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Flashcards in Learnings Deck (23):
1

Angina Pectoris

the sensation of chest pain, pressure, or squeezing, often due to ischemia of the heart muscle from obstruction or spasm of the coronary arteries.

2

Angina Pectoris is caused by ________ mismatch in the coronary arteries

supply-demand

3

Levines sign

pt has CP and points right to their sternum

4

Right arm pain is not _______

Angina

5

Sharp, shooting pain is ______-

NOT ANGINA

6

Left arm/jaw pain is _________

Angina

7

__________ helps with true Angina

Rest, Nitroglycerin

8

_________ can cause dyspnea

LV failure
Mitral stenosis

9

Orthopnea

SOB when laying flat
relieved by elevation

10

Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea

SOB that wakes pt from sleep

11

Dyspnea on exertion

SOB while walking, etc

12

Syncope

transient loss of consciousness
reduced blood flow to brain

13

Syncope Causes

Cardiac- rhythm disturbance, LV output obstruction
Vasovagal (stress/parasymp response)
Orthostatic
coughing

14

Carotide sensitivity leading to syncope is common with......

men's ties, and tuning of the head

15

a narrowing of the aorta, when this occurs, heart must pump harder to force blood through the narrow part of your aorta.

Coarctation of the aorta

Coarctation of the aorta is generally present at birth (congenital).

16

an irregular radial pulse may be caused by

A fib

17

Orthostatic is a drop by _____ in ______

20 mmHG in systolic pressure

18

LBB on ECG will affect ____ on PE

the PMI- will feel sluggish

19

is S4 always patho?

No, can be normal result of aging

20

____________ is the most common cause of a heart murmur

Valvular heart disease


Valve stenosis – a narrow, tight, stiff valve, limiting forward flow of blood.

Valve regurgitation – a valve that does not close completely, allowing backward flow (a "leaky" valve)

21

Murmurs can be present without any medical or heart conditions. Two common examples include:

Childhood murmurs
Pregnancy

22

The fourth heart sound, S4 is

Atrial kick
Ass. w/ V hyper trophy
NOT ALWAYS PATHOGENIC

23

Holo systolic murmur

Heart sound continuing between S1 and S2
Can be from mitral regurg