Infectious Diseases Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Infectious Diseases Deck (24):
1

what are the three most common STDs?

chlamydia trachomatis
neisseria gonorrhoeae
treponema pallidium

2

how do you treat N. gonorrhoeae?

3rd generation cephalosporin (ex- ceftriaxone, cefotaxine)

3

how do you treat Claymdias trachomatis?

doxycycline

4

How do you treat an enterobacteriaceae infections?

quinolone (ciprofloxacin)

5

Presetns with vulvar itching, "cottage cheese" discharge?

candidiasis

6

Tx from vulvovaginitis?

Intravaginal azoles (clotrimazole, miconadole)

7

tx for trichomoniasis?

metronidazole

8

Presents with malodorous thin discharge, clear to white
clue cells seen on wet mount

bacterial vaingosis

9

Tx for bacterial vaginosis

metronidazole (oral or intravaginal)

10

What organisms cause PID?

C. trachomatis, N. gonorrhoeae

11

Tx for PID

3rd generation cephalo pluse doxycycline OR quinolone plus metronidazole

12

what is the organism that causes syphillis?

treponema pallidum

13

what is is the organism that causes chancroid?

H. ducreyi

14

Presents w/ painful ulcrs and inguinal adenopathy w/ overlying erythema

chancroid

15

presents w/ painless ulcers

syphilis

16

Tx for syphilis

Benzathine penicillin G (doxycycline if PCN allergly)

17

Tx for chancroid

ceftraixone or azithromycin

18

Tx for HSV

acyclovir

19

initial stage of spyhillis

painless, indurated ulcer (chancre)

20

physical findigns of 2ndary syphillis

generalized maculopapular rash (palsm and soles)
mucous patches
generalized nontender LAD

21

test to dx syphillis

RPR (rapid plasma reagin)

22

AIDS is a CD4 count below what?

200

23

testing for HIV

ELISA then confirmed by Western Blot

24

CMV is seen in AIDS patients when CD4 counts drop below what

50