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Flashcards in OG Deck (119)
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1

embryo

fertilization to 8 weeks

2

fetus

8 weeks to birth

3

developmental age

number of days since fertilization

4

gestational age

number of days/weeks since LMP

5

naegle rule

subtract 3 months, add 7 days

6

first trimester dates

12 weeks DA
14 weeks GA

7

second trimester dates

24 weeks DA
26 weeks GA

8

pre-viable

born before 24 weeks

9

post term

greater than 42 weeks

10

F-PAL

full term
preterm
abortions
living children

11

goodell sign

FIRST sign of pregnancy,
4 weeks
= softening of the cervix

12

ladin sign

softening of the midline of the uterus,
6 weeks

13

chadwick sign

blue discolouration of vagina and cervix
6-8 weeks

14

when does palmar erythema present

first trimester

15

when does chloasma present

16 weeks

16

when does linea nigra present

second trimester

17

US in pregnancy

CONFIRMS INTRAUTERINE

18

PREGNANCY=

beta hCG greater than 1500 OR
5 weeks= gestational sac on ultrasound

19

morning sickness caused by

increase in estrogen, progesterone, hCG

20

other GI complication of pregnancy

constipation

21

renal in pregnancy

INCREASE GFR--> decrease BUN/cr

22

haem in pregnancy

- anaemia
- hypercoagulable

23

most accurate way of establishing gestational age at 11-14 weeks

ULTRASOUND

24

triple screen

MSAFP, estriol, beta hCG

25

quad screen

+ INHIBIN A

26

triple and quad screening done when

15-20 weeks

27

after 36 weeks how often does the mum come to see the doctor

every week

28

braxton hicks that are continued

CHECK THE CERVIX
since real contractions will have a dilated cervix, vs. BH contractions= closed cervix

29

CBC done when

27 weeks,
if Hb less than 11 replace iron orally

30

glucose load

24-28 weeks, fasting or non fasting ingestion of 50g glucose and serum glucose checked 1 hr later