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Flashcards in Bone Classification Deck (21):
1

What are the six more commonly used classifications of normal bone?

Long bones, short bones, irregular bone, flat bones, paranasal sinuses or pneumatic bones and sesamoid bones

2

What are the classifications given to abnormal bone stressed in spinal anatomy?

Accessory bone and Heterotopic bone

3

What is the name given to bone formed in a non-bone location

Heterotopic bone

4

What is the name given to bone formed from existing bone?

Accessory bone

5

What is the primary characteristic of short bones?

They are essentially cuboidal

6

What are examples of short bones?

Most of the bones of the carpus and tarsus

7

What are examples of flat bone?

Sternum and parietal bone

8

What is the characteristic of pneumatic bone?

Air space within the bone

9

What are examples of pneumatic bone?

Frontal, ethmoid, maxilla, sphenoid, temporal

10

What bones contain paranasal sinuses?

Frontal, ethmoid, sphenoid, maxilla

11

What are characteristics of a sesmoid bone?

the bone develops WITHIN a tendon

12

What are consistent examples of a sesamoid bone?

Patella and pisiform

13

What are examples of heterotopic bone?

Calcifications in the pineal gland, heart, ligaments

14

What are examples of accessory bone?

Para-articular processes and bony spurs of the vertebrae

15

What is the characteristic feature of a long bone?

It is longer than it is across (length greater than breadth)

16

What are the names given to the parts of a long bone?

The diaphysis (Shaft) and typically 2 epiphyses (extremities)

17

What are examples of long bones?

Humerus, radius, ulna, femur, tibia, and fibula

18

What are flat bone?

Thin layer of spongy bone is sandwiched between to layers of compact bone

19

What is the name given to the spongy bone of a skull?

Diploe

20

What is the characteristic of irregular bone?

Numerous projections or irregular outlines

21

What are examples of irregular bone?

The vertebrae and innominate bones