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Flashcards in ID - associations Deck (14):
1

in HIV: low grade fever, cough, HSM, tongue ulcer

histoplasma capsulatumpath: oval yeast cells within MPhagesCD4<100

2

in HIV: fluffy white cottage cheese lesions

C albicanspseudohyphaeoral if CD4 < 100

3

in HIV: Superficial vascular proliferation

Bartonella henselae (bacillary angiomatosis)can be confused with Kaposi's but bx will reveal neutrophilic inflamm (vs lympho)

4

in HIV: chronic, water diarrhea

cryptosporidium sppacid-fast cysts in stool especially CD4 < 200

5

in HIV: encephalopthy

JC virus (PML)due to reactivation of latent virus, demyelination. CD4 < 200

6

in HIV: CNS abscesses

toxoplasma ring-enhancingCD4 < 100

7

in HIV: meningitis

cryptococcus neoformansIndia ink stain reveals yeast with narrow-based budding and large capsuleCD4 < 50

8

in HIV: Retinitis

CMVcotton-wool spots on fundoscopic exam, may also have esophagitisCD4 <50

9

In HIV: dementia

must differentiate from other causes but directly associated with HIV

10

in HIV: superificial neoplastic proliferation of vasculature

HHV-8 Kaposi's sarcoma. do not confuse with bacillary angiomatosis (b henselae). lympho vs neutro inflamm

11

in HIV: hairy leukoplakia

EBVlateral tongue

12

in HIV: non-hodgkin's lymphoma (large cell type)

EBVoften oropharynx (Waldeyer's ring)

13

in HIV: SCC

HPVoften in anus of MSM or cervix

14

in HIV: primary CNS lymphoma

EBVFocal or multipledifferentiate from toxo