Infectious/Inflam Myocarditis Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Infectious/Inflam Myocarditis Deck (19):
1

inflammation of heart muscle.

Myocarditis or inflammatory cardiomyopathy

2

______ virus is a common cause of Myocarditis or inflammatory cardiomyopathy

coxsackievirus

3

Typical viral causes are Coxsackievirus A or B or other enteroviruses cause:

Infection of the heart

4

Parasitic Myocarditis

Chagas Disease
Trichinosis

5

Chagas Disease

can be a common cause of heart failure (even decades later)
Tropical parasitic disease (Trypanosoma cruzi)

6

_____ is a common fungus to damage the heart

candida

7

Systemic Autoimmune disease vs heart

Lupus
RA
Scaralderma

Variable involvement of pericardium, myocardium, endocardium

8

Organ Autoimmunity vs herat

Goodpasture
Vasculitis leading to infarct

9

__________ is a toxic metabolite of the heart

Alcohol (ETOH)

10

Adriamycin - chemotherapeutic drug used to common cause ________ but is not used much now

cardiac problems

11

Toxic levels of ______ from fake joints has lead to cardiac issues

Cobalt from artificial joint prostheses

12

Hemochromatosis

congential
body stores too much iron

13

Hemochromatosis will have too much ___ staining

Blue
Iron Stain: Excess pigment is iron.

14

Amyloidosis is a

Protein deposition as "beta-pleated sheets"

15

Special Stain Characterization of Deposits Amyloidosis

Congo Red Stain
Non-Polarized
- Deposits: “Salmon Orange” color

Congo Red Stain Polarized
- Deposits: “Granny apple green”
Birefringence

16

body absorbs too much iron. The excess iron is stored in liver, heart and pancreas.

The excess iron can poison these organs, leading to life-threatening conditions such as cancer, heart arrhythmias and cirrhosis.

Hemochromatosis

17

"beta-pleated sheets" protein build up is common in

Amyloidosis- Not specific for identity of protein

affects . Heart/Kidneys--> morbidity

18

Amyloids impair in the heart

conduction
contractility

19

“Granny apple green” stain means

Amyloids