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Flashcards in ICM - Data stuff! Deck (158)
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1

What are the four cardiac arrest rhythms?

• Ventricular Fibrillation

•  Pulseless ventricular Tachycardia

• Asystole

• Pulseless Electrical Activity

2

What are the two shockable Cardiac Arrest Rhythms?

• Ventricular fibrillation

• Pulseless ventricular tachycardia.

3

Which type of cardiac arrest rhythm is this?

 

Asytole (not-shockable)

4

What kind of cardiac arrest rhythm is this?

Pulseless electrical activity. (Not shockable)

5

What kind of cardiac arrest rhythm is this?

Pulseless ventricular tachycardia. (Shockable)

6

What kind of cardiac arrest rhythm is this?

Ventricular fibrilation.

7

Which valve does each of these points of auscultation listen to?

Green - Aorta

Red - Pulmonary

Yellow - Tricuspid

Blue - Mitral

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8

The 'lub' of the heart is caused by the closing of which valves?

Tricuspid and mitral, at the start of ventricular systole.

9

The 'dub' of the heart beat is caused by the closing of which valves?

Aortic and pulmonary valves, during diastole.

10

What are some of the causes of systolic murmur?

Aortic valve stenosis

Mitral regurgitation

Pulmonary valve stenosis

Tricuspid regurgitation

11

What are some of the causes of a diastolic murmur?

Mitral stenosis

Tricuspid stenosis

Aortic regurgitation

Pulmonary regurgitation

12

What is one of the main causes of continuous murmur?

Patent ductus arteriosus.

13

Why does a patient need to be upright for a chest X-ray?

So that free air can be seen under the diaphragm, pneumoperitoneum.

14

Which type of X-ray will show an innacurate view of the heart?

AP - divergence of the x-ray beams show an enlarged heart.

15

What is the normal cardiac-thoracic ratio?

<50%

16

How should a chest X-ray be performed?

• PA

• Inspiration

• Erect

• No rotation

17

What are the borders of the heart visible on an x-ray?

• Left Ventricle

• IVC

• Right Atrium

• SVC

• Aortic knuckle

• Left auricle

18

What can you see on this X-ray?

1) Right Hilum

2) Left Hilum

3) Right hemidiaphragm

4) Left hemidiphargm

5) Gastric bubble

19

What can you see on this x-ray?

A) Trachea

B) Carina

C) Right Clavicle

D) Left Ventricle

E) Aortic knuckle

20

What can you see in this x-ray?

A)

B) ECG lead

C) Endotracheal tube

D) Nasogastric tube

E) Surgical staples

F)

21

What are the four densities to look at in abdominal X-rays? 

1) Gas

2) Fat

3) Soft Tissue

4) Bone

22

Why is the liver visible on an abdominal X-ray?

It is denser than the retroperitoneal fat around it, so it is a darker shade of grey.

23

What five abnormalities can we see on an abdominal radiograph?

1) Foreign bodies

2) Perforation

3) Kidney stones

4) Bowel obstruction

5) Abdominal masses

24

What can you see in this abdominal X-ray?

Staghorn calculus in left kidney.

25

What is this abdominal X-ray?

Intravenous urogram (pyelogram)

26

How do you distinguish between small bowel and large bowel?

Colon-
Peripheral
Haustra only goes half way across.
Faeces.

Small intestine-
Valvulae Conniventes
(lines that go all the way across)
Central
No faeces

27

What does the abdo. X-ray show?

Dilated colon

28

What is a sigmoid volvulus?

A twisting of the sigmoid colon, that causes large dilation of the colon.

29

What does this abdo. X-ray show?

Dilated small bowel. Volvulae conniventes, central location.

30

What is haustra?

The lines on the colon that only go half way across.