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Flashcards in HELMINTHIC INFESTATIONS Deck (46):
1

Diphyllobothrium latus is what type of tape worm

broad or fish tapeworm

2

80 % of fish tape worms are what

asymptomatic

3

what are two symptoms of the fish tapeworm

megaloblastic anemia and eight loss

4

how is fish tapeworm transmitted to humans

consumption of raw or undercooked freshwater fish

5

how can one kill the fish tape worm

thoroughly cook or freezing will kill tapeworm

6

Echinococcus granulosus is what type of tapeworm

canine tapeworm

7

canin tapeworm travel through body and form what

hydatid cysts

8

Canine tapeworm can form hydrates cysts in any organ but prefers which one

liver

9

how does one get infected with the canine tapeworm

consuming water or food contaminated by dog feces

10

treatment for canine feces is what

remove the cysts surgically

11

Ascariasis is asymptomatic in how many of its cases

almost all

12

Is Ascariasis fatal

it can be

13

The Ascaris Lumbricoides is the pathogen that causes ascariasis and is what

the largest nematode to infect humans

14

Ascariasis is the most common what

nematode infection of humans worldwide

15

how is one infected with ascariasis

eggs are ingested in water or on vegetables

16

Hookworms cause chronic what

anemia, iron and protein deficiencies

17

What is a hallmark sign of hookworms

ground itch at site of larvae penetration

18

Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus are two what

two hookworms that infect humans

19

transmission of hookworms occurs how

when larvae penetrate the skin, usually on the foot

20

Hookworms are the second most common what

nematode to infect humans worldwide

21

what is a prevention tactic when dealing with hookworms

wear shoes in endemic areas

22

Pinworms have what specific symptom

perianal itching

23

how many cases of pinworm are asymptomatic

1/3

24

Enterobinius vermicularis causes what

pinworm

25

what population is the most commonly infected by pinworm

children

26

Female pinworms deposit eggs in the perianal region at night. The eggs spread how

easily on bedding and person to person

27

Enterobius is the most common what

parasitic worm infestation in the US

28

Dracunculiasis is also known as what

Guinea worm disease

29

The worms of Dracunculiasis will do what after a year of infection

the worms forms a blister on the sin, generally on the foot, which will break open

30

Dracunculus medinesis causes what

Dracunculiasis

31

How do humans become infected with dracunculiasis

by drinking unfiltered water containing copepods (small crustaceans) that have been infected with D. medinesis larvae

32

What is the tradition treatment of dracunculiasis

winding the worm out on a stick over a period of weeks

33

Trichinosis is also known as what

trichinellosis

34

mild cases of trichinellosis are symptomatic yes or no

no, asymptomatic

35

trichinosis has a sign of what

muscle pain and weakness

36

trichinella spiralis is the nematode that causes what

trichinellosis

37

how do human become infected with trichinosis

infected by eating undercooked meat containing cysts of T. spirals (esp. pork)

38

what are some ways to prevent the infection of trichinosis

cook meath thoroughly or freeze it

39

Intestinal fluke infection is also known as what

fasciolopsiasis

40

most infection of intestinal flukes are what

asymptomatic

41

fasciolopsis buski is the largest parasitic fluke to infect human and leads to what infections

intestinal fluke infection

42

how does one become infected with intestinal fluke

ingest cyst on raw, edible aquatic plants

43

how can one prevent an intestinal fluke infection

immersing veggies in boiling water

44

Liver fluke worm is also known as

fascioliasis

45

fasciola hepatica and F. gigantica cause what

liver fluke worm

46

how does one become infected with liver fluke worm

ingest water aquatic vegetation (watercress)