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Biology: 15 - DNA and RNA > Introduction > Flashcards

Flashcards in Introduction Deck (9)
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1

What is heredity?

The passing on of features from parents to offspring by means of genes

2

What can heredity also be called?

Genetic inheritance

3

Give one feature which humans inherit

Eye colour

4

Give one feature which plants inherit

Colour of their petals

5

What are genes?

A section of DNA that causes the production of a protein

6

What type of proteins do genes mostly produce?

Enzymes

7

Why are genes said to control a cell?

Because many of the enzymes they produce control cell activities

8

What is gene expression?

The way in which the genetic information in a gene is decoded in the cell and used to make a protein

9

What are characteristics?

Traits or features that are inherited genetically