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Flashcards in Introduction to joint classification Deck (17):
1

What is the term used to identify the study of joints?

Arthrology

2

What is the term to identify the study of ligaments?

Syndesmology

3

What are three histological classifications of joints?

Fibrous, cartilaginous and synovial fluid

4

What were the three classification of joints based on movement potential?

Synarthrosis, amphiarthrosis, and diarthrosis

5

What are the characteristics of the (amphiarthosis) synchondrosis?

they are primary cartilage joints, temporary in longevity, composed of hyaline cartilage to form between ossification centers within a cartilage template

6

What are the four consistent features of synovial (diarthrosis) joints?

Articular or fibrous capsule, synovial membrane, articular cartilage and synovial fluid

7

What movements are accommodated by arthrodial synovial joints?

Translational movement, a plane or gliding movement

8

What are examples of synovial plane (diarthrosis arthrodial) joints?

Most zygapophyses of the vertebral column

9

Diarthosis trochoid joints are commonly called ____ joints based on action?

Synovial Pivot

10

What are examples of synovial pivot (diarthrosis trochoid) joints?

Median atlanto-axial joint

11

What is the shared morphological characteristic of diarthrosis trochoid joints?

An osseous pivot point and an osteo-ligamentous ring

12

What is a common name for the diarthosis sellar joint?

Synovial saddle joint

13

What example of synovial saddle (diarthosis sellar) joint is identified along the spine?

The joint of luschka of typical cervicals is a modified sellar joint

14

Which joint classification exhibits a knuckle-shaped surface on one side of the joint and a concave surface on the other side?

Diarthrosis condylar

15

What example of the diarthrosis condyar joint is identified along the spine?

The antlanto-occipital joint may be classified as a diarthrosis condylar joint

16

Which joint classification exhibits a knuckle-shaped surfcae on one side of the joint and an elliptical, concave surface of the other side?

Diarthrosis ellipsoidal

17

What is an example of the diarthrosis ellipsoidal joint?

The atlanto-occipital joint of the spine