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Flashcards in Viral diseases Deck (53):
1

What is the most common symptom of mumps

Parotitis

2

what can males get from the mumps virus

orchitis

3

What is orchitis

inflammation of the testes, may result in sterility

4

what is the pathogen that causes mumps

mumps virus (rubulavirus)

5

umps affects who

unimmunized children ages 2-12

6

how is mumps spread

person to person by respiratory droplets or by fomites contaminated with infected saliva

7

What is the vaccine for mumps

MMR

8

Viral Gastroenteritis is caused by what pathogens

Norovirus, Astrocirus, and Rotavirus

9

how is gastroenteritis is transmitted how

fecal oral route

10

Norovirus cause how much of the viral gastroenteritis cases

90%

11

Norovirus is the #1 cause of what

foodborne illness in the US

12

Norovirus is considered what

an emerging disease

13

Astrovirus causes acute gastroenteritis with diarrhea but no what

vomiting

14

Is Astrovirus more severe or milder than norovirus

milder

15

how is astrovirus transmitted

fecal oral transmission

16

Rotavirus is the most common cause of what

infantile gastroenteritis

17

Rotovirus can cause what in developing countries

cause death

18

How is rotavirus transmitted

fecal oral route

19

is there a vaccine available for the Rotavirus

yes

20

Viral hepatitis has a halmark symptom that is what

jaundice

21

Hepatitis A is caused by what

Hepatitis A virus

22

Hepatitis A can survive where

on various surfaces

23

Hep A virus is resistant to what

common household disinfectants

24

Does infection of Hep A cause chronic liver disease

NO it does not

25

Is there a complete recovery with Hep A

yes most of the time

26

how is Hep A transmitted

fecal oral route

27

patients release the Hep A virus in their feces and are still infective? yes or no

yes they are even without symptoms

28

Is there a Vaccine available for Hep A

yes

29

Hep B is caused by what

the Hep b virus

30

do many individuals show symptoms of Hep B

most are asymptomatic or have mild symptom

31

Can Hep B cause liver damage

Yes severe liver damage

32

Coinfection with what virus can increase risk of permanent liver damage

Hep D

33

Hep B virus has been associated with what

liver cancer

34

how is Hep B transmitted

Spread though infected needles, sexual intercourse, and passage to babies during childbirth

35

is there a vaccine available for Hep B

yes there is

36

Hepatitis C is caused by what virus?

Hepatitis C virus

37

Hepatitis C is a chronic infection with (Many or Few?) symptoms

few

38

Hepatitis C can cause what over time

liver damage and liver failure

39

Hepatitis C is transmitted through what

spread through needles, organ transplants, blood transfusions, and sexual activity

40

is there a treatment or vaccine for hep C

no there is neither

41

Hep D is is caused by what pathogen

Hep D virus

42

what does hep d NEED to be virulent

Hep B virus

43

because hep d required Hep B virus to attach to cells it is known as what?

satellite virus

44

Hep D plays a role in triggering what

liver cancer

45

how is Hep D transmitted

Bodily fluids: sexual activity and contaminated needles

46

is there a vaccine for Hep D?

no there is not

47

Hep E is caused by what pathogen

hep E virus

48

Hepatitis E virus is also known as

enteric hepatitis

49

Hep E is what percent fatal to prego women

20%

50

How is Hep E transmitted

oral fecal route

51

What is the initial diagnosis made by observing Viral Hepatitis

Jaundice** enlarged liver or fluid in the abdomen

52

How can one prevent Viral hepatitis

with good hygiene and protected sex or abstinence

53

What viral hepatitis viruses have vaccines to them

Hep A virus and Hep B virus