The Axial Skeleton Flashcards Preview

Spinal Anatomy > The Axial Skeleton > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Axial Skeleton Deck (20):
1

How many bones form the typical adult appendicular skeleton?

126 bones

2

How many bones form typical adult axial skeletons?

80 bones

3

What bones form the axial skeleton?

Skull, hyoid, vertebral column, sternum and ribs

4

What is the name given to the adult skull minus the mandible?

The cranium

5

What are the names given to the top of the adult skull?

The calvaria or calva

6

What are the categories of bone forming the typical adult skull?

The neurocranium, the facial skeleton (splanchnocranium or visceral cranium) and the auditory ossicles

7

What is the total number of bone forming the adult skull?

28 bones

8

How many bones form the typical adult neurocranium?

8

9

What bones form the facial skeleton?

Mandible, vomer, nasal, maxilla, lacrimal, inferior nasal concha, palatine and zygomatic

10

How many bones form the facial skeleton (splanchnocranium or visceral skeleton)?

14 bones

11

How many bone comprise the typical adult auditory ossicles?

6 bones (2 malleus, 2 incus, 2 stapes)

12

How many bones are present in the adult hyoid bone?

1 bone

13

What bones comprise the typical adult vertebral column or spinal column?

The cervical, thoracic, lumbar vertebrae, sacrum, and coccyx

14

What is the number of bones comprising each region of the typical adult spinal column or vertebral column?

7 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar vertebrae, 1 sacrum, 1 coccyx

15

What is the name given to the presacral region of typical adult vertebral column or spinal column

Spine

16

What is the total number of bones forming the typical adult spine?

24 bones

17

what is the definition of "spine" as it pertains to the vertebral column?

The presacral region of the vertebral column or spinal column

18

How many bones are present in the typical adult sternum?

1 bone

19

What regions are present in the typical adult sternum?

The manubrium sterni, the corpus sterni and xiphoid process

20

How many ribs are present in the typical adult skeleton?

12 pairs 24 ribs