Industrialisation and the making of an economic titan (1860-1997) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Industrialisation and the making of an economic titan (1860-1997) Deck (46)
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1

Water transport - what was founded in 1872?

China Merchants' Steam Navigation Company

2

How many European steamship companies used the Yangtze river by 1881?

7

3

What allowed Europeans to roam the Yangtze freely?

Extraterritoriality provision of Treaty of Nanjing (1842)

4

How many trade ships had the Qing government invested in by 1877?

33

5

How did Japan hinder China's progress in water transport?

Bombed USS Panay and HMS Bee in 1937

6

First foreign intervention in Chinese railways?

1876 - Britain builds railway at Baoshan

7

When was the Manchurian railway opened and what did it achieve?

1903 - improved communication between Manchuria and Russia

8

How many miles of railway did the PRC build between 1949 and 1964?

700 miles a year (10,500 miles in total)

9

How many peasants were employed to build railways in 1957?

10,000

10

1936 - miles of railway compared to miles of road

Railways: 10,000 miles
Road: 71,457 miles
Chiang valued roads over railways

11

What did Britain and the USA use the Burma Road for 1937-1942?

Supply GMD with 20,000 tonnes of resources to fight Japan

12

When and how was China's communications linked to Europe?

1871 - Using electric telegraph via Singapore and India

13

How many telegraph stations in China by 1887?

76

14

Who did China acquire fighter jet technology from?

USSR in the 1950s

15

What government action helped the aviation industry grow after 1985?

Civil Aviation Administration made independent from government control

16

How much did passenger air travel increase by between 1979 and 1989?

436%

17

Number of textile workers in Shanghai in 1921 and 1930?

1921: 20,000
1931: 131,000

18

How much money did Japan invest in Manchuria between 1931 and 1945?

$1.5bn in roads, rail, factories, mines, harbours etc

19

How much did the value of Manchuoko increase by during the Japanese occupation?

From 160 million yen to 1 billion yen

20

How many major industrial developments occurred in the first five year plan (1953-57)?

694

21

Steel production per year 1953 and 1957?

1953: 1.3 million
1957: 5.2 million

22

Government spending on economic development 1950 and 1957?

1950: 25.5%
1957: 51.4%

23

How did foreigners help the first five year plan?

2 billion roubles loan from USSR

24

How many hydroelectric power stations were built in 1949?

33

25

What proportion of the population were involved in digging dams for hydroelectric power in 1958?

17%

26

Customs revenue in 1865 and 1885 (self strengthening movement)?

1865: 8.5 million taels
1885: 14.5 million teals

27

What was created in 1919 as part of the New Culture Movement?

Shanghai Commercial Association - boycotted Japanese good to boost domestic production

28

How did Chinese merchants ensure they got fair prices for goods (1915-24)?

Kept places on trade committees in treaty ports

29

How did the USSR aid China's development of Soviet Marxism?

Sent economic advisers to China in 1950

30

Percentage of industry that was heavy industry in 1949 and 1952?

1949: 26%
1952: 42%