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Flashcards in Lower Respiratory Mycoses Deck (45):
1

Coccidioidomycosis is also known as what

San Joaquin valley fever

2

about 60% of the patients infected with coccidioidomycosis are what

asymptomatic or so few symptoms

3

dissemination of coccidioidomycosis to other sites occurs mostly in what type of individuals

immunocompromised

4

Coccidioidomycosis is caused by what pathogen

coccidioides immitis

5

Coccidioidomycosis is almost exclusively where

southwestern US and northern mexico

6

coccidioidomycosis fungal spores from the soil enter the body how

through inhalation

7

how is coccidioidomycosis is diagnosed by what

the presence of spherules

8

if coccidioidomycosis spreads to the CNS, what happen if left untreated

FATAL

9

Blastomycosis is also known as what

Gilchrist’s disease

10

if symptoms develop in blastomycosis they are often like what

flu like

11

what happens to the blastomycosis in most people

it resolves

12

blastomycosis is caused by what pathogen

Blastomyces dermatitidis

13

Where is blastomycosis an endemic

southeastern US north to canada

14

Blastomycosis will enter the body via

inhalation of dust carrying fungal spores

15

Blastomycosis is considered what due to the incidence of human infection increasing

an emerging disease

16

Paracoccidioidomycosis produces what

chronic inflammatory disease of mucous membranes

17

what sets paracoccidioidomycosis apart from coccidioidomycosis?

ulcerated lesions

18

what is the pathogen that causes paracoccidioidomycosis

paracoccidioides brasilienses

19

paracoccidioidomycosis is transmitted how

inhalation

20

Histoplasmosis is also known as what

ohio river valley disease

21

how many individuals are asymptomatic who are infected with histoplasmosis

95%

22

5% of those cases of histoplasmosis develop what

clinical histoplasmosis

23

what is the pathogen that causes histoplasmosis

histoplasma capsulatum

24

what is the most common fungal pathogen affecting humans ***

histoplasma capsulatum

25

what is the most common fungal pathogen to cause disease ****

Candida

26

the histoplasmosis pathogen is found in what type of environments

soils containing high nitrogen levels, such as droppings of bats and birds

27

how to human get infected with the histoplasmosis virus

inhale airborne spores from the soil

28

when taking an X-ray of an individuals with histoplasmosis what is often seen

granulomas

29

infections in immunocompetent individuals usually what

resolve without treatment

30

Pneumocytis pneumonia (PCP) is usually asymptomatic in what type of individuals

immunocompetent

31

clearance of the PCP fungus leads to what

long lasting immunity

32

Pneumocytis pneumonia is caused by what pathogen

Pneumocystis jirovecii

33

PCP resembles what more than fungi

a protozoa

34

PCP is transmitted how

inhalation of droplets

35

Pneumocystis pneumonia is a common opportunistic fungal infection is who

AIDS infected patients

36

presence of Pneumocystis pneumonia is almost diagnostic for what

AIDS

37

what is the treatment for PCP

anti protozoan drugs

38

Aspergillosis is most commonly causes what

only allergies

39

aspergillosis is caused b fungi in what genus

aspergillus

40

aspergillus occurs from what

inhalation of the fungal spores

41

aspergillus is concidered what

an emerging disease

42

“Killer Mold” is caused by what fungi

Stachybotrys chartarum

43

Stachybotrys became known as

“killer black mold” or “toxic black mold"

44

Killer mold had been concluded to have no what

no causal relationship between mold and infant death

45

Killer mold may increase the risk of adverse reactions in which type of individuals

immunocompromised or allergy-prone individuals