What are the three types of schemes that can help improve the quality of life for the urban poor?
Self-help schemes, local authority schemes, site and service schemes
What are the positives and negatives of self-help schemes?
P- employment, housing improved, low rent
N- relies upon residents’ knowledge
What are the good and bad things about local authority schemes?
P - Risk of disease falls, easier to earn money, fresh water, moved to new housing
N - Community spirit lost
What are the positives and negatives of site and service schemes?
P - Employment opportunities, builds social skills and community spirit, authorities have more money for amenities
N - Residents have to provide their own materials
Where has urban planning helped improve the quality of life for the urban poor?
Rio de Janiero - Favella Bairro Project
What has been done as part of the Favela Bairro project?
Access to a better water supply and drainage system, hillsides secured to prevent landslides, building of new health, education and leisure facilities, access to credit to improve homes, 100% mortgages available, UPP set up to reduce crime rates