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Flashcards in Modern Causes Of Disease And Treatments Deck (19)
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1

How did Behring develop Koch's work?

Isolated antitoxins to fight diphtheria
Found a way to inject them to cure the disease

2

How did Ehrlich help develop the magic bullet?

Tried to combine chemicals to cure syphilis that would only target disease but not harm rest of body

3

How did Hata develop Ehrlich's work?

He discovered the 606th compound was actually effective

4

What was the name of the first magic bullet?

Salvarsan 606

5

When did Domagk discover the second magic bullet?

1932

6

What was the second magic bullet called?

Prontosil

7

Who did Domagk test prontosil on?

His daughter!!

8

Why was the discovery of magic bullets important?

Medicine could now cure many infections that had previously led to death

9

Why did attitudes change in the twentieth century?

Explosion of scientific knowledge
Urbanisation
Communications technology- made world seem smaller!
More leisure time
Less religious influence
Welfare State
Wars, epidemics and famine

10

What did Alexander Fleming discover?

Penicillin

11

Why was the discovery of penicillin important?

First anti biotic- illness cured from inside the body
Treat infections of millions of soldiers during WW2

12

Who were successful in getting funding from the US government for the development of penicillin?

Florey and Chain

13

What were the limitations of Alexander Flemings discovery?

Discovered by accident
Could not mass produce it
Expensive

14

How did WW1 help progress medicine?

New technology- X Rays/ Blood transfusions
Doctors forced to develop new techniques to treat infection
Soldiers given vaccinations against common diseases

15

How did WW1 limit progress in medicine?

Outbreak of Spanish Flu- killed millions
Long term mental health problems because of war
Took money away from medical research into war effort
Medical staff in battlefields had negative impact on health at home

16

When was the NHS introduced?

1945

17

Who set up the NHS?

Nye Bevan

18

Why did some doctors disagree with the NHS being set up?

Did not want to treat poor
Wanted to set their own prices

19

How did the training of doctors change in the twentieth century?

Modernisation of role of doctor
60% doctors now women
New techniques used