Medieval Causes of Disease and Treatments Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Medieval Causes of Disease and Treatments Deck (23)
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1

Where and when was the first medical school established in Europe?

Salerno
10th Century

2

What was teaching based on in the first medical school?

The work of Galen
No practical experience for students

3

What did people believe caused disease in Medieval times?

Four Humours
Miasma
God
Developed belief in astrology

4

What treatments were used during the Medieval times?

Blood letting
Herbs/ leechbooks
Stars
Flagellation
Prayer
Pilgrimages
Examining urine
Mentally ill beaten

5

How did training of doctors develop during the Middle Ages?

Compulsory
Universities started to develop (Oxford in 1167/ Cambridge in 1209)
Would study Galen
Not allowed to study dissections as Church still controlled medicine

6

Who controlled care of the sick in the Middle Ages?

The Church/ Monasteries

7

What were the positive of the Church controlling care of the sick?

Believed in caring for all
Had good water supplies

8

What were the negatives of the Church controlling care of the sick?

Only 10% cared for the sick- rest focussed on old and dying, lepers and shelter for travellers.
Focus on care- not treatment.

9

What was St Bartholomew's in London?

A purpose built hospital built in 1100

10

What was the bezoar stone?

A stone found in the stomach of goats in Persia used as a treatment for disease

11

How was astrology developed during the Middle Ages?

Linked to four humours, four elements
Avoided certain operations in certain zodiac signs

12

When was the Black Death?

1348

13

How much of the British population died during the Black Death?

One third

14

What was the Black Death an outbreak of?

Bubonic Plague

15

How was the bubonic plague spread?

Fleas on rats

16

How did people who believed the plague was caused by God try to treat it?

Flagellants/ whipping themselves to show they were sorry

17

Name 3 things people believed caused the Black Death

Unusual positioning of the planets
Poisonous fumes from volcanoes
Miasma
Imbalance of 4 humours
Jews
Witches

18

Name 4 treatments of the Black Death

Holding a piece of bread against the buboes then burying it
Fasting and praying
Eating cool things
Carrying herbs and spices
Flagellants
Cutting open buboes to drain pus
Lighting a fire in a room
Ringing bells
Not letting people enter the town or village from other places

19

Who was responsible for treating the sick in the Middle Ages?

Physician
Apothecary
Barber- surgeon
Hospital
Housewife- physician
Prayer/ Pilgrimage

20

How would a physician diagnose and treat patients?

Had medical training
Used urine and astrology
Treatment based on Galen- blood letting
EXPENSIVE/ Might not carry out treatment- leave it to barber- surgeon

21

What did an apothecary do?

Mix ingredients to produce medicines/ ointments
Cheaper than physician
Has no formal training

22

What was the role of a barber surgeon?

Blood letting
Lance boils
Pull rotten teeth
Basic surgery- low success rates!
Cut your hair!

23

What was the role of a Housewife- physician?

Knew remedies for sore throats/ stomachs
Could deal with broken bones
Assist in childbirth
May use herbs or 'spells'
Could be Lady of Manor