Renaissance Causes of Disease and Treatments Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Renaissance Causes of Disease and Treatments Deck (16)
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1

When was the Royal Society for Science set up?

1660

2

Why did attitudes towards medicine and science change in the Renaissance?

Science became more important- RSS set up
Decline in power of church
New technology- printing press and microscope
Improvements in art
Kings stronger than in Middle Ages

3

What did people believe caused disease during the Renaissance?

Four Humours- Galen still used
Understanding of anatomy and blood circulation improved but is mainly ignored.

4

What treatments did people use during the Renaissance?

Apothecaries using herbs
Bleeding and purging
Prayers
Touching the King
Transference
Iatrochemistry
Antimony

5

How were doctors trained during the Renaissance?

Same as Middle Ages
More universities develop- Galen still used
Doctors work for rich
Women still banned from training

6

How did hospitals change during the Renaissance?

Monasteries lose control- most shut down by Henry VIII
Purpose built hospitals built- funded by charities rather than King.

7

Who were 'Quacks'?

People who sold remedies which they knew would not work just to make money

8

What does Renaissance mean?

Re birth
Ancient Greek and Roman ideas became fashionable among rich and educated.

9

Define the Reformation.

The change from Catholicism to Protestantism

10

Who published The Fabric of the Human Body in 1543?

Andreas Vesalius

11

What did Vesalius discover?

That Galen was wrong
- The liver does not have any lobes
- The human jaw is only one bone
- The sternum only has 3 parts

12

Why was the invention of the printing press so important?

Copies of books could be printed easily
Increased the spread of ideas

13

How did William Harvey prove Galen wrong?

Veins only carry blood
Blood is not constantly manufactured by liver and is not used up as it moves around the body

14

Who published An Anatomical Account of the Motion of the Heart and Blood in Animals?

William Harvey

15

What did Dutch scientist van Leeuwenhoek invent?

A better lens for the microscope

16

Why did Harvey and Vesalius have such a limited impact during the Renaissance?

Reluctance to accept that Galen was wrong
Most doctors still did not carry out dissections
Their work was more on anatomy rather than how to treat diseases