Key Words Industrial and Modern Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Key Words Industrial and Modern Deck (20)
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1

Define anatomy

The structure of the body, eg, bones, nerves, muscles

2

Define epidemic

A severe outbreak of an infectious disease

3

Define industrial

Connected to industry and manufacturing

4

Define Industrial Revolution

The period between 1750- 1900 when there were rapid changes in the way work and industry were organised

5

Define Inoculation

A way of giving a patient a mild dose of an illness so that they body builds up immunity

6

Define miasma

The theory that disease is caused by poisonous vapours in the air

7

Define patent medicine

A mixture that has been created by one person or company sells under a particular brand name

8

Define pharmacy

A business selling medical drugs; a chemist

9

Define pharmaceutical industry

The business of manufacturing medicinal drugs prescribed by a doctor or sold by a chemist

10

Define physiology

The way organs function within the body

11

Define spontaneous generation

The idea that rubbish or decaying material creates microbes (germs)

12

Define Vaccination

A safe way of stimulating the body's immune system against a particular disease

13

Define antibiotics

Drugs that stop infections caused by bacteria

14

Define Consultant

A doctor specialising in a specific disease or part of the body; usually based in a hospital and seeing patients referred by a GP.

15

Define crystallography

Using radiation to take a high power X ray photograph

16

Define DNA

The abbreviation for deoxyribonucleic acid, which contains the genetic instructions for every cell in your body

17

Define genetics

The study of genes and inherited characteristics

18

Define Magic Bullet

A chemical drug that kills the microbes causing a specific disease without harming the rest of the body

19

Define NHS

National Health Service set up in 1948 to give free health care to all

20

Define radiotherapy

The use of radiation in medicine, often to attack cancer