Horses in last 100 years Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Horses in last 100 years Deck (21):
1

Roles

sport, breeding, recreation, racing, working, meat produciton, pregnant mare urine industry, therapy, entertainment, and feral

2

sports:

dressage/para-dressage, driving, endurance, eventing, jumper, reining, vaulting

3

dressage

-art of dancing on horseback
-designed to improve horse's balance, flexibility, and communication with rider
-highest level is Grand Prix

4

Driving

one of oldest sports
-drive carriage drawn by 1, 2,3,or 4 horses

5

endurance

began in US in 50s
-long distance (160km) against the clock
-course divided into phases
-compulsory halts for vet inspection, which is considered in points/placement
-arabians dominate

6

eventing

-military origins
-equestrian triathlon (cross-country, jumping, dressage)
-6,500m at an average speed of 570,/minute

7

jumping

10-13 obstacles
-1m 60 cm jumps
-faults for time penalties and knock-downs or refusals

8

vaulting

military training in ancient greece and rome
-dynamic and static gymnastic elements combined and performed on cantering horse
-horse guided on long rein by a lounger, 15 m circle

9

reining

"ranch" horses
-recognized as sport in 1949
-complete one of 10 patterns: fast and slow cantering on circles, lead changes, roll-backs, spins, sliding stops

10

racing

flat, steeplechase, harness
-5-12 furlongs (1/8th of a mile

11

recreation

-casual riding

12

working

pull farming equipment

13

meat production

italians prefer cut for veronese stew from rump
-japanese eat horse sashimi on rice or ice
-zhal=smoked dried fat from mane, kazakhstan delicacy

14

meat production exports

canada: 4 federally registered horse slaughter plants in alberta and quebec
-85% of canada's horse meat exported (switz, japan, france, belgium, and kazakhstan)
-500 people employed
2011- 12,6500 horses (43000 imported from US)
4,500,000 horses produced worldwide

15

pregnant mare urine industry

NA equine ranching info council
-estrogens extracted from pregnant mares' urine to produce hormone therapies for menopausal women
-contracted by Pfizer
2000 broodmares

16

therapy

horses to help promote physical, occupational, and emotional growth

17

entertainment

ie. cavalia odysseo, horse acrobatic shows

18

majority of horses in canada

in alberta at 33%, ontario second at 22%

19

% use of horses in canada in 2010

23-too young for use
18-work
18-pleasure riding
17-breeding stock

20

economics

29 billion invested in canadian horse industry (including related equipement)
-contributes >19 billion dollars annually to canadian economy
-154,000 jobs in canada horse related
-costs have increased 70% since 2003

21

BC 2009 stats

100,000 horses
-14,000 farms
45% recreation, 24% sport, 16% work/guide, 15% race
740$ million
4th largest agriculture commodity