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Flashcards in Holy Spirit Week 1 Deck (48):
1

whats the difference between ST 1, 2, & 3?

ST1 : God the Father
ST2: God the Son
ST3: God the Holy Spirit

2

Why is the doctrine of the Holy Spirit important?

- personal importance in his on life
1. the Holy Spirit become the *prominent* member of the Trinity in the NT as He is the Presence of the triune God in Christians and in the church
2. Acts 2:17=18 Peter quoted the prophesy of Joel.. “in the last days” - the Holy Spirit will be poured out on all flesh
3. confusion of the Holy Spirit (Holy Spirit with pentecostal or carasmatic
4. Proper understanding of the Holy Spirit is crucial/critical for many things:
-salvation, grasp of assurance of salvation, perseverance (remain a Christian throughout our lives), sanctification (cannot mature in the Christian life apart from the sanctifying work of the Holy Spirit), understanding Scripture, praying (Romans 8), understanding God’s will, exercising our spiritual gifts


3

Proper understanding of the Holy Spirit is crucial/critical for many things:

-salvation
-grasp of assurance of salvation
-perseverance (remain a Christian throughout our lives)
-sanctification (cannot mature in the Christian life apart from the sanctifying work of the Holy Spirit)
-understanding Scripture, praying (Romans 8)
-understanding God’s will
-exercising our spiritual gifts

4

divisions within evangelicalism

*Pentecostals/charismatics: first wave movement
(3 points)

1. Believe that baptism by/with the Holy Spirit is a second blessing
-takes place subsequent to one’s conversion
-hears the gospel -> repent and believe -> at some point after this the Holy Spirit
2. Speaking in tongues in the necessary manifestation of the second blessing.
-when H.S. enters you (baptizes) you will begin speaking in tongues (language you have never studied or heard before)
3. All the spiritual signs/gifts continue to be given by the H.S. today and should be common place in the church
-ex. prohpesy, speaking in tongues, interpretation of tongues, word of knowledge, word of wisdom, healings, and miracles… exercises

5

first wave movement
-Gave birth to new churches/ denominations - arrive from this theology
-.....?
-(1960s) the above (first wave) infiltrates all kinds of churches, ..........?
-started at: Aunt arbor, Michigan -Sount Bent Indiana, Ducaine, Iowa
-experience of the Holy Spirit. - (first wave) influence baptists, presbyterians, methodists, anglicans (they embraced this ......?)

Assembly of God

main line denominations

pentecostal theology

6

divisions within evangelicalism

*non-Pentecostals/charismatics: at the time of of a person conversion God baptizes that new believer with the H.S. (at the same time that he regenerates (not subsequent), justifies, adopts, unifies us with Christ, converts us

1. no subsequent baptism of the Holy Spirit, but simultaneous with these other mighty acts of God
2. Speaking in Tongues - does not necessarily result in speaking in tongues
-speaking in tongues is the at best the result of peer pressure or demonic activity
3. No miraculous sign gifts being assigned to the church today.
-does not mean that God cannot do miraculous activity (not through people who are gifted with these gifts)
-none of these gifts are being distributed by the Holy Spirit in the church today
-these gifts were reserved to the early church: bore testimony to the gospel, gospel messengers

7

*third wave evangelicals (1980s John Wember, Wayne Grudem, Sam Storms) .......?
-they believe that at the moment of conversion: ......?
-this experience is not necessary accompanied with speaking in tongues
-sign gifts ...?

-embrace some of the theology of pentecostalism and reject others; take some of non-Pentecostals/charismatics

-baptism with or in the Holy Spirit takes places at conversion

-continue to be distributed today; should be common place within the church

8

lecture 2... The Holy Spirit is a ______ ______.
_______ & _______ of the Holy Spirit

divine person.

Personality & Deity

9

the personality of the Holy Spirit
What are the difficulties involved with the Holy Spirit?

1. KJV - calls the third person of the Trinity - the Holy Ghost- not helpful because we think of casper; don’t use this expression
-ghost is frightfully close to spook (Karl Bart) not good for you or your congregation - do not use this expression

2. Holy Spirit identified as *power* - becomes some kind of *impersonal force* (the strength behind the Christians, the energy to dispense to others. he manifests himself in very powerful visible ways.. these do not help us see that the Holy Spirit is a perosn)

3. the biblical speaking of the Holy Spirit is *less frequent* than God the Son and God the Father
-easy to grasp the nature of Father and Son, harder to grasp the nature of the Holy Spirit

10

the affirmation of Scripture of the Holy Spirit
Matt. 28:18-20; 2 Cor. 13:14; 1 Cor. 12:4-6; Eph. 4:4-6; 1 Peter 1:2; 2 Cor. 1:21-22
coordinate relationship with the Father and the Son -

Father is a Person
Son is a Person
Implications…
The Holy Spirit is a Person

11

Acts 15:28 - the Jerusalem Council -... explain?

seems good to the Holy Spirit and to us - it seemed good to the Holy Spirit and to us - a coordinate working with the HS with human beings. We are persons.. implications the HS is a person as well

12

Holy Spirit personal characteristics (1 Cor. 2:10-11; Eph. 4:30; 1 Cor. 12:11)
name first three

1. Intelligence - char. of a person (omni-intelligence) 1 Cor 2:10-11

2. Emotions (Eph 4:30- we can upset the Holy Spirit by our sin)

3. Has a will - Gifts have been given to you by the Holy Spirit - wills to give you theses spiritual gifts

13

Holy Spirit personal characteristics (1 Cor. 2:10-11; Eph. 4:30; 1 Cor. 12:11)
name next three

4. Engages in personal activities (activities of a person - he speaks.. power/force doesn't speak… a Person speak… a Person prays

5. Teaches

6. Bears witness
(activities of a personal being)

14

Holy Spirit personal characteristics (1 Cor. 2:10-11; Eph. 4:30; 1 Cor. 12:11)
name last three
+ his.....

7. Another Comforter - Jesus describes the HS as this.. Jesus is the first Comforter (John 14:16, 26)

8. Spirit is sent in the place of the Person Jesus - if Jesus is a person

9. Luke 4 Acts 10:38 - Holy Spirit is powerful and empowers people and is distinguished from his power

+...his personal activities (Acts 8:29; Rom. 8:26-27; John 14:26; John 15:26; Romans 8:16)
John 14:16, 26; 15:26; 16:13-14
Luke 4:14; Acts 10:38; Romans 15:13; 1 Cor. 2:4

15

All the spiritual signs/gifts continue to be given by the H.S. today and should be common place in the church
*what are these?

prohpesy, speaking in tongues, interpretation of tongues, word of knowledge, word of wisdom, healings, and miracles… exercises

16

the Holy Spirit is not ....?
the Holy Spirit is .....?

a power, force, or ghost
a Person

17

the deity of the Holy Spirit

the affirmation of Scripture (Acts 5:3-4, 9; cf. 1 Cor. 3:16-17)
-Acts 5:3-4, 9: Ananias & Sapphira?

Psalm 51:11 ?

sell a plot of land and take part of the proceeds to the prophets; make it seem like what they gave to the prophets was the entire sell; Peter asks them Why have you lied to the Holy Spirit - you have not lied to men, but to God - why have you put to test the Spirit of God; referring to God himself (Acts 7:51 Stephen to a hostile audience-you always resist the Holy Spirit - speaking about God in the OT. You always resist the Holy Spirit… this God is the same God as in the old covenant is what he is saying

...... do not cast me away from your presence o Lord - presence= God
do not take your Holy Spirit from me - affirming that God himself is the Holy Spirit

18

the Holy Spirit exhibits divine attributes
what are 5?

1. Omnipresent
Psalm 139:7-10 - Holy Spirit is omnipresent - wherever we go the Holy Spirit is there

2. Omniscient
Isaiah 40:13-14; 1 Corinthians 2:10-11 - Holy Spirit is omniscient - he knows all things.

3. knows all future events
John 16:13 - Holy Spirit knows all future events.

4. Omnipotent
Luke 1:35 - Holy Spirit is omnipotent (all powerful) impossible is nothing with the Holy Spirit - so powerful that he can bring about the incarnation of Jesus Christ in a virgin girl

5. Eternal
Hebrews 9:14 - Holy Spirit is eternal. - Eternal Spirit? possibly eternal spirit of Jesus himself

19

the Holy Spirit performs divine works

Genesis 1:2; Job 26:13; 33:4; Psalm 104:27-30 - emphasize that the Holy Spirit was engaged at .........?

gen 1:2 - Holy Spirit hovering like a dove (_______ & ______ the watery chaos for the future work of God - he will fashion it to a place that is hospitable for us to live

John 3:5-6; Titus 3:5 Holy Spirit regenerates - rips out the old identity/nature and rips out the new identity/nature - only .....?

2 Peter 1:19-21 - moving Biblical authors to guide them to write the Scriptures, not overwriting their personalities and grammar abilities, but he is .....?

Romans 8:11 - Holy Spirit will give us ....?

-creation and currently working to sustain everything in existence

-protecting and readying

-God can do that

-guiding them

-our new resurrected bodies

20

Holy Spirit... ______ ____ is paid to him

Examples?

divine honor

-Matthew 28:18-20 in baptism
-2 Corinthians 13:14 - aupostolic benediction by the Father, Son and Holy Spirit

21

conclusions
The Holy Spirit is a ......?
-with .......?
-He is not a ....?
-we reject Rodney Howard Brown (Holy Spirit bartender ) would dispense -the Holy Spirit by throwing it

divine person and should be treated accordingly.

reference, honor, obedience, faithfulness, worship

force or an energy

22

the relationship of the Holy Spirit to the other members of the Trinity

his nature:

homoousios

23

homoousios mean?

nature..

same nature, essence, substance as the Father and the Son
-no difference between their divine nature/attributes (all powerful, every where present, loving
-yet they are distinct persons - Holy Spirit eternally proceeds from the Father and the Son

24

homoousios: we hold to the Nicean Creed - we affirm we believe in the Holy Spirit who proceeds from the Father and the Son
-what does this not mean?
-he is ....?

-this does not mean that the Holy Spirit was created by the Father or Son
-this does not mean that the Holy Spirit received His divine nature from the Father or Son

-autotheos - fully and eternally divine

25

Eternal procession w Holy Spirit?

Eternal procession - he is the Spirit in respect to His person
-Father and Son eternally grant his person of the Holy Spirit (not his deity)

26

-John 14:26 -

-John 15:26 -

-John 16:7 -

-John 20:22 -
-Father sends in the name of Jesus. Son sends Holy Spirit.
Romans 8:9 - Spirit of God; Spirit of Christ

Father sends the Holy Spirit in the name of Jesus

Jesus sends the Holy Spirit through the Father; The Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father *not the Father alone

Jesus sends the Holy Spirit

Jesus breathes the Holy Spirit.

27

-John 14:26 -
-John 15:26 -
-John 16:7 -
-John 20:22
if these passages refer to the passage referring to the ascending of the Holy Spirit (day of Pentecost, Acts 2)- why do the Father and Son grant this? Why do the Father and Son get to send the Holy Spirit? because .................................? they have eternally been granting him his life (his person of the Holy Spirit) - when they say go launch the church and command and supervise the Holy Spirit because he Holy Spirit eternally proceeds from the Father and the Son;

the Holy Spirit eternally proceeds from the Father and the Son;

28

Holy Spirit procession
-divine person - deserve .......
-HS - is homoousios - .....? as the Father and the Son - nature of Father and Son - is the same as HS
-different because…. ?
-doesn’t mean that the HS derives his deity from the Father and the Son
-doesn’t mean the HS ...?
-they grant him ...?
-HS hovering over the water - part of creation and (protecting and preparing creation readying it for God’s future work)
-protected the people of Egypt - hovering over them - forming

reference, obedience, praise

same nature

HS proceeds from both the Father and Son

was created by the Father and Son
his person

29

lecture 4
the Nicene-Constantinople Creed (381), with the addition of the word “Filioque” by the Synod of Toledo (Spain, 589), affirms: Credimus in Spiritum Sanctum qui a Patre Filioque procedit (“We believe in the Holy Spirit who proceeds from the Father and the Son”)
-the Holy Spirit is ________ = God of himself (all three person share in the one identical and undivided being of God; all three persons are fully and eternally divine)

autotheos

30

-the Holy Spirit relates to the Father and the Son as one who ???; thus, an eternal characteristic of the Holy Spirit in relationship to these two is procession; the eternal procession of the Holy Spirit means he is the Spirit in respect to person; his _____ is _____ by both Father and Son

proceeds from both of them

person

spirated

31

the Holy Spirit in the old covenant

1. his work of creation and preservation
2. his endowments of humanity
3. his work in relation to redemption

32

the Holy Spirit in the old covenant

1. his work of creation and preservation
scripture?

-Genesis 1:2- creative agent of God
-Job 26:13; 33:4 - carries out the exodus; hovering over them - similar he is present in creation - hovering over the watery chaos -
-Isaiah 63:7-14 protecting and preparing this world - forming this substance into a place which you and I can live
-Psalm 104:27-30

33

the Holy Spirit in the old covenant

2. his endowments of humanity

-Job 32:8 Hs grants understanding/knowledge
-Genesis 41:38-39 HS gives wisdom and discernment *we see this with Joseph
-Exodus 28:3; Exodus 31:3-5 and 35:30-35 - HS gives skillfulness for tasks / craftsmen - in relation to the tabernacle (Bezellel - God filled with the HS) - gave ability, knowledge, craftiness, skillfulness, wisdom;

34

the Holy Spirit in the old covenant

3. his work in relation to redemption

general statement?

who?

general statement: work of the HS in the OC was especially directed at a select group of leaders in Israel
-does not mean that the HS was inactive in the lives of other people

Judges, Kings, Prophets

35

the Holy Spirit in the old covenant

3. his work in relation to redemption

explain judges

Judges: the Holy Spirit stirred up judges and empowered them to deliver Israel form its impressers (Authenel Gidion, Jeptha)
Judges 3:10-11; 6:34; 11:29-33 - sinfulness happening, foreign troops come and defeat Israel (put into enslavement) judges deliver Israel from its enemies.. at a peace for a time until it falls into horrible sin and gets taken over again and then HS rises up judges who deliver Israel from its impressers again

36

the Holy Spirit in the old covenant

3. his work in relation to redemption

explain Kings

Kings: the Holy Spirit came upon Kings and equipped them to rule
-the HS could and did indeed withdraw his presence because of horrific sin
-1 Samuel 16:13 - Samuel annoitned David with oil - HS rushed upon David from that day forth and equipped him to rule
-1 Samuel 16:14 (Psalm 51:11) - HS left Saul - withdraws from Saul because of his haenus sin
-Isaiah 51:11 - do not cast your HS from me; he remembers the demise of Saul; David has committed haenus crimes and doesn't want that to happen to him

37

the Holy Spirit in the old covenant

3. his work in relation to redemption

explain Prophets

Prophets: the Holy Spirit spoke by the mouths of the prophets - telling the future, convicting people of their sin, professing of the Messiah - would announce what they heard from God and some would write them down
David, Ezekiel, Micah - prophets the HS would talk to
-2 Sam. 23:1-2; Ezek. 2:2; 8:3; Micah 3:8
-2 Peter 1:19-21; cf. 2 Timothy 3:16-17 - we see this here - emphasis of the old testament teaching the HS work was directed primarily to judges, kings, and prophets
-we are not saying that the HS was not active in the lives of others

38

the Holy Spirit in the old covenant

the expectation? -

The Old covenant anticipated the New covenant that the Holy Spirit would be poured out on all people in a new, fresh way

39

the Holy Spirit in the old covenant

the expectation? -
3 scriptures to go w this

-Jeremiah 31:31-34 - being done away with the old covenant and a new covenant was coming - that God would place his law on the hearts of his people - the people of God would know him personally

-Ezekiel 36:25-27 - promise of the HS - God sprinkling his people to cleanse them from sin; God would put the HS within his people; bc of this it would cause the people of God to obey him

-Joel 2:28-32 - in the last day - the HS would come upon all people - young and old, men and women, slave and free - poured upon all people
-the old covenant would ultimately fell because of the people -
-God would now relate to his people through a new covenant - that is spoken of in these verses

40

the Holy Spirit in the new covenant
first deal here...

John the Baptist and the Holy Spirit (Luke 3:15-17) John the Baptist is preparing the way for Jesus - he says i am not the messiah — baptize you with water He will baptize you (he is mightier than I ) and he will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire - fresh new out pouring of the HS

41

the Holy Spirit in the new covenant
second deal here...

*Jesus and the Holy Spirit
incarnation of the Son of God was a miracle brought about by the Holy Spirit
eternally existing Son of God becomes the God man and takes on the fullness of human nature - conceived in thumb of a 13/14 year old virgin girl.. he is born.. miraculous process -
Luke 1:35; Matt. 1:18-20

42

the Holy Spirit in the new covenant

Jesus and the Holy Spirit

second point w this

ministry of Jesus Christ was empowered by the Holy Spirit

43

ministry of Jesus Christ was empowered by the Holy Spirit

A. see this with Jesus’

*baptism (brought the coming of the Holy Spirit upon Jesus, anointing Jesus for his messianic ministry
1. Son being baptism
2. Father speaking words of affirmation - this is my beloved Son of whom I am well please
3. Holy Spirit is anointing Jesus
4. Matt. 3:13-17; Mark 1:9-11; Luke 3:21-22; John 1:29-34

44

ministry of Jesus Christ was empowered by the Holy Spirit

B. continues with Jesus'

*temptations
1. Holy Spirit lead Jesus into the wilderness to be tempted by Satan
2. HS drove/compelled Jesus to go into the wilderness to be temped by Satan

45

ministry of Jesus Christ was empowered by the Holy Spirit

B. continues with Jesus' temptations...

2. HS drove/compelled Jesus to go into the wilderness to be temped by Satan
Why would the Holy Spirit do this?

1. to ready Jesus, to prepare Jesus for the progressively worse temptations (trials, persecutions, misunderstandings, criticisms, stronger difficulties, suffering)
2. Tempted by Satan and to defeat Satan
3. the temptations of Jesus are NOT confined to the temptations in the wilderness
GUESSEMANE - in the garden when Jesus says not ur will but my will.. how was Jesus ready for this?
the HS prepared him for this his entire life
*** Matt. 4:1-11; Mark 1:12-13; Luke 4:1-13

46

ministry of Jesus Christ was empowered by the Holy Spirit


C. the power of the Holy Spirit in the ministry of Jesus

throughout his entire ministry Jesus was empower by _ ____ _____ - when Jesus discipled the 12, when he preached the goodness of the Kingdom of God, when he taught the sermon on the mount, when he taught the parables, when he confronted his credits and enemies, when he exercised demons, Jesus did all of this in the power of the HS

* Scripture?

the Holy Spirit

-Luke 4:14-21 - Jesus in the synagogue reads from Isaiah 61 - the Spirit of the Lord is upon me because he has anointed me

-Matt. 12:22-29 - Jesus says it is by the Spirit of God that I cast out demons - the kingdom of God has come upon him

Jesus is empowered by the HS

47

ministry of Jesus Christ was empowered by the Holy Spirit

D. anticipation/ expectation Jesus continues and heightens the Old covenant of the New fresh out pouring of the Holy Spirit

scripture?

-John 7:37-39 - at the great day of the last feast - rivers of living water will flow out of the hearts of believers (Jesus’ followers) John explains that Jesus is talking about the Holy Spirit - the HS would be present and operating powerfully

-John 14:17 Jesus promises to send the Holy Spirit to them - in them; you know the HS; he is in you; Jesus looks to a more intimate relationship even - he is near you now, he will be in you later

-Luke 24:44-49; Acts 1:4-5 - Jesus commands his disciples to stay in Jerusalem after his resurrection to wait in the city for the promise from his Father; the Holy Spirit - wait in Jerusalem until they receive the gift - and this will take not many days from now- Jesus continues and highness this new fresh out pouring of the HS - he says it is just about to happen -

48

the Holy Spirit in the new covenant
1. John the Baptist and the Holy Spirit
2. Jesus and the Holy Spirit
-incarnation of the Son of God was a miracle brought about by the Holy Spirit
-ministry of Jesus Christ was empowered by the Holy Spirit



a. see this with Jesus’ baptism (brought the coming of the Holy Spirit upon Jesus, anointing Jesus for his messianic ministry

b. continues with Jesus’ temptations

c. the power of the Holy Spirit in the ministry of Jesus

d. anticipation/ expectation Jesus continues and heightens the Old covenant of the New fresh out pouring of the Holy Spirit