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Flashcards in Intro to Caries Deck (10)
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1

What is the best definition for a dental caries lesion?

A multifactorial process of demineralization and concurrent remineralization, and are often reversible

2

Drill, fill, and bill is what model?

Surgical model

3

Treating the source of infection is what model?

Medical model

4

What are the three categories in the multifactorial model of caries process?

1-Agent
2-Host
3-Environment

5

What 3 main pathogens make up the "agent" portion of the caries process?

1-S. mutans
2-S. Sobrinus
3-Lactobacilli

*ANY pathogen could be pathogenic in the right environment

6

What 4 things make up the "host" portion of the caries process?

1-The tooth
2-Saliva quantity
3-Saliva quality
4-Immune responses

7

What is the main contributor to the "environment" portion of the caries process?

Dietary fermentable carbohydrates

8

What gram-positive organism metabolizes sucrose to lactic acid and is the primary causative agent in the formation of dental caries?

Streptococcus mutans

9

What tooth structure component is 95% mineral, 5% water of ectodermal origin, is avascular, acellular and cannot repair itself?

Enamel

10

What tooth structure component is 75% inorganic, 20% organic, 5% water, has reparative mechanism and works in concert with the pulp?

Dentin