Intro Material Flashcards Preview

Herbs 1 > Intro Material > Flashcards

Flashcards in Intro Material Deck (90):
1

What is the primary text of Chinese Medicine?

Huang Ti Nei Jing

2

Who is considered the patron saint of Chinese Medicine?

Shen Nung, the Divine Farmer

3

What was the first major herbal text? Who many herbs were in it?

Shen Nung Ben Cao Jing. 365 Herbs.

4

Who was credited with inventing the compass and the wheel?

Huang Ti

5

The Huang Ti Nei Jing is the premier text on CM ______. It is a dialogue between _____ ___ and his physician ____ ____.

theory, Huang Ti, Qi Bo

6

There are two sections of the Huang Ti Nei Jing. What are they?

The Su Wen: The Simple Questions
Ling Shu: The Spiritual Axis

7

The Su Wen is about CM ______. The Ling Shu is about ______.

theory, acupuncture

8

The Nan Jing is also known as The _______ ___ ______ and is based on discussion of difficult passages found in the ____ ____.

Classic of Difficulties, Nei Jing

9

The Shang Han Lun is known as the

Treatise on Injury due to Cold

10

The Jin Gi Yao Lue is known as

Essentials from the Golden Chamber

11

Which came first: The Shang Han Lun or the Jin Gi Yap Lue?

The Shang Han Lun

12

The SHL and Jin Gi Yap Lue were written by ____ ____ ___ and forms the foundation of ______ herbal medicine called _____.

Zhang Zhong Jin, Japanese, Kanpo

13

What is the most commented on researched text in CM?

The SHL

14

Hua To came up with what points, and what type of qi gong?

The Hua To Jia Ji Points. Five Animal Frolics.

15

Who was the most famous alchemist in China? What text did he write?

Ge Hong, Zhou Hou Bei Ji Fang: Emergency Formulas to Keep Up One's Sleeves

16

What illness was described by the Zhou Hou Bei Ji Fang: Emergency Formulas to Keep Up One's Sleeves?

small pox

17

Who is called the King of Medicine or the King of Prescriptions? He was alive during what dynasty?

Sun Si Miao. Tang.

18

Sun Si Miao was one of the first CM ______. He said that every physician should study _____ or they will not know the ____.

ethicists, philosophy, dao

19

What are the Four Great Traditions of the Ming Era?

Cooling and Cold School, Attacking and Purging School, Li Dong Yuan's Earth School, and the Nourishing Yin School

20

What organs are associated with the Li Dong Yuan's Earth School?

Spleen and Stomach

21

What is the nature and temperature of Warm (Wen) to Hot (Re) herbs?

Create sweat, promote urination. Tend to take longer time to grow and mature. Spicy and Sweet.

22

What types of herbs are Warm to Hot?

Hard leaves, twigs, branches, seeds, roots. May also include minerals and proteins.

23

What is the nature and temperature of Cool (Liang) to Cold (Han) herbs?

Detoxifying, promote bowel movements and urination, have a calming effect. Tend to grow and mature more quickly. Bitter and Salty.

24

What types of herbs are Cool to Cold?

Fruits, flowers, softer leaves.

25

What is the nature and temperature of Neutral (Ping) herbs?

Tends to be harmonizing, and can be used with warm or cool herbs.

26

What are the Six Tastes?

Suan/Sour, Ku/Bitter, Gan/Sweet, Xin/Spicy/Acrid/Pungent, Xian/Salty, and Dan/Bland

27

What are the two "other" tastes?

Aromatic/Xiang and Astringent/He

28

With what organ does Sour/Suan resonate? What does it treat?

The Liver. It treats internal wind and is beneficial to the eyes.

29

Sour is ______ like a lemon. It causes puckering up. It can have an ______/_____ flavor. It tends to be more _____ and can be ______ as well.

astringent, acidic/salty, cooling, tonifying

30

With what organ does Ku/Bitter resonate? What does it treat?

The Heart. Aconite, for example, can treat someone in shock. It can also lower cholesterol.

31

Bitter promotes _____, not the _____. It can ______ and it stimulates _______.

digestion, appetite, detoxify, peristalsis

32

With what organs does Gan/Sweet resonate? What does it treat?

Lung and Spleen. It is an adaptogen: helps the body function when there is an attack.

33

Gan/Sweet is the main ______ flavor. It is moistening, _______, and ______.

tonifying, transforming, transporting

34

With what organ does Xin/Spicy/Acrid/Pungent resonate? What does it treat?

Lung. It stimulates blood flow and circulation. Can be used to purge.

35

Xin/Spicy/Acrid/Pungent herbs tend to ________ when drank hot, and _____ when drank cold.

diaphoretic (promote sweating), diuretic (promote urination).

36

With what organ does Xian/Salty resonate? What does it treat?

Kidneys and Urinary System. Salty softens and dissolves masses.

37

What does Dan/Bland treat?

It is used to promote urination and drain dampness. It treats edema.

38

Aromatic/Xiang has a strong effect on what organs? What does it treat?

Spleen/Stomach. It restores consciousness and it used to treat ADHD, autism, and turbidity.

39

What types of herbs are astringent? What does Astringent/He herbs treat?

Sour and Salty. Astringents stop fluids from being lost. They stop leakages. They are used as gargles and rinses to treat mouth problems.

40

Too much spicy can damage what?

the skin

41

Too much bitter can damage what?

the blood vessels

42

Too much sweet can damage what?

the flesh

43

Too much salty can damage what?

the bones

44

Too much sour can damage what?

the sinews

45

Warming, hot, spicy, and aromatic go in what direction?

up and out

46

Cooling, cold, bitter, salty, and bland go in what direction?

down

47

Sour and astringent go in what direction?

in

48

Sweet goes in what direction?

it maintains its position

49

Floating/ascending affects _____ factors.

yang (sweat, wind, etc.)

50

Sinking affects _____ factors and descends ______ ___.

yin (damp, diarrhea), rebellious qi

51

Guo (Fruit) and Hua (Flowers) will help ____ ____.

disperse wind

52

Peels and Barks affect the _____.

skin

53

Ye (Leaves) and Zhi (Twigs) affect the ____ and _____ and help with ______.

limbs, sinews, prolapse

54

Zhi (Branches) and Pi (Bark) _____ rebellious qi. Vines affect the _____ collaterals and thus the _____.

descend, blood, spirit

55

Gen (Roots) and Zi or Ren (Seeds) ______ or _____ intestines.

consolidate, moisten

56

Shi (minerals) are _____ and descend _____. They are _____.

heavy, yang, calming

57

What are the 7 Mutual Relationships?

accentuating, enhancing, counteracting, neutralizing, antagonizing, incompatibility, and single herb

58

Herbs with similar effects are ______.

accentuating

59

Herbs that enhance the property of the other are _______.

enhancing

60

Herbs that lesson the effect of one another are _________.

counteracting

61

Herbs that neutralize possible side effects are ________.

neutralizing

62

Herbs that nullify the effects when combined are ________.

antagonizing

63

Herbs that are harmful when combined are _______.

incompatible

64

________ and ______ are cooked for 30-60 minutes prior to adding other herbs because they are _____.

Minerals, shells, heavy

65

Toxic substances are cooked for ____ minutes first to reduce toxicity.

30

66

Aromatics are generally cooked at the ____ ____ to ____ minutes of the tea.

last 10, 15

67

Secretions, gels, and powders, are _____ ___ the decoction.

added to

68

Methods of processing include dry-frying or charring to ____ _____, wine-frying to ____ ____, and honey-baking to ______ ____ and _____.

stop bleeding, move blood, tonify Spleen, harmonize

69

1 Lian is ___ ____ and approximately ___ grams.

10 Qian, 30

70

1 Qian is ___ ___ and approximately ___ grams.

10 Fen, 3

71

What are the four levels of the herbal class system of formulas?

Principle/Chief (Jun), Associate (Chen), Assistant (Zuo), and Messenger/Envoy (Shi)

72

What does the Principle/Chief (Jun) do in a formula?

It is the major action of the formula

73

What does the Associate/Deputy (Chen) do in a formula?

It enhances and supports the Chief

74

What does the Assistant (Zuo) do in a formula?

It supports a specific action of the formula

75

What does the Messenger/Envoy (Shi) do in a formula?

It directs the action of the formula and/or harmonizes

76

What are the 8 Methods of Medicine?

Sweating (Han Fa), Vomiting (Tu), Draining Downward (Xia Fa), Warming (Wen Fa), Clearing (Qing Fa), Reducing (Xiao Fa), Harmonizing (He Fa), and Tonifying (Bu fa)

77

Sweating relates directly to the ______. This principle is spicy, _____, ____, and expels ____.

Lungs, yang, warming, cold

78

Vomiting has a relationship with the _____ and _____ qi.

Lungs, Stomach

79

Draining Downward has a relationship with the ____ and ____ _____.

Lungs and Large Intestine

80

What does draining downward treat?

Dysenteric disorders, damp-heat toxins, blood stasis.

81

What does sweating treat?

Wind-Cold and Damp-Heat

82

What does vomiting treat?

Phlegm and Toxicity

83

Warming can treat _____ yang collapse.

Kidney

84

What can warming treat?

Bi-obstruction and Blood Stasis

85

Clearing is bitter and _____. It is related to the _____, _____, _____, and ______.

cold, Lungs, Stomach, Heart, Liver

86

Reducing moves what four types of stasis?

Qi, Blood, Phlegm, Parasites

87

What is the most complex and contemporary Method of Medicine?

Harmonizing

88

Tonifying supplements what?

Qi, Blood, Essence, Yin, and Yang

89

Pills are used more often in what types of conditions?

Chronic

90

Decoctions and tinctures are used more often in what types of conditions?

Acute