Industrial Causes of Disease and Treatments Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Industrial Causes of Disease and Treatments Deck (23)
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1

When did Cholera first arrive in Britain?

1831

2

What did people believe caused disease in the industrial era?

Miasma
Spontaneous generation

3

What were early remedies for cholera?

Burning clothes and bedding of dead
Praying
Cleaning the house
Smoking cigars
Using lucky charms
Bring barrels of tar/ vinegar
Making special mixtures of liquids or pills

4

How did Jenner discover a vaccine for small pox?

Noticed milk maids did not get small pox, instead they got cow pox which was less severe and meant they would not get small pox
He took pus from a milk maid and inserted it into an 8 year old boy
Later he gave him a dose of small pox and he did not contract it

5

What were the problems with Jenners work?

The link only existed between small pox and cow pox
Jenner could not explain the link between the diseases
It was not always successful
Not made compulsory until 1852
Not enforced until 1872

6

How did Jenner spread his ideas?

Published pamphlets so other scientists could check his work
Encouraged others to use his work
Jennerian society set up in 1802

7

Why did some doctors oppose Jenner's work?

They lost money as people no longer paid for inoculations

8

Which international leaders were quick to adopt Jenner's ideas?

Napoleon in France
President Jefferson in USA

9

When did the World Health Organisation announce that small pox had been eradicated?

1979

10

When did Pasteur publish germ theory?

1861

11

What else did Pasteur discover?

A vaccine for chicken cholera

12

Which microbes did Koch identify?

Anthrax
TB
Cholera

13

How did Koch develop Pasteur's work?

He found that you could dye specific bacteria so that they could be studied more easily under the microscope

14

Why was John Hunter important?

Emphasised the importance of observation and experiment
Gave lectures on anatomy to help develop a more professional approach to medical training
Published several important works, including one about the changes that occurred in pregnancy

15

Who was William Smellie?

Man- midwife
Treated poor women for free if his students could attend the birth

16

Who was Elizabeth Garrett Anderson?

First qualified female doctor

17

What was the significance of Florence Nightingale?

Her work was reported in newspapers
Established a school for nurses in 1860
Published Notes on Nursing which was translated into 11 languages
Influential in setting up training school for midwives

18

What was the significance of Elizabeth Garrett Anderson?

1872 founded New Hospital for Women in London
1874 helped set up London School of Medicine for Women
1876 an Act of Parliament allowed women to enter medical professions

19

When did the first cottage hospital open?

1859 in Sussex

20

What was a cottage hospital?

Small hospital that provided nursing care

21

By what year did most hospitals accept the need for antiseptic conditions?

1900

22

When did Thomas Beecham start selling his pills?

1847

23

When did regulation of doctors start by the government?

1858