HM Manual CH. 18 Laboratory Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in HM Manual CH. 18 Laboratory Deck (41):
0

What is the Laboratory Report Display form?

SF-545

1

What are the two principal methods of obtaining blood specimens?

Capillary and Venipuncture

2

Do not leave a tourniquet on for no longer than?

one minute

3

What color top is often used for CBC's?

Lavender

4

What are the four parts of the microscope?

Arm, Stage, Mechanical, Base

5

What are the three different powers of a microscope?

10x low, 40x high, 100x oil immersion

6

What does a CBC consist of?

WBC, WBC diff, RBC, Hematocrit, Hemogloblin

7

What are the normal values for hemoglobin?

Woman 12-16
Men 14-18

8

What are the normal values for hematocrit?

Women 37-47%
Men 42-52%

9

What are the normal values for WBC's in adults?

4,800 - 10,800

10

What are five types of WBC's?

Neutrophil
Basophil
Lymphocyte
Eosinophils
Monocytes

11

What are four growth requirements for bacteria?

Moisture
Oxygen
Nutrition
Temperature

12

What destroys parasites?

Eosinophils

13

A rise in basophils is associated with what?

Inflammation

14

Lymphocytes are produced when?

Viral infection is present.

15

What do monocytes do?

controls microbial and fungal infection and removes damaged cells.

16

Name some common gram positive cocci:

Streptococcus pneumoniae - pneumonia
Streptococcus pyogenes - strep throat
Staphylococcus aureus - boils, furnicles, oseomyeltis, endocarditis, impetigo

17

Name some gram-negative cocci:

Neisseria gonorrhoeae - gonorrhea
Neisseria meningitis - meningitis

18

List some common gram-positive bacilli:

Diphtheria
Clostridium - gas gangrene
Tetanus
Botulism

19

Name some gram-negative bacilli:

yersinia pestis -bubonic plague
brucella abortus - brucellosis
bordetella pertussis - whooping cough

20

What test is used to detect syphlis?

RPR test (usually takes 1-4 weeks)

21

RPR test is reported as?

Reactive or non-reactive

22

What test is designed to detect mononucleosis?

monospot test

23

How is mononucleosis reported?

Positive or Negative

24

What is the frequently used method in detecting fungi?

KOH prep - potassium hydroxide

25

Urine specimens from females are usually contaminated with?

Albumin(protein)
Blood(menstrual discharge)

26

What is the normal daily urine volume for adults?

600-2000ml
avg about 1500ml

27

What color does gram-positive cells turn?

violet(purple)

28

What color does gram-negative cells turn?

pink

29

What shape are coccus?

Spherical
-appears singly, pairs, chains, clusters or packets

30

What shape are bacillus?

Rods
-appear singly, chains, railroad tracks, school fish

31

What are spirochetes shaped like?

Helical, spiral corkscrew
-appears singly

32

What color is urine with the presence of blood?

red or red brown

33

Yellow or brown colored urine usually indicates what?

presence of bile

34

Olive green to brown-black urine indicates what?

phenols

35

Dark orange urine is caused by what?

pyridium

36

What is the specific gravity of urine?

1.015 - 1.030

37

High fluid intake reduces specific gravity to what?

1.010

38

The presence of disease may cause specific gravity to be in what ranges?

1.001 - 1.060

39

What shape are casts and how are they formed?

Cylindrical
formed by coagulation of albuminous material

40

What does each WBC present indicates?
Neutrophils
Basophils
Lymphocytes
Eosinophils
Monocytes

Bacterial
Inflammatory
Viral
Parasite
Microbial and Fungal