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Flashcards in Hindlimb and Integument Deck (77)
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1

What are the regions of the hindlimb?

Gluteal, Thigh- hip/stilfe, Politeal, Crus- stilfe/tarsus, Pes- metatarsal and digits

2

What are the bones that make up the hindlimb?

Sacrum, pelvis, femur, patella, tibia, fibula, tarsals, metatarsals, phalanges, digits

3

What is ventral refered to as in the hind limb?

Plantar

4

What 4 bones make up the pelvis?

Ishium, acetabulum, ilium, pubis

5

What is the large hole in the pelvis called?

Obturator foramen

6

What is the sacro-iliac joint?

Where the pelvis and vertebrae are fused in a dog 3 sacral vertebrae

7

What do all bones of the pelvis lack?

Medullary cavity

8

Where are the primary centres of ossification the pelvis?

Ilium, ishium, pubis and acetabular

9

Where are the secondary centres of ossification in the pelvis?

Dorsal iliac crest, tuber ischium, ishiatic arch

10

Where are the centres of ossification in the femur?

Head, greater trochanter, body, distal epiphysis

11

What nerve passes through the obturator foramen?

Obturator nerve

12

What ligament fills the acetabular notch?

Transverse ligament

13

Where does the patella sit?

In the trochlear groove

14

Where doe the fabellae sit?

Popliteal fossa

15

What are the nerves for the lumbosacral plexus?

L5, L6, L7, S1, S2

16

What do ventral branches of the spinal nerves supply?

Lumbosacral plexus

17

What 4 peripheral nerves emerge from the spinal nerves?

Gluteals, Obturator, Femoral, Sciatic

18

What can be palpated in a dogs pelvis?

Dorsal iliac crest, tuber sacrale, tuber coxae, tuber ishium

19

Name the abductors of the hindlimb?

Gluteal muscles- superficial, middle, deep

20

What are the origins and insertions of the gluteal muscles?

O- sacrum and gluteal surface
I- Greater trochanter

21

What nerve innervates the gluteal muscles?

Gluteal nerve

22

What are the adductors of the hindlimb?

GAPE, Gracilis, adductor, pectineus, external obturator

23

What are the origin and insertion of the the gracilis?

O- ventral surface of pelvis
I- tibia and calcaneus (common calcanean tendon)

24

What nerve innervates all the hindlimb adductors?

Obturator nerve

25

What is the origin and insertion of the adductor?

O- ventral surface of pelvis
I- medial limb

26

What is the origin and insertion of the pectineus?

O- ventral pelvis
I- femur

27

Name all the limb protractors/ hip flexors

Tensor fascia latte, iliopsoas, sartorious, rectus femoris

28

What is the origin and insertion of the tensor fascia latae?

O- ilium
I- fascia latae

29

What nerve innervates the tensor fascia latae?

Gluteal nerve

30

What is the origin and insertion of the iliopsoas muscle?

O-lumbar vertebrae and ilium
I- lesser trochanter