessels contain air not blood

12

Galen

150 A.D.
Father of Anatomy
wrote many volumes of anatomy of animals
Anatomy of animals were reflection of human anatomy
Injury to diff parts of spine = diff types of paralysis
Pulse too quick = dis-ease
His writings did not match human cadavers

13

Michelangelo and Leonardo

Given permission to look at human dissections by the church
Leonardo the first to understand the spine is not straight but had a natural curve

14

Versalius

"Father of modern anatomy"
Studying works of Galen
Went to cemeteries
Went to gallows to get bodies of dead prisoners

15

William Harvey

English physician
First understanding of flow of blood

16

Harvey (Blood flow)

Pattern to blood flow
Understand heart is the pump
Veins and arteries did two diff things
Valves make it flow
Coin the term Circulation

17

John Hunter

Physcian
Wanted to know everything about humans
Commissioned for ppl to bring diff animals back
Built Huntarian Museum (14,000 diff species)
Gave himself gonorrhea
because he believed that syphilis was an advanced form of Goneereha

18

Charles O' Brian

Irish giant
Skeleton stolen by John Hunter

19

Body Snatchers

Physicians would pay to rob graves
Right after a body was burried

20

Robert Knox

Physician
Paid quite a lot

21

Burke and Hare

Hare owned a hotel
Burke and Hare decided to kill patrons of the hotel and sell to Robert Knox

22

Astley Cooper

Physician
First discovered aneurysm
Coopers Ligaments

23

Coopers Ligaments

In the female breast
Change in ligaments = possibly cancer

24

Henry Gray

Grey's Anatomy, 1st edition at 29 yrs old

25

John Grant

died 1973
Wrote method of dissection
Still used

26

Willed Body Program

National U.S. program
Complete short concise will,
when they die a medical school will receive the body
They embalm and preserve