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Flashcards in Infectious Disease Deck (202)
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1

amoxicillin coverage

HELPS
H.influ
E.coli
Listeria
Proteus
Salmonella

2

amoxicillin best initial tx for:

- otitis media
- dental infection and endocarditis prophylaxis
- lyme disease
- UTI in prego
- listeria
- entercoccal infections

3

penicillinase resistant pencillins

oxacillin
cloxacillin
dicloxacillin
nafcillin

4

penicillinase resistant pencillins best intial tx for:

- skin infections
- staph: endocarditis, meningitis, bacteremia
- osteomyelitis and septic arthritis (only when organism proven sensitive)

5

methicillin ever the right answer

nooooooo

6

piperacillin, ticarcillin, azclocillin, mezlocillin best initial tx for

- cholecystitis
- ascending cholangitis
- pyelonephritis
- bacteremia
- HAP and VAP
- neutropenia and fever

7

only cephalosporin that covers MRSA

CEFTAROLINE

8

rash to pencillin, give....

cephalosporins

9

anaphylaxis to penicllin, give....

nON-beta lactam

10

first gen cephs 2 additional

cephadrine
cefadroxyl

11

first gen cephs for...

- osteomyelitis
- septic arthritis
- cellulitis
- endocarditis

12

2 second gen cephs which cover anaerobes

cefotetan
cefoxitin

13

second gen cephs, 3 additional

cefotetan
cefprozil
loracarbef

14

cefotetan
cefoxitin best initial tx for...

PID + doxycycline

15

side effects of:
cefotetan
cefoxitin

BLEEDING
DISULFIRAM like reaction

16

cefurozime, loracarbef, cefprozil, cefaclor tx for

RESPIRATORY infections
- bronchitis
- otitis media
- sinusitis

17

ceftriaxone first line tx for

- meningitis
- CAP with macrocodes
- gonorrhea
- lyme disease

18

who to avoid ceftriaxone with...

NEONATES--impairs biliary metabolism

19

cefotaxime

instead of ceftriaxone in neonates
SBP

20

cefepime for:

- neutropenia and fever
- VAP

21

carbapenems for...

- neutropenia and fever

22

all carbapenems cover.... except....

PSEUDOMONAS, except ERTRAPENEM

23

morgonella and citrobacter

gram negative bacilli

24

fluoroquinolones for

- best tx CAP
- cipro- cystitis and pyelonephritis
- diverticulitis and GI infections

25

what do fluoroquinolones have to be added with for GI infections

METRO

26

the one fluoroquinolone which can be a single agent in diverticulitis

MOXIFLOXACIN

27

aminoglycosides

- NO EFFECT ON ANAEROBES

28

gatifloxacin

REMOVED-- because caused GLUCOSE problems

29

doxycycline used for

- chlamydia
- lyme disease
- rickettsia
- MRSA of skin and soft tissue
- primary and secondary syphilis second line
- borrelia, ehrlichia, mycoplasma

30

TMP/SMX used for

- cystitis
- pneumocystitis pneumonia both tx and pro
- MRSA cellulitis