Ophthalmology Flashcards Preview

Master the Boards > Ophthalmology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ophthalmology Deck (28):
1

describe a bacterial conjunctivitis

- red eye
- unilateral
- thick purulent discharge
- NO LAD
- NO itch
- treated with topical antibiotics

2

describe a viral conjunctivitis

- red eyes
- bilaterla
- watery discharge
- periauricular LAD
- itchy
- no specific tx

3

red eye and history of trauma

abrasion

4

sand in my eye and red eye

abrasion

5

diagnosis of ocular abrasion

fluorescin stain

6

tx of ocular abrasion

no specific tx, ? patch

7

red eye and pain-- what eye findings

FIXED MIDPOINT PUPIL-- non-reactive to light in glaucoma; hard to palpation

8

most accurate test for glacuoma

tonometry

9

chronic glaucoma tx

- prostaglandin analogues: latanoprost, travoprost, bimatoprost
- pilocarpine
- laser trabeculoplasty
- alpha blockers: apraclonidine
- beta blockers: topical-- timolol, cartelol, metipranolol, betaxolol, levobunolol
- carbonic anhydrase inhibitors: dorzolamide, brinzolamide

10

acute angle closure glaucoma tx

AMPI
- acetazolamide IV
- mannitol IV
- pilocarpine, beta blockers, apraclonidine
- iridiotomy- laser

11

how does uveitis present

red eye+ PHOTOPHOBIA

12

diagnostic test for uveitis

slit lamp exam

13

what to avoid in herpes keratitis

STEROIDS

14

tx of cataracts

surgical removal of lens, and replace with new intraocular lens

15

most accurate test in diabetic retinopathy

fluorescin angiography

16

non- proliferative diabetic retinopathy tx

diabetic control

17

proliferative diabetic retinopathy tx

laser photocoagulation

18

acute painless monocular vision loss differential

central retinal artery OR vein occlusion

19

retinal exam for retinal artery occlusion

cherry red macula, pale retina

20

retinal exam for retinal vein occlusion

extravasation of blood into the retina

21

painless unilateral loss of vision-- curtain coming down

retinal detachment

22

tx of retinal detachment

MECHANICAL
- surgery
- laser
- cryotherapy
- injection of expansile gas-- pushes retina back up against globe of eye

23

MCC blindness in elderly

macular degen

24

tx of atrophic macular degen

NO PROVEN effective tx

25

tx of wet macular degen

anti-VEGF

26

aflibercept

anti-VEGF

27

ranibizumab

anti-VEGF

28

bevacizumab

anti-VEGF