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Flashcards in Italy Deck (385):
1

What is Nebbiolo known as in Ghemme & Gattinara?

Spanna

2

What are the 4 DOCs of Basilicata?

-Aglianico del Vulture
-Grottio di Roccanova
-Matera
-Terre dell'Alta Val d'Agri

3

What is Franciacorta Saten and how long must it be aged?

-White grapes only (Chard/ Pinot Bianco)
-Min 24 moths on the lees
-not released until 31 months after the harvest

4

What is vintage in Italian?

Millesimato

5

When was Bolgheri Sassicaia DOC established?

Beginning with the 1994 vintage

6

What is the capital of Campania?

Naples

7

Where is the Falerno del Massico DOC? What wines does it produce?

-Campania
-Rosso: Aglianico & Primitivo blends
-Bianco: Falanghina varietal wines

8

What is the main soil that characterizes the communes of La Morra and Barolo?

Tortonian soils- which contain a higher proportion of calcareous marl, and provide a softer style of wine

9

What is Lombardy's most important red wine zone?

Valtellina

10

What and where is the Malvasia delle Liparia DOC?

-Sweet, passito and fortified from Malvasia
-Small group of islands off the northern coast of Sicily

11

How does Guiseppe Quintarelli age his wines?

Large, neutral Slovonian butti

12

What are the Nebbiolo based DOCGs of Piedmont?

-Barolo
-Barbaresco
-Ghemme
-Gattinara
-Roero

13

When were Recioto and Amarone della Valpolicella approved for DOCG status?

Late 2009

14

What is the allowed blend of Valpolicella DOC?

-45-95% Corvina
-5-30% Rondinella
-Max 15% combined Molinara, Negrara and Oseleta
-Same for Amarone and Recioto

15

How many atmospheres are required for standard Franciacorta bottlings? For Saten?

-5-6
-Less than 5

16

What is the common bottle of Moscato di Scanzo?

Futura

17

What are the DOCGs of Lombardy?

-Franciacorta
-Oltrepo Pavese Metodo Classico
-Valtellina Superiore
-Sforzato di Valtellina
-Moscato di Scanzo

18

What portion of Trentino-Alto Adige's output is dominated by co-ops?

over 3/4

19

Where is Liguria located and what type of climate does it have?

-Occupies a narrow band of mountainous coastlands, south of Piedmont
-Mediterranean climate

20

What is the main grape and required aging of Torgiano Rosso Riserva DOCG?

-70-100% Sangiovese
-Min 3 years (6 months in btl)

21

What wine is classically used with the Bellini cocktail?

Prosecco

22

How long are the grapes of Recioto di Soave typically dried?

4-6 months

23

What zones of production may make Soave Superiore?

-Classico
-Colli Scaligeri

24

What are the two notable Nebbiolo craftsmen also making serious Alta Langa DOCG wines?

-Fontanafredda
-Enrico Serafino

25

What is unique about the Cerasuolo di Vittoria DOCG?

It limits maceration time to keep the vibrant Cerasuolo 'cherry-red' color of the wine

26

Petit Rouge dominates which Vall d'Aosta DOC sub-appellations?

-Torrette
-Chambave
-Enfer d'Arvier

27

What are the Roero DOCGs based on?

Roero DOCG
-Min 95% Nebbiolo

Roero Arneis DOCG
-Min 95% Arneis

28

What and where is the Brindisi DOC?

-Puglia
-Negroamaro

29

What traditional practice dating back to the 1870s in Chianti is now optional?

The addition of white grapes- Trebbiano Toscano and Malvasia

30

What is Pignoletto?

-An autochthonous variety known to the Romans as 'Pino Lieto'
-Most likely identical to Umbria's Grechetto

31

True or False: Barolo can be aged in chestnut

True

32

What province are Barolo and Barbaresco located in? Which river are they alongside?

-Cuneo
-South of the Tanaro River

33

What is Prie?

A synonym for Blanc de Morgex

34

What grape is responsible for the still and sparkling wines of La Salle?

Blanc de Morgex
(Blanc de Morgez et de La Salle)

35

How long must Chianti be aged and what sub-zones must be aged longer?

-Normale- Until March 1
-Montepertoli- June 1
-Superiore, Colli Fiorentini, Rufina- Sept 1
-Riserva- 24 m, 12.5% abv
-Superiore- additional .5% abv

36

What are the Nebbiolo based DOCs of Piedmont?

-Lange- surrounds Barolo/Barbaresco
-Carema- near the border of Valle d'Aosta

Near Chemme/Gattinara:
-Lessona
-Sizzano

37

What DOC is the largest producer of wine in Italy?

Asti at 650,000 hl annually

38

What DOCG is based on the high-acid, herbal scented Erbaluce grape? What styles of wine may it be produced as?

-Erbaluce di Caluso DOCG
-Still, spumante or passito

39

What method of secondary fermentation does Asti/Moscato d'Asti usually go through?

Charmat Method

40

Where is the Valpolicella Classico region located?

-The western end of the appellation, near the shores of Lake Garda
-Consists of four 'fingers' or valleys

41

What is Piedmont's most planted white grape?

Moscato Bianco (Muscat a Petits Grains)

42

What is Sicily's sole DOCG? What is the uvaggio?

-Cerasuolo di Vittoria DOCG
-50-70% Nero d'Avola
-30-50% Frappato

43

Can Conegliano Valdobbiadene Prosecco and Asolo Prosecco DOCG be still or sparkling?

Yes

44

What range of styles can Albana di Romagna be?

-Secco
-Amabile
-Dolce
-Passito (most promising)
-Passito Riserva

45

Where is Euganei Fior d'Arancio DOCG and what is the main varietal?

-Veneto
-Moscato Giallo
-Tranquillo (secco or dolce)
-Spumante
-Passito

46

What are the three prominent white varietals of Campania?

-Fiano
-Greco
-Flanghina

47

Where is Aglianico del Taburno DOCG and what is the required varietal percentage?

-Campania
-Min 85% Aglianico

48

What is the capital of Latium?

Rome

49

When did Marquis Mario Rocchetta's Tenuta San Guido release the first vintage of Sassicaia?

1968

50

What region of Italy produces the most wine?

-Veneto
-Swaths of cheap pinot Grigio and sparkling wines

51

What portion of the wines of Veneto are of DOC quality?

Over 1/4

52

What narrow waterway separates Sicily from Calabria?

Straight of Messina

53

What is Nebbiolo known as in Valtellina?

Chiavanesca

54

Describe the climate of Valle d'Aosta.

A continental climate with long, cold winters and short, hot summers

55

Where is Gavi located?

Piedmont- the extreme southern portion of the Alessandria province, sharing its western border with Ovada

56

Where is the Bianco di Custoza DOC?

-Veneto
-Surrounded by the Bardolino DOC

57

What are the rosato versions of Montepulciano called?

Cerasuolo

58

What is Abruzzo's sole DOCG?

Montepulciano d'Abruzzo Colline Teraman DOCG
-Essentially Montepulciano d'Abruzzo's classic zone
-Min 90% Montepulciano (vs. min 85% for DOC)

59

What producers of Sicily have led the resurgence of higher quality/ lower yields in recent years?

-Marco de Bartoli (Marsala)
-Planeta
-Palari
-COS

60

Is Tuscan Vin Santo fortified?

-It is not required
-Labeled 'liquorso' if it is

61

What is Vesuvio DOC called if it achieves a 12% abv? Where is it located?

-'Lacryma Christi del Vesuvio'
-Campania

62

Where is Cannellino di Frascati DOCG and what style of wine is produced?

-Lazio
-Late harvest Malvasia

63

Where is Est! Est! Est! di Montefiascone DOC and what is the principal grape?

-Lazio
-Trebbiano

64

What central provinces of Emilia-Romagna are monopolized by Lambrusco?

Modena & Reggiano

65

What is the aging requirement for Barbaresco? Riserva?

Normale:
-Min 2 years (9 m in cask)
Reserva:
-Min4 years (9 m in cask)

66

What 4 DOCs produce Lambrusco in Emilia-Romagna?

-Lambrusco Grasparossa di Castelvetro
-Lambrusco di Sorbara
-Lambrusco Reggiano
-Lambrusco Salamino di Santa Croce

67

What province is Brunello di Montalcino in?

Siena

68

How long must Alta Langa be aged? Riserva?

Normale:
-Min 30 months after harvest
Riserva:
-Min 36 months after harvest

69

Name 3 tradionalist producers in Barolo.

-Giacomo Conterno
-Bartolo Mascarello
-Giuseppe Rinaldi

70

When was the DOCG introduced?

1963- although the first DOCG was not awarded until 1980 when Barolo, Brunello and Vino Nobile di Montepulciano were upgraded

71

Where is the Faro DOC and what grape dominates it?

-Sicily's extreme northeastern coast
-Nerello Mascarello

72

What is Guarnaccia and where is it grown?

-A Grenache variant
-ischia DOC, in the Bay of Naples

73

What are the important permitted white varieties for the Trentino DOC?

-Chardonnay
-P Grigio
-P bianco
-Muller-Thurgau
-SB

74

What is the uvaggio of Soave DOC?

min 70% Garganega, plus Trebbiano di Soave, Chard and Pinot Bianco

75

What 2 valleys are located in the eastern portion of the Valpolicella DOC?

-Valpantena
-Issali

76

Where and what is the Costa d'Amalfi DOC?

-Campania
-Flaanghina, blended with Biancolella

77

Where is Abruzzo located?

South of the Marche, along the Adriatic coast

78

What grape of Calabria has been linked to Sangiovese?

Gaglioppo

79

Describe the wines Barbera produces.

High acidity, low in tannin

80

What is Zibibbo?

A synonym for Muscat of Alexandria on Sicily

81

What percentage is required from the stated vintage and of the Prosecco grape to be DOCG?

-85% min for both

82

What grapes are permitted for Franiacorta?

-Chard
-Pinot Nero
-Pinot Bianco (max 50%)

83

Where is the Marches located?

East of Umbria, on the Adriatic coast

84

What DOC is for still wines from Oltrepo Pavese Metodo Classico?

Oltrepo Pavese DOC

85

What grape produces Orvieto? In what styles?

-Grechetto (a new uvaggio engineered in 2003 to focus away from Trebbiano)
-Generally dry, but may be sweet or even botrytized

86

What is the aging requirement for Franciacorta non-vintage?

-min 18 months on lees
-not released until 25 months after harvest

87

What is the sole DOC of Valle d'Aosta?

Valle d'Aosta DOC (it has 7 sub-appellations)

88

Name 3 traditional Brunello producers

-Biondi-Santi
-Talenti
-Soldera

89

How long must Vino Nobile di Montepulciano be aged?

-min 2 years (1 in wood)
Riserva:
-min 3 years

90

Who spearheaded the orange wine movement in Friuli?

Josko Gravner

91

What is Tai?

A synonym for Friulano

92

What soil characterizes the province of Orvieto?

Tuffeau

93

What prvince is Vino Nobile di Montepulciano in?

Siena

94

What ancient grape, and parent of Teroldego, is one of Trentino's major red grapes?

Marzemino

95

What grape dominates white plantings in Calabria?

-Greco
-White grapes account for less than 10% of Calabrian wine

96

What grape dominated the reds and rosatos of the Ciro DOC and where is it located?

-Gaglioppo
-Calabria

97

What is the grape of Recioto di Gambellara DOCG and what styles can be produced?

-100% Garganega
-Sweet, still and sparkling

98

What are the two DOCgs of Valtellina?

(Lombardy)
-Valtellina Superiore
-Sforzato di Valtellina (Valtellina Sfurzat)

99

For how long must Amatone Riserva be aged?

4 years (no wood required)

100

T o F- Franciacorta Saten may only be released as brut?

True

101

What are the permitted sweetness levels for Franciacorta?

-Dosaggio Zero
-Extra Brut
-Brut
-Extra Dry
Not permitted for Millesimato or Riserva:
-Sec
-Demi-Sec

102

What is Moscadello di Montalcino DOC for?

-White wines produced from Moscadello (Moscato Bianco)
-Often sweet
-Still or sparkling

103

Where is the Falesco Estate located and what is it known for?

-Montefiascone in Latium
-Merlot and Cabernet

104

What is the most planted red grape in Puglia?

Negroamaro

105

What is Basilicata's sole DOCG?

Aglianio del Vulture Superiore DOCg

106

What are the requirements for Aglianico del Superiore DOCG?

-min 13% anv
-min 3 years (1 in wood)

Riserva:
-min 5 years (2 in wood)

107

What are Umbria's DOCGs?

-Sagrantino di Montefalco DOCG
-Torgiano Rosso Riserva DOCG

108

How long must Sagrantino di Montefalco be aged for?

min 30 months
-Secco- min 12 months in wood

109

Where is Morellino di Scansano DOCG located?

Tuscany, in the southern Maremma, in the province of Grosseto

110

What is the aging requirement for Soave Superiore?

-1 year (3 months in bottle)
-Riserva- min 2 years

111

How long must Montepulciano d'Abruzzo Colline Teramane DOCG be aged?

-min 2 years (1 in wood)
-Riserva- min 3 years

112

Where is the Gambellara DOC?

Veneto, immediately east of Soave

113

What is sforzato?

A style similar to recioto, produced from Nebbiolo grapes that are dried to release no more than half the equivalent content of freshly harvested grapes

114

How many sori are classified for Diano d'Alba and what must also be included on the label?

-77 sori are classified as superior exposures
-'menzioni gregrafiche aggiunitive'

115

What are the unofficial sub-zones of Brunello di Montalcino?

-Sant Angelo in Colle
-Castelnuovo Abate
-Torrenieri

116

How many hectares of Montalcinos 24,000 are authorized to grow Brunello?

5,000 ha

117

What is the blend of Ghemme?

min 75% Spanna, combined with max 25% Vespolina and Uva Rara (Bonarda Novarese)

118

What is the blend of Gattinara?

min 90% Spanna, combined with max 10% Bonarda di Gattinara and Vespolina (may not exceed 4%)

119

Where is the Rosazzo DOCG and what is the main grape?

-Fiuli (formerly a sub-zone of Colli Orientali del Friuli Picolit DOCG)
-Based on Tai (Friulano)

120

What are the 6 provinces of Chianti?

-Firenze
-Siena
-Arezzo
-Prato
-Pisa
-Pistoia

121

What in Bombino?

A synonym for Trebbiano d'Abruzzo

122

What is Bardolino Chiaretto?

Bardolino DOC rosato

123

Where is the Ischi DOC and what are the wines?

-Campania, offshore in the Bay of Naples
-Bianco: Foraster and Biancolella blends
-Rosso: Piedirosso and Guarnaccia

124

T or F- Werdiccho can produce sweet or sparkling wine are the DOCG level in the Marches?

False- still dry only for DOCg, sweet and sparkling may be DOC

125

What is a sori?

A southern exposure, considered superior

126

What barrels are used in Vin Santo production?

-Caratelli
-Holds just 50 liters (13 gallons)

127

What sub-zone of Chianti requires a min 75% Sangiovese?

Colli Senesi

128

What are the important Barolo commune crus?

-Barolo Cannubi
-Brunate (shared with La Morra)
-Barolo Sarmazza

129

What does 'stagafassli' mean on a bottle of Vatellina Superiore?

The wines were bottled in the neighboring territory of Switzerland

130

What Vin Santo DOC is the majority of export?

Vin Santo del Chianti DOC

131

What and where is the Rosso Barletta DOC?

-Puglia
-Uva di Troia

132

Who is the greatest Vin Santo producer?

Avigonesi
-Vin Santo di Montepulciano

133

When and what was the Gloria's Law?

-1992
-Introduced the IGT category

134

Where and what is the Greco di Bianco DOC?

-Calabria
-Greco, principally produces sweet wines via partial appassimento

135

What DOC does Palari release wine under?

Faro DOC (Nerello Mascalese)

136

What is Gallura's climate and soil like?

Gallura is a hot, high-elevation zone with poor, rocky, granite soils

137

Where is Nuragus di Cagliari DOC?

-Sardinia
-Nuragus produces tart, appley wines

138

What are the DOCGs of Soave?

Soave Superiore DOCG
Recioto di Soave DOCG

139

Where is the Bregaze DOC and what is produced there?

-Veneto, NW of Verona
-Varietal dry wines from both local and international varieties

140

How many hectoliters of sparkling wine are produced from the Prosecco grape?

over 1 million

141

What are the two DOCGs for the Prosecco grape?

-Cogngeliano Valdobbiadene Prosecco DOCG
-Asolo Prosecco DOCG (formerly known as Prosecco Montello e Colli Asolani)

142

Where is the Offida DOCG and what wines does it produce?

(promoted in 2011)
-Marches
-Rosso: Montepulciano
-Varietal wines: Pecorino or Passerina

143

Where is Conero Rosso Riserva DOCG and what is its uvaggio?

-The Marche coast
-Min 85% Montepulciano, max 15% Sangiovese

144

Where does Dogliani's fame stem?

Luigi Einaudi (producer) was elected as the second president of the Italian Republic in 1948

145

Where and what is the Melissa DOC?

-Calabria
-Greco

146

Where is the Greco di Tufo DOCG? What is the uvaggio?

-Campania, north of Fiano di Avellino
-min 85% Greco, max 15% Coda di Volpe

147

Describe the Vin Santo production process.

-Grape are hung from rafters to dry, usually until Dec. 1
-Slow fermentation and aging in caratelli barrels
-For 2-3 years, depending on the style
-Chestnut is traditionally used, for rapid oxidation
-Modern producers have switched to oak
-Barrels are never topped
-Alcohol is concentrated through evaporation, and gain amber hue
-Final style may be dry or sweet, depends on the length of appassimento
-May be fortified and labeled as 'liquoroso'

148

Who is Torgiano's largest producer and whey are they important?

-Lungarotti Faily
-They were instrumental in the elevation of Torgiano Rosso Riserva to DOCG in 1990

149

What are the communes of production of Barbaresco?

Contentrated in these 3:
-Barbaresco
-Neive
-Treiso
Also permitted:
-San Rocco Senodelvio (Part of Alba)

150

What is required to label Valpolicella 'Superiore'?

-an additional 1% abv
-a min 1 year of aging

151

What percentage of a stated vintage is required for Franciacorta Millesimato?

-min 85%

152

How long must Franciacorta Vintage Riserva be aged?

-min 5 years on the lees
-released after 67 months

153

What are the four DOCGs of Apulia?

(all promoted in 2011)
-Castel del Monte Nero di Troia Riserva
-castel del Monte Bombino Nero
-Castel del Monte Rosso Riserva
-Primitivo di Manduria Dolce Naturale

154

Which authorized varietal is usually bottled as rose in Valle d'Aosta?

Premetta

155

What percentage of Corvinone may be substituted for Corvina in Amarone and Recioto DOCG?

up to 50%

156

What is the capital of Lambardy?

Milan

157

What is the difference between Amarone and Recioto della Valpolicella?

-Both dried for over 3 months (Recioto typically for a month longer)
-Recioto is usually semi sweet to sweet
-Amarone is fermented to or near to dryness

158

What is the aging requirements to Recioto and Amarone della Valpolicella DOCG?

Recioto:
-none

Amarone:
-min 2 years (Jan 1)
-riserva- 4 years (Nov 1 of harvest)

159

What are the DOCGs of the Veneto?

-Soave Superiore
-Recioto di Soave
-Conegliano Valdobbiadene Prosecco
-Asolo Prosecco
-Bardolino Superiore
-Amarone della Valpolicella
-Piave Malanotte
-Lison (shared w/ Friuli)
-Colli Euganei Fior d'Arancio
-Friularo di Bagnoli
-Montello Rosso
-Recioto di Gambellara
-Recioto della Valpolicella

160

Who discovered Marsala?

-An Englishman, John Woodhouse, in 1773
-He fortified the wine to ensure a safe shipment to his home country from Sicily

161

What international varieties have attributed to IGT Sicilia's success?

Cabernet & Syrah

162

What are the major geographical features of Piedmont?

The Apennine and Alp mountain ranges and the Po River

163

What are Abruzzo's two premiere producers and what do they release their wines as?

-Edoardo Valentini
-Emilio Pepe (naturalistic)
-Simply as Montepulciano d'Abruzzo

164

What is Moscato di Scanzo DOCG and where is it located?

-Surrounds the town of Gergamo, west of Franciacorta
-Sweet, passito red wine from a red Moscato grape

165

What are the important Barolo crus of the Serralunga d'Alba commune?

-Serralunga-Lazzarito
-Serralunga-Cerretta

166

What is Chiavanesca?

A synonym for Nebbiolo in Valtellina (Lombardy)

167

What percentage of Pinot Nero is required for Franciacorta Rose? Can it be made by blending or saignee method?

-min 25 % Pinot Nero
-Blending only

168

What is the most heavily planted grape on Sicily?

Cataratto

169

What white wine grapes are important for the Alto-Adige DOC?

-Chard
-PG
-PB
-Muller Thurgau
-SB
-Gewurztraminer
-Sylvaner

170

What is Pigato?

A synonym for Vermentino in Liguria

171

What 3 grapes are used in the production of Marsala?

-Inzolia
-Grillo
-Cataratto

172

What 5 communes are in the Valpolicella Classico region?

-Fumane
-Marano
-Negrar
-Sant'Ambrogio
-San Pietro in Cariano

173

What is Sardinia's sole DOCG?

Vermentino di Gallua DOCG

174

Describe the wines that Dolcetto produces.

Rustic framed, tannic, fruity wines with low acid

175

What is the main grape of Colli Orientali del Priuli Picolit DOCG and what style?

-Picolit
-Passito

176

Describe Vin Santo of Tuscany

-high alcohol
-almond and honey toned

177

What grapes are used to make Vin Santo?

-Trebbiano and Malvasia (Grechetto is sometimes authorized)
-Rose- min 50% Sangiovese added to the white grapes (labeled as 'Occhio di Pernice')

178

What does 'Occhio di Pernice' mean on a Vin Santo label?

Rose

179

What abv is required for Valpolicella Ripasso DOC?

-min 12.5%
-Superiore- 13%

180

Where is the Bardolino DOC located?

-Veneto
-Between Valpolicella Classico and the eastern shores of Lake Garda

181

What portion of Trentino-Alto Adige's wine is DOC?

As of 2000, over 75%

182

How do the wines of Valtellina compoare to Piedmont Nebbiolo?

Lighter and more angular

183

Where is the highly regarded Fattoria Selvapiana located?

-Pomino DOC (Tuscany)
-Located within Rufina

184

Where is the Valdadige DOC?

A multi-regional DOC that encapsulates Trentino-Alto Adige and Verona in the Veneto

185

What Lambrusco DOC lies in Lombardy?

Lambrusco Montovano DOC

186

What does Piedmont mean?

'The foot of the mountains'

187

What are the sparkling wine DOCGs of the Veneto?

-Recioto di Soave
-Recioto di Gambellara
-Recioto della Valpolicella
-Conegliano Valdobbiadene Prosecco
-Asolo Prosecco
-Colli Euganei Fior d'Arancio

188

What river carved the Valle d'Aosta?

Dora Baltea River

189

What are Friuli's most relevant and quality minded DOCs of its ten?

-Collio (Collio Goriziano)
-Colli Orientali del Friuli
-Grave del Friuli

190

What grapes dominate the Bolgheri DOC? How long must Superiore be aged and what is the min abv?

Rosso:
-Cab, Merlot, Sangiovese (max 70% individually)

Bianco:
-Vermentino (Sauvignon and Trebbiano also allowed)

Superiore:
-Min 2 years (1 year in wood)
-Min 12.5% abv

191

What are the sub zones of Chianti?

-Rufina
-Colli Fiorentini
-Monespertoli
-Colli Aretini
-Colline Pisane
-Colli Senesi
-Montalbano

192

What are the aging requirements for Barolo normale? Riserva?

Normale:
-38 months from Nov 1 of the year of harvest (18 m in oak or chestnut)

Riserve:
-62 months from Nov 1 of the year of harvest (18 m in oak or chestnut)

193

When was the recipe for Chianti DOCg upgraded from 70-100%?

-1996
-But as of 2009 only 70% is required

194

What indigenous Latium grape has its own DOCG?

-Cesanese
-Cesanese del Piglio DOCG

195

What is the main soil that characterizes the communes of Monforte d'Alba and Serralunga d'Alba?

Helvetian sandstone soils, they supply more structure in the wines

196

What type of climate is Piedmont?

A continental climate and the Alps provide a rainshadow effect

197

Who is credited for isolating and creating the first Brunello? When was it released? When was the first Brunello Riserva released?

-Clemente Santi of Tenuta Greppo's Biondi-Santi in 1865
-He released the first Riserva in 1888

198

How long must Brunello be aged?

-Min 2 years in wood (4 m in btl)
-Not released until Jan 1 of the 5th year following harvest

Riserva:
-min 2 years in wood (6m in btl)
-Not released until Jan 1 of the 6th year following harvest

199

T or F- Veneto's Prosecco DOC extends into Friuli

True

200

What red grapes may be used to produce varietal wines in Liguria's Riviera Ligure di Ponente DOC?

-Ormeasco (Dolcetto)
-Sangiovese
-Rossese (Local red)

201

Where is Lazio located?

South of Tuscany and Umbria on the Tyrrhenian coast

202

Where is Umbria located?

East of Tuscany, land locked

203

What are the important indigenous white grapes grown in Piedmont?

-Moscato Bianco (Muscat a Petit Grains)
-Cortese
-Arneis
-Erbaluce
-Favorita (Vermentino)

204

Where is Collio Goriziano DOC?

Friuli (aka Collio)

205

What is the classic pairing for Lambrusco?

Cured meats

206

What is the name of Ca' Del Bosco's prestige cuvee?

Annamaria Clementi

207

What is the most important white grape in Liguria?

Pigato

208

Where is Rosso della Val di Cornia DOCG?

-Surrounds Bolgheri
-Promoted in 2011
-Based on Sangiovese with higher proportions of Merlot and Cab Sauv

209

Where is the Suvereto DOCG and what is it?

-Formerly a sub-zone of Val di Cornia DOCG
-Borders Bolgheri
-Promoted in 2011
-Based on CS or Merlot

210

What do the Superiore versions of Dogliani and Dolcetto d'Alba stipulate?

A heightened level of alcohol

211

What are the important Barolo crus of the La Morra commune?

-Brunate (shared with Barolo)
-La Morra- Cerequio
-La Morra- Le Rocche

212

What is the capital of Piedmont?

Turin

213

Where is the Ramondolo DOCG and what is the main grape/style?

-Friuli
-Verduzzo Friulano (Bianco)
-Passito

214

What are the 4 DOCs of Molise?

-Biferno
-Molise
-Tintila del Molise
-Pentro di Isernia

215

What is much of Puglia's mass production devoted to?

Vermouth, bulk blending, or distillate

216

What is Vermentino known as in Liguria?

Pigato

217

What are the required atmospheres of pressure for Prosecco spumante and frizzante?

-Spumante- min 3.5
-Frizzante- 1-2.5

218

What is the Gavi DOCG based on? What style can be produced?

-Cortese
-Still
-Spumante or Frizzante

219

What is Conegliano Valdobbiadene Prosecco's most noteworthy cru and how is it labeled? What is required?

-Cartizze
-'Valdobbiadene Superiore di Cartizzze'
-Fully sparkling, generally dry, with 17-35 gr RS

220

What percentage of the production of Emilia Romagna is DOC?

barely 15%

221

What is the Trentino-Alto Adige synonym(s) for Trollinger?

Tretino: Schiava
Alto Adige: Vernatsch

222

Where is the Vernaccia di Serrapetrona DOCG and what style of wines does it produce?

-Marche, inland
-Sparkling reds (dry or sweet)
-min 40% of grapes must be passito

223

Where is the Lacrima di Moro d'Alba DOC and what style of wines does it produce?

-Marche
-Lacrima (rosso)- heady, floral, PN like character

224

What are the Barbaresco crus of the Treiso commune?

-Treiso-Pajore
-Bricco di Treiso

225

What are the major differences for the Chianti Classico DOCG?

-min 80% Sangiovese
-As of 2006, no white grapes are permitted
-min 12% abv (11.5 for Chianti)
-Must be aged for 1 year

226

Where is the Castelli Romani DOC and what are the grapes?

-Lazio
-Trebbiano and Malvasia

227

What is the traditional dessert wine DOC of Tuscany?

Vin Santo

228

What geographical features moderate Umbria's climate?

-Lies in the rain shadow of the Apennines
-The climate is moderated by the maritime winds from the Tyrrhenian Sea

229

What are the DOCGs of Tuscany?

-Chianti
-Chianti Classico
-Carmignano
-Morellino di Scansano
-Brunello di Montalcino
-Vino Nobile di Montepulciano
-Vernaccia diSan Gimignano
-Elba Aleatico Passito
-Montecucco Sangiovese
-Suvereto
-Rosso della Val di Cornia

230

How long must Moscato di Scanzo DOCG be aged?

A min 2 years (no wood required)

231

Where is the Primitivo di Manduria DOC?

-Puglia
-100% Primitivo

232

What are the 7 sub-appelations of the Vall d'Aosta DOC?

-Arnad-Montjovet
-Blanc de Morgex et de la Salle
-Chambrave
-Donnas
-Enfer d'Arvier
-Nus
-Torette

233

What is generally considered the best cru in the village of Barolo?

Cannubi

234

Where is the Piave Malanotte DOCG located and what is the main grape? What is the secondary grape? What is required of the winemaking process?

-Veneto
-Raboso Piave (rosso)
-Max 30% Raboso Veronese
-15-30% must be appassimento

235

What are the important Barolo crus of the Castiglione Falletto commune?

-Castiglione-Bricco Rocche
-Castiglione-Monprivato
-Castiglione-Vilero
-Castiglione-Bricco Fiasco

236

What are Friuli's DOCGs?

-Ramandolo
-Colli Orientali del Friuli-Picolit
-Lison (shared w/ Veneto)
-Rosazzo

237

What are the DOCGs of Trentino-Alto Adige?

It contains none

238

Where is Friularo di Bagnoli DOCG and what is the main grape?

-Veneto
-Raboso Piave

239

Where and what is Salice Salentino DOC?

-Puglia
-Rosso/rosato- Negroamaro
-Bianco- Chard/ PB

240

What is Sardinia's premiere red grape?

Cannonau (Grenache)

241

True or False- Primitivo di Manduria DOC styles range from secco to dolce

False- with the advent of Primitivo di Manduria Dolce Naturale DOCG DOC wines cannot be sweet

242

What is the varietal makeup of Gambellara DOC?

Garganega with a max 20% Trebbiano di Soave and Trebbiano di Toscana

243

When di Valpolicella Ripasso receive its own DOC?

2009

244

What is the Franciacorta style DOCG of Piedmont?

Alta Langa DOCG
-Promoted in 2010
-Only became a DOC in 2002
-Based on PN and Chard

245

What red DOC is produced in the Orvieto province?

Lago di Corbara DOC

246

What 3 provinces are in the hills of Monferrato and Langhe?

Asti, Alessandria, and Cuneo

247

What grape has Aleatico been genetically linked to?

Muscat a Petit Grains- possibly a red skinned mutation

248

How many communes may Barolo be produced in? What are the most important?

-11 communes
-These 5 account for 90% of the demarcated land:
-La Morra
-Barolo
-Serralunga d'Alba
-Monforte d'Alba
-Castiglione Falletto

249

How does Friuli rank amongst Italy's regions for DOC production?

3rd
Behind Trentino-Alto Adige and Piedmont

250

What 3 regions make up Tre-Venezie?

-Veneto
-Trentino-Alto Adige
-Friuli-Venezia-Giulia

251

What is the only dessert wine to receive a DOCG?

Elba Aleatico Passito DOCG

252

What is Tuscany's sole white DOCG?

Vernaccia di San Gimignano

253

What is Marzemino?

An ancient red grape and parent of Teroldego, plays a major role in Trentino DOC varietal wines

254

What are the DOCs that highlight Pigato in Liguria?

-Colli di Luni
-Riviera Ligure di Ponente

255

What are the DOCGs of Piedmont?

-Barolo
-Barbaresco
-Ghemme
-Gattinara
-Roero
-Barbera del Monferrato Superiore
-Barbera d'Asti
-Dogliani
-Dolcetto di Ovada Superiore
-Brachetto d'Acqui
-Ruche di Castagnole Monferrato
-Gavi
-Erbaluce di Caluso
-Asti/ Moscato d'Asti
-Alta Langa

256

What DOC covers the entire island of Sardegna?

Cannonau di Sardegna DOC

257

What are the important Barbaresco crus in the Neive commune?

-Neive-Serraboella
-Neive-Gallina
-Neive-Bassarin

258

What style may be labeled as Torgiano DOC?

-Varietal wines
-Rosso
-Bianco
-Spumante

259

What are Cannonau di Sardegna's three sub-zones?

-Oliena
-Jerzu
-Capo Ferrato

260

What is the major city of Alto-Adige?

Bolzano-Bozen

261

What are the important Barolo crus of the Monforte d'Alba commune?

-Monforte-Bussia
-Monforte-Ginestra
-Monforte- Santo Steffano

262

What is the premiere growing and historically important region for Schiava varietal wines in Alto Adige?

Santa Maddelena (St. Magdelener)

263

What is required for Bardolino Superiore?

-1 year aging
- +1% of alcohol

264

What styles are permitted for Brachetto d'Acqui?

-dry or sweet
-sparkling or still (increasingly rare)

265

Who released Franciacorta's first modern sparkling wine?

Guido Berlucchi in the 1960s

266

How long must Rosso di Montalcino DOC be aged?

1 year (no wood required)

267

What is Sant'Antimo DOC and when was it created?

-1996
-Provides Montalcino producers an outlet for 'Super Tuscan' wines
-Any grape (white or red) authorized in Tuscany may be used

268

What province is Taurasi DOCG located in?

Avellino, in the Irpinia area

269

When did Antinori release the first vintage of Tignanello?

1971

270

What 2 dessert wine DOCs from Zibibbo are on Sicily?

-Moscato di Nooto (exceedingly rare, 70 acres)
-Moscato di Siracusa (5 acres)
-Located in southeastern Sicily

271

What clone of Sangiovese is permitted in Vino Nobile di Montepulciano? And what is the blend?

-Prugnolo Gentile
-min 70%
-max 30% other Tuscan varieties (max 5% white varieties)

272

Name a modern and traditional producer of Sagrantino di Montefalco DOCG.

Modern- Marco Caprai
Traditional- Paolo Bea

273

What is the most important DOC of Molise?

Biferno DOC
-Rosso/rosato- Montepulciano & Aglianico blends
-Bianco- Trebbiano

274

What is the name of the ancient Campanian wine and what was the main grape?

-Falernian
-Aminean grape (thought to be Greco)

275

What province is Chianti Classico DOCG in?

Firenze and Siena

276

What is grown on Europe's highest vineyards on the slopes of Mont Blanc?

Blanc de Morgex et de la Salle

277

What grape dominate the north of Sardinia? South?

North- Vermentino
South- Nuragus

278

When was Recioto di Gambellara promoted to DOCG?

2008

279

Where is the Roero DOCG located in correlation to Barolo and Barbaresco?

opposite the Tanaro River, on the North side

280

When did the EU Common Market Organization come online?

From 2008 to 2011, moving power from Rome to Brussels

281

Describe the wines of Colli Bolognesi Classico Pignoletto DOCG.

tart, dry varietal wines produced from the Pignoletto grape in an area stretching southward from Bologna

282

Where are Ghemme and Gattinara located?

Northeast Piedmont, north of the Po River, straddling the Sesia River

283

How long must Verdicchio di Metalica Riserva DOCG and Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva DOCG be aged? What % of Verdicchio is required?

Both- min 18 m
Both- min 85% Verdicchio

Both can be released normale as DOC

284

What grapes dominate the Etna DOC?

Rosso- Nerello Mascalese
Bianco- Carricante

285

When did the first IGTs appear?

Introduced in 1992 with the Goria's Law
-The first IGT didn't appear until 1994

286

Who is credited in Friuli for adopting the techniques from Germany and Austria in the 1960s?

Mario Schiopetto

287

How long must Taurasi DOCG be aged?

Normale- 3 years (1 yr wood)
Riserva- 4 years (18 m wood)

288

name 2 modern Amarone producers utilizing new barriques to add spice and density to the wines

-Dal Forno
-Allegrini

289

What are the difference between Asti and Moscato d'Asti?

-Asti is a fully sparkling wine, blended from vast vineyards across southern Piedmont

-Moscato d'Asti is rarer, more artisanal
-Max allowed pressure was raised from 1.7 to 2 atmospheres in 2011
-Frizzante rather than spumante
-Made from riper Moscato Bianco grapes
-ABV 4.5-6.5%

290

Where are Verdicchio di Metalica nd Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio located respectively?

Metalica- high altitude, further inland
di Jesi- NE, on the Adriatic coast, within the Conero DOCG zone

291

What is the grape and sole producer of Breganze Torcolato DOC of the Veneto?

-100% Vespaiolo- local, acidic white
-Fausto Maculan

292

What is the capital of Umbria?

Perugio

293

What are the sub-zones of Valtellina?

-Valgella
-Inferno
-Grumello
-Sassella
-Maroggia

294

Name 2 traditionalist Barbaresco producers

-Bruno Giacosa
-Produttori del Barbaresco

295

What are the 4 original villages delimited in the now Chianti Classico zone by Grand Duke Cosimo Ill de'Medici in 1716?

-Radda
-Gaiole
-Castellina
-Greve

296

What are the following requirements of Sforzato di Valtellina: Aging? Style? Min abv?

-Aged for 2 years (1 in wood)
-Dry in character
-min 14% abv

297

What and where is the Alcamo Bianco DOC?

-Sicily
-Table wines from Cataratto

298

What is the governo process?

-Refermentation with juice of dried grapes to strengthen wine & initite malolactic fermentation-- legally permitted
-'Governo all'uso Toscano' must appear on the label
-Most quality minded producers avoid it

299

What region ranks last amongst Italy's wine regions for production?

Valle d'Aosta

300

Where is Colli Orientali del Friuli DOC?

Friuli

301

What brand catapulted Lambrusco into the international spotlight in the

Banfi's 'Riunite' brand

302

Name 3 modernist Barolo producers

-Paolo Scavino
-Luciano Sandrone
-Elio Altare

303

What is the capital of Marches

Ancona

304

What Chianti territory overlaps the low-altitude Carmignano? in what provinc

-Chianti Montalbano
-Prato

305

What unique process is used to make Amarone or Recioto?

Appassimento

306

What is the synonym for Nebbiolo in Valle d' Aosta?

Picontendro

307

What Valpolicella modernist is located in the eastern valley of Illasi?

Romano Dal Forno

308

Where is the Montello Rosso DOCG and what are the main grapes?

-Veneto
-Bordeaux grapes (including Carmenere)

309

What are the white DOCGs of Campania?

-Greco di Tufo
-Fiano di Avellino

310

When did Bolgheri receive DOC status? What color wines does it produce?

-1994
-Red, white, rosato

311

Where and what is the Sannio DOC?

-Campania
-Dry and sweet passito wines from Falanghina

312

What portion of Carmignano must be Sangiovese? What else is required?

-min 50% Sangiovese
-10-20% combined CF or CS

313

What are the DOCGs of the Marche?

-Vernaccia di Serrapetrona
-Conero Rosso Riserva
-Offida
-Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva
-Verdicchio di Metalica Riserva

314

What sub-appellations of Valle d'Aosta are dominated by Picotendro?

-Donnas
-Arnad-Montjovet

315

What is the main grape and required minimum for Oltrepo Pavese Metodo Classico?

-Pinot Nero
-Min 70%

316

Where is the Orvieto DOC?

-Umbria and Lazio
-Classico region is solely in Umbria

317

T or F- Recioto was developed as an extension of Valpolicella

-False- it was modern Valpolicella's precursor and a historical specialty of the region
-Today, it represents a small subset of the appellations production

318

What grapes dominate the Bardolino Superiore DOCG?

Corvina and Rondinella

319

What is the sole component of Dolceacqua DOC?

Rossese, it is also known as Rossese di Dolceacqua

320

Where is Lagrein native to? Where does it also thrive?

-Trentino
-Alto Adige

321

Where is the Soave DOC?

Borders the eastern edge of Valpolicella

322

What percentage is required to label Oltrepo Pavese Metodo Classico with 'Pinot Nero' or 'Pinot Nero Rose'?

min 85% PN

323

Can Recioto di Soave be botrytized?

Yes, it is encouraged

324

What is Ormeasco?

A synonym for Dolcetto in Liguria

325

T or F- most Recioto di Soave is stainless steel fermented

False- barrel fermentation is common

326

What is required to labe Vermentino di Gallura DOCG 'Superiore'?

Must show an additional 1% ABV-- min 13%

327

What respective areas may be labeled on Amarone and Recioto della Valpolicella?

-Classico
-Valpantena

328

Where and what is Campi Flegrei DOC?

-Campania
-Falanghina based wines

329

Where is Santa Maddelena DOC and what is it for?

-Alto Adige
-Schiava varietal wines

330

Where is the Teroldego Rotaliano DOC?

Trentino

331

Where is Traminer indigenous to?

Alto Adige

332

What are the aging requirements for Valtellina Superiore DOCG? Riserva?

-2 years (1 yr in oak)
-Riserva- 3 years (1 yr oak)

333

When was Albana di Romagna promoted to DOCG?

1987

334

What is Emilia Romagna's second DOCG, awarded in 2011?

Colli Bolognesi Classico Pignoletto DOCG

335

What are the important Barbaresco crus in the Barbaresco commune?

-Barbaresco-Asili
-Barbaresco-Roncagliette
-Barbaresco-Martinenga
-Barbaresco-Rabaja

336

Where is Casteller DOC and what is it for?

-Trentino
-Schiava blended with Merlot and Lambrusco grapes

337

What is Italy's second most planted grape?

-Montepulciano
-Most planted grape in Abruzzo

338

What is Schiava?

-It is the Italian synonym for Trollinger
-German speakers call it Vernatsch

339

What are the 3 100% Dolcetto DOCGs of Piedmont?

-Dogliani
-Dolcetto di Ovada Superiore (Ovada)
-Dolcetto Diano d'Alba (Diano d'Alba)

340

What is Picontendro?

A local synonym for Nebbiolo in Valle d'Aosta

341

Arrange these from North to South:
-Morelino di Scansano
-Carmignano
-Brunello di Montalcino
-Chianti Classico
-Vino Nobile di Montepulciano

-Carmignano
-Chianti Classico
-Vino Nobile
-Brunello
-Morellino

342

Describe the soil composition of the Monferrato and Langhe hills

Thinner, calcareous marl and sandstone soils with varying percentages of clay and sand

343

What is Vernatsch?

It is the German synonym for Trollinger
-Italian speakers call it Schiava

344

Describe the wines of Vermentino di Gallura DOCG

Aromatic, rich wines that may see oak, although fresher styles are more common

345

Name 2 modern Brunello producers

-Casanova di Neri
-Mastrojanni

346

Does Trentino Alto Adige produce more red or white wine?

More red

347

What are the indigenous red grapes of Piedmont?

-Nebbiolo
-Barbera
-Dolcetto
-Brachetto
-Grignolino
-Ruche
-Croatina
-Vespolina
-Freisa

348

What are Liguira's best known wines?

-Cinque Terre DOC- light, Bosco based white wines
-Despite advances in quality in other regions, these wines of Liguria are still the best known

349

What was the first still white wine to be promoted to DOCG in Piedmont?

Gavi

350

Which of the following may be spumante?
-Soave DOC
-Soave Superiore DOCG
-Recioto di Soave DOCG

-Soave DOC
-Recioto di Soave DOCG

351

What DOCs are located on the island of Pantelleria?

-Moscato di Pantelleria DOC
-Passito di Pantelleria DOC (Superior)

(near the African Coast)

352

What DOCG is located on the site of French Emperor Napolean's exile in 1814?

-Elba Aleatico Passito DOCG
-Isle of Elba

353

What style of wine is produced under the Elba Aleatico Passito DOCG?

-Sweet, red passito wines
-Promoted in 2011

354

How do the wines of Vino Nobile compare to Chianti or Brunello?

-Tend to be less firm than Chianti
-Tend to be less aggressively tannic than Brunello
-Striking a softer balance

355

What wine may not be released until the Feast of St. Michael (Sept 29) of the third year following the harvest?

Carmignano DOCG

356

What was Italy's first DOC?

-Vernaccia di San Gimignano
-1996

357

What is the historical style of Sangrantino di Montefalco?

Passito

358

Where is Vesuvio DOC located?

-Campania
-Blends based on Coda di Volpe and Verdeca

359

What is the DOCG in the hills of Monferrato based on the local Ruche grape?

Ruche di Castagnole Monferrato
-Promoted in late 2010

360

What is the sub-zone of Colli Orientali del Friuli Picolit DOCG?

Cialla

361

What are the 2 common soil types in Chianti Classico?

Galestro- soft, friable, marl-like (Sangio thrives on this)

Alberese- sandstone

362

What is Sudtirol?

The Austrian name for Alto Adige. It means South Tyrol. (tyrol is the southern province of Austria)

363

What are the DOCGs of Latium?

-Ceranese del Piglio
-Frascati Superiore
-Cannelino di Frascati

364

Where is the Frascati Superiore DOCG and what is the principal grape?

-Lazio
-Malvasia

365

What is the aging requirement for Collli Orientali del Friuli Picolit and Cialla DOCGs? Cialla Riserva?

Colli:
-1 yr (not released until Sept 1)
Cialla:
-2 yrs (not released until Sept 1)
-Riserva- 4 yrs (not released until Nov 1)

366

What are the Barbera based DOCGs of Piedmont?

-Barbera d'Asti
-Barbera del Monferrato Superiore

-Both are east of the Langhe in the hills of Monferrato

367

What are the blending and aging requirements of Barbera d'Asti and Barbera del Monferrato Superiore?

Both min 85% Barbera
D'Asti- 4 m (no wood required)
Del Monferrato- 14 m (6 m in cask)

368

What is the uvaggio of Morellino di Scansano and how long is it aged for?

-min 85% Sangiovese (aka Morellino)
-Normale- March 1
-Riserva- 2 yrs in barrel

369

When was Italy's DOC system introduced?

1963

370

What may Franciacorta producers release their still wines as?

-Curtefranca DOC (Formerlly Terre di Franciacorta)
-Sebino IGT

371

What soils characterize Montalcino?

-Galestro- higher altitude vineyards

-Clay- warmer, southern reaches

372

What DOCG is shared between the Veneto and Friuli-Venezia-Giulia ad what is the main grape?

-Lison DOCG
-Tai (Friulano)

373

What DOC accounts for most of Abruzzo's white wines?

Trebbiano d'Abruzzo DOC

374

What is the sparkling classification of Valpolicella?

Reciote della Valpolicella DOCG

375

What type of wine does Lagrein produce?

Denser, spicier wines

376

What is Dolcetto known as in Liguria?

Ormeasco

377

What two DOCs are reminiscent of the historical styles of Sardinia?

-Malvasia di Bosa DOC
-Vernaccia di Oristano DOC

378

What historical DOC may even be fortified and produced in a style reminiscent of Spanish Sherry?

Vernaccia di Oristano DOC

379

What is the major contrast of the DOC to the AOC system?

DOCs generally require aging, AOCs almost never stipulate

380

What is the major city of the Veneto?

Venice

381

What is Piedmont's most planted red grape?

Barbera

382

What are fruttai?

Special lofts used to dry grapes before fermentation, effectively concentrating sugars and extract

383

What DOC surrounds the Conero Rosso Riserva DOCG?

-Rosso Piceno DOC
-Lighter Sangio and Montepulciano blends

384

How many sub-varieties of Lambrusco are there?

Over 60

385

When can the wines of Carmignano DOCG be released?

The wine may not be released until the Feast of St. Michael (Sept 29) of the third year following harvest