STD/STI Flashcards Preview

Micro (FINAL) > STD/STI > Flashcards

Flashcards in STD/STI Deck (76):
1

Where are STD’s common

worldwide

2

Who is at a higher risk for an STD

femal adolescents

3

Presence of lesions from STDs is a risk factor for what

transmission of HIV

4

prevention of an STD includes what

abstinence, mutual monogamy, safe sex practice

5

Gonorrhea is also known as what

the clap

6

Gonorrhea in mails causes what

extremely painful urination and a pus-filled discharge (urethritis)

7

gonorrhea in women cause what

can trigger pelvic inflammatory disease and are often asymptomatic (50-80%)

8

Neisseria gonorrhoeae causes what

gonorrhea

9

gonorrhea is more common in males or females

females

10

where is gonorrhea 19x more prevalent

in blacks

11

because there is no long term immunity with gonorrhea what can happen to an individual

can be infected multiple times

12

Chlamydia in women is often what

asymptomatic

13

with chlamydia male will have a painful urination and pus discharge from penis known as what

non-gonococcal urethritis

14

what is chlamydia is caused by what

chlamydia trachomatis

15

chlamydia in elementary bodies are what

infective form

16

chlamydia in reticulate bodies are what

reproductive form

17

what is the most common REPORTABLE STD in the US

Chlamydia

18

Infection of chlamydia in adolescence increases the risk of what

cervical cancer

19

Lymphogranuloma venerem is a chronic infection of the lymphatic system that causes genital lesions and what in the groin

bubo

20

Lymphogranuloma venerem is an STD caused by a different strain of what

Chlamydia trachomatis

21

Non-gonococcal urethritis is often what in individuals

asymptomatic

22

Non-gonococcal urethritis may cause what

painful urination and pus discharge

23

Ureaplasma urealyticum causes what

Non-gonococcal urethritis

24

Non-gonococcal urethritis infects 70% of

sexually active individuals

25

Syphilis has how many stages

4

26

in the first or primary stage of syphilis what happens

chancre at site of infection

27

in the second or secondary stage of syphilis what happens

widespread rash

28

in the latent or third stage of syphilis what happens

clinically inactive, majority of cases do not advance beyond this point

29

in the final or tertiary stages of syphilis what happens

dementia and GUMMAS

30

Treponema pallidum pallidum causes what

syphilis

31

Syphilis is found where

world wide

32

Syphilis is transmitted how

sexual contact

33

can syphilis be transmitted from mother to child

yes

34

what is the treatment for syphilis

penicillin G used to treat all but tertiary syphilis

35

Chancroid is often what in women

asymptomatic

36

Chancroid will cause what

soft chancres (genital ulcers)

37

how is chancroid transmitted

Sexually

38

haemophilus ducreyi causes what

chancroid

39

Genital herpes is causes by what pathogen

Human Herpesvirus 2 (HHV2) causes most cases

40

The HHV2 virus remains latent where

in the sacral ganglia

41

how is genital herpes transmitted

sexually

42

Genital herpes does what to the risk of HIV infection

it quadruples it

43

How is genital herpes diagnosed

its characteristic lesions

44

can you cure genital herpes

No

45

Genital warts are caused by what

Human papillomavirus

46

what is a hallmark symptom of genital warts

large growth (cauliflower-like) called condylomata acuminata

47

how is genital warts spread

sexual contact

48

how many types of HPV are there

more than 30

49

what is the most common STD in the us

genital warts

50

how is genital warts diagnosed

by the presence of warts

51

AIDS is not a disease but a what

syndrome

52

what are the signs and symptoms of aids

they very

53

what is the pathogen that causes AIDS

the HIV (immunosuppressive retrovirus)

54

AIDS can often lead to what

Candidiasis, PCP, shingles, CMV, Kaposi’s sarcoma, disseminated herpes, Tuberculosis, toxoplasmosis

55

HIV is found where

in blood, semen, saliva, vaginal secretions, and breast milk

56

HIV infected fluid must contact what

a tear or lesion in the skin or mucous membranes

57

infected fluid can also be what into the body

injected into the body

58

HIV+ is the same as having aids t/f

false

59

What is the treatment for AIDS

a cocktail of antiviral drugs

60

Kaposi’s sarcoma is a type of skin cancer with tumors most often appear as what on the skin

bluish-red or purple bumps

61

what does Human herpes virus 8 cause

Kaposi’s sarcoma

62

where is Kaposi’s sarcoma rarely seen

in immunocompetent individuals

63

Disseminated herpes is what

widespread heres

64

Disseminated herpes is caused by what pathogen

HHV 1 and 2

65

Disseminated herpes happens in individuals with what

impaired T-cell immunity

66

Oncogenic retrovirus is caused by what two pathogens

Human T-Lmphotrophic virus 1 & 2

67

HTLV 1 causes what

adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma

68

HTLV 2 causes what

hairy-cell leukemia

69

HTLV 1 & 2 are transmitted via what

sexual intercourse, blood transfusion, and contaminated needles

70

What type of STD is trichomoniasis

a protozoan

71

Trichomoniasis in females give them what

vaginal discharge and vaginal irritation

72

in males Trichomoniasis are typically what

asymptomatic

73

Trichomoniasis is caused by what

trichomonas vaginalis

74

Trichomoniasis is transmitted primarily via

sexual intercourse

75

Trichomoniasis is the most common what STD in women

curable

76

Trichomoniasis increases risk of what

HIV infection