Cervical Region Flashcards Preview

Spinal Anatomy > Cervical Region > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cervical Region Deck (39):
1

What is the number of vertebrae in the typical cervical spine?

Seven segments

2

Which vertebra are typical cervicals?

C3-C6

3

Which vertebrae are atypical cervicals?

C1, C2, C7

4

What is the shape of the typical cervical vertebral body from the cranial view?

Rectangular

5

What is the appearance of the typical cervical vertebral body from the lateral view?

Posterior height is greater than anterior height by a few millimeters

6

What would be the direction of the cervical curve based on osseous features?

Posterior or kyphotic

7

What accounts for the direction of the typical cervical curve?

The intervertebral disc height

8

What is the direction of the typical cervical curve?

anterior or lordotic

9

At which vertebral couple will cervical curve again increase intervertebral disc height?

C5/C6

10

What are the modifications of the superior epiphyseal rim of a typical cervical?

Anterior groove, posterior groove, right and left uncinate processes

11

What are the names of the lateral modification of the superior epiphyseal rim?

Uncinate process, unciform process, uncovertebral process, uncus or lateral lip

12

What are the modifications of the inferior epiphyseal rim of a typical cervical?

Anterior lip, posterior lip, right and left lateral grooves

13

What is the joint classification for the anterior lip-anterior groove articulation?

Fibrous (ampiarthrosis) syndesmosis

14

What is the joint classification for the uncinate process-lateral groove articulation?

Modified synovial saddle (diarthrosis sellar)

15

What is the joint classification for the spongy bone-intervertebral disc articulation?

Cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) symphysis

16

How many joints are present on the upper surface of a typical vertebral body?

Five

17

How many joints are present on the lower surface of a typical cervical vertebral body?

Five

18

How many joint surfaces are present on the vertebral body of a typical cervical?

Ten

19

How many synovial joint surfaces are present on the vertebral body of a typical cervical?

Four

20

What other terms are used to identify the uncinate process?

unciform process, uncovertebral process, uncus, lateral lip

21

What is the name given to the uncinate-lateral groove articulation?

Joint of luschka or uncovertebral joint

22

The joint of luschka is formed from what surfaces?

The uncinate process and lateral grooves

23

What muscle attaches to the typical cervical vertebral body?

The longus colli muscle

24

What is the orientation and angulation of the pedicle of a typical cervical?

Posterolateral, 45 degrees

25

What is the direction of projection of the cervical lamina?

Posteromedially

26

What ligament attaches to the lamina of a typical cervical?

Ligamentum flavum

27

Ossification of the ligamentum flavum at the attachment site on the lamina will result in what feature?

Para-articular processes

28

Which is greatest diameter of the vertebral foramen of typical cervicals?

Transverse

29

The greatest transverse diameter of the typical cervical vertebra occurs at ___?

C6

30

The greatest frequency of osteophytes associated with the vertbral body occurs at which typical cervical vertebral couple?

C5/C6

31

List in order, the osseous parts of the typical cervical vertebra transverse process beginning at the vertebral body?

Costal element, anterior tubercle, costotransverse bar, posterior tubercle, true transverse process

32

What muscles will attach to the anterior tubercle of a typical cervical vertebra?

Anterior scalene, longus capitis, longus colli, anterior intertransversarii

33

What muscles may attach to the posterior tubercle of a typical cervical vertebra?

Splenius cervicis, iliocostalis cervicis, longissimus cervicis, levator scapula, middle scalene, posterior scalene, rotators and posterior intertransversarii

34

What muscles will attach to the costotransverse bar?

Middle scalene and posterior intertransversarii

35

What is the name given to the modification of the anterior tubercle of the C6 transverse process?

The carotid tubercle

36

What will cause remodeling of the anterior tubercle of C6

The common carotid artery

37

What will occupy the typical cervical vertebra transverse foramen?

The vertebral artery, vertebral venous plexus and postganglionic sympathetic nerve fibers

38

What is the orientation of the typical cervical superior articular facet?

Backwards, Upwards, Medial (BUM)

39

What is the orientation of the typical cervical inferior articular facet?

Forward, Lateral Downward (FoLD)