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Flashcards in Inherited Kidney Disease Deck (14):
1

What is Anderson Fabry's Disease?

A X-Linked Lysosomal Storage Disease which is Uncommon and Affects the:
- Kidneys
- Liver
- Lungs
- RBCs

2

How does Anderson Fabry's Disease occur?

Deficiency of Alpha Glucocidase

3

What are clinical features of Anderson Fabry's Disease?

Renal failure
Cutaneous i.e. Angiokeratomas
Cardiac i.e. Cardiomyopathy, Valvular Disease
Neurological i.e. Stroke, Acroparaesthesia
Psychiatric

4

How is Anderson Fabry's Disease diagnosed?

Plasma/Leukocyte i.e. Alpha-GAL Activity
Renal Biopsy
Skin Biopsy

5

How is Anderson Fabry's Disease treated?

Enzyme Replacement i.e. FabryzymeManagement of Complications

6

What is Medullary Cystic Disease?

This is a Rare, Inherited Cystic Disease which is Autosomal Dominant in Inheritance which causes Abnormal Renal Tubules leading to Fibrosis.

7

How does Medullary Cystic Disease appear?

The Renal Medulla and Cortex are Both Shrunken

Irregularly Distributed Cysts of variable Size at the Corticomedullary Junction and in the Outer Medulla

N.B. CYSTS ARE NOT NECESSARY FOR DIAGNOSIS

8

How is Medullary Cystic Disease diagnosed?

Family History
CT

9

How is Medullary Cystic Disease treated?

Renal Transplant

10

What are common presenting features of Medullary Sponge Disease?

Dilatation of Collecting Ducts
In Severe Cases, the Medullary Area appears Sponge-like
Cysts contain Calculi

11

How is Medullary Sponge Disease diagnosed?

Excretion Urography to Demarcate Calculi

12

How is Alport's Syndrome diagnosed?

Renal Biopsy to show Variable Thickness in the Glomerular Basal Membrane (A Characteristic feature)

13

How is Alport's Syndrome treated?

NO SPECIFIC TREATMENT

Aggressive control of BP
Reduce Proteinuria
Dialysis/Renal Transplantation if needed

14

What are the presenting features of ARPKD?

Bilateral and symmetrical renal involvement but Urinary Tract is NORMAL
Hypertension
Recurrent UTIs
Slow decline in GFR