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Flashcards in New Zealand Deck (109):
1

Who originally identified many of New Zealand's modern wine regions (with the exception of Marlbourough) and educated growers on the merits of grafting vines onto disease-resistant American rootstock?

Romeo Bragato- an Austrain viticulturist from Victoria

2

Who is Romeo Bragato?

An Austrain viticulturist from Victoria who originally identified many of New Zealand's modern wine regions (with the exception of Marlbourough) and educated growers on the merits of grafting vines onto disease-resistant American rootstock

3

What was "6 o'clock swill"?

An early closing hour for pubs instituted in both New Zealand and Australia during WWI (lasted until 1967 in New Zealand)

4

What was the most planted varietal in New Zealand in the 1960s?

Albany Surprise

5

When did wine shops of New Zealand legally begin selling wine?

1955

6

When did restaurants of New Zealand first gain the right to sell wine?

1960

7

When could a winery in New Zealand first gain the right to sell a glass of wine?

1976

8

When did the last 'dry' areas of New Zealand persist until?

1990s

9

When did New Zealand's government sponsor a vine-pull scheme?

1986

10

What is Montana known for in New Zealand?

Being the country's largest winery, establishing Marlborough's first commercial vineyard in 1973, releasing the country's first varietal wine (Gisborne Chard) and producing one of the first Sauv Blancs from Marlborough in 1979

11

What winery put Marlborough on the map? When did this winery launch?

Cloudy Bay; 1985

12

What is the worlds easternmost and southernmost winemaking country?

New Zealand

13

What mountain range runs through the South Island of New Zealand?

The Southern Alps

14

Which island of New Zealand is larger?

South Island

15

What is the southernmost wine region in the world?

Central Otago

16

What are the climatic differences between the North Island and the South Island?

The South Island sees a rain shadow effect from the Southern Alps whereas the North Island is less mountainous and generally much rainier

17

What is the New Zealand Winegrowers?

An organization formed in 2002 in which all of the producers from New Zealand are members. It was a joint initiative of the Grape Growers Council and the New Zealand Wine Institute

18

Who pioneered the Screwcap Initiative? When?

A group of New Zealand producers in 2001

19

Who was the first winery to release a New Zealand wine bottled with a screwcap?

Kim Crawford

20

What is the minimum for vintage or varietal if listed on a New Zealand label?

85% (Declaration of vintage and varietal is optional)

21

What is the minimum for region if stated on the label of a New Zealand wine?

It will eventually be 85%, but as of now the wine regions are unofficial

22

What is the northernmost (and smallest) area of production in New Zealand?

Northland

23

What is Waikato also known as?

Bay of Plenty

24

What are the most plated grapes of Auckland?

Chardonnay, Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon

25

What are the major wine regions of the North Island of New Zealand?

Northland, Auckland, Waikato/Bay of Plenty, Gisborne, Hawkes Bay and Wairarapa

26

What are the major wine regions of the South Island of New Zealand?

Nelson, Marlborough, Canterbury and Central Otago

27

Who now owns Montana?

It is under the Pernod Ricard NZ umbrella

28

What is the climate of Northland, Waikato and Auckland?

All three experience a moderate, rainy maritime climate. Rot and frost are the chief viticultural hazzards

29

What is the climate of Waiheke Island?

Sunny, dry climate, especially on the lower west side

30

Where is the bulk of North Island production concentrated?

Gisborne, Hawkes bay and Wairarapa

31

What is the second largest region of New Zealand?

Hawkes Bay

32

Which region on the North Island has the driest climate?

Hawkes Bay

33

What are the most planted grapes in Hawkes Bay?

Merlot, Cab Sauv, Pinot Noir, Cab Franc, Sauv Bland and Pinot Gris

34

What is Gimblett Gravels developing a reputation for?

Syrah and Bordeaux-style blends

35

What are the soils of Gimblett Gravels?

Deep shingle soils

36

What is Ngatarawa known for?

Merlot

37

What is Gisborne also known as?

Poverty Bay

38

What are the most poplar grapes of Gisborne?

Chard and Gewurz

39

What is the southernmost region on the North Island?

Wairarapa

40

What is the region of Wairarapa officially named?

Wellington

41

What are the most successful grapes of Wairarapa?

Pinot Noir and Sauv Blanc

42

What is the northernmost region on the South Island?

Nelson

43

What is New Zealand's sunniest wine producing region?

Nelson

44

What is the rainiest wine producing region on the South Island?

Nelson

45

What is the smallest wine producing region on the South Island?

Nelson

46

What are the most planted grapes of Nelson?

Chard, Sauv Blanc, Riesling and Pinot Noir

47

What is the most planted grape of Marlborough? What other grapes are planted?

Sauv Blanc; Pinot Noir, Chard, Pinot Gris and Riesling

48

What has Marlborough gained a reputation for outside of Sauvignon Blanc?

Traditional method sparkling wines

49

What is the general climate of Marlborough?

Cool nights with a dry, lengthy growing season

50

What is Waipara Valley known to produce?

Pinot Noir, Chardonnay, Riesling and Sauv Blanc

51

What is the world's most southernly region?

Central Otago

52

What is the only region in New Zealand to experience a true continental climate?

Central Otago

53

What wine region of New Zealand has the highest altitudes?

Central Otago

54

What is the most planted grape of Central Otago?

Pinot Noir

55

Who are the top producers of Central Otago?

Felton Road, Mt. Difficulty and Rippon

56

Where is Auckland?

North Island, NZ

57

What are the major grapes of Auckland?

Chard, Merlot, Syrah and Pinot Gris

58

What are the major natural features of Auckland?

Pacific Ocean and Waitakere Ranges

59

What are the wineries owned by Constellation NZ?

Nobilo, Monkey Bay and Kim Crawford

60

Where is Canterbury?

South Island, NZ

61

What are the sub regions of Canterbury?

Canterbury Plains and Waipara

62

Where is Canterbury Plains?

Canterbury, South Island, NZ

63

Where is Waipara?

Canterbury, South Island, NZ

64

What are the major grapes of Canterbury?

Sauv Blanc, Pinot Noir, Riesling, Pinot Gris and Chard

65

Where is Central Otago?

South Island, NZ

66

What are the sub regions of Central Otago?

Alexandra, Crowmwell Basin, Wanaka, Gibbston, Bannockburn and Bendigo

67

Where is Alexandra?

Central Otago, South Island, NZ

68

Where is Crowmwell Basin?

Central Otago, South Island, NZ

69

Where is Wanaka?

Central Otago, South Island, NZ

70

Where is Gibbston?

Central Otago, South Island, NZ

71

Where is Bannockburn?

Central Otago, South Island, NZ

72

Where is Bendigo?

Central Otago, South Island, NZ

73

What are the major grapes of Central Otago?

Pinot Noir, Pinot Gris, Riesling and Chard

74

Where is Gisborne?

North Island, NZ

75

What are the major grapes of Gisborne?

Chard, Pinot Gris, Gewurz, and Merlot

76

Where is Hawke's Bay?

North Island, NZ

77

What are the major grapes of Hawke's Bay?

Merlot, Cab Sauv, Cab Franc, Sauv Blanc, Chard, Pinot Gris, Pinot Noir, Syrah

78

Where is Marlborough?

South Island, NZ

79

What are the major grapes of Marlborough?

Sauv Blanc, Pinot Noir, Chard, Pinot Gris, Riesling

80

Who are the major producers from Marlborough?

Allan Scott, Coudy bay, Fromm, Hunter's, Saint Clair, Spy Valley

81

Where is Nelson?

South Island, NZ

82

What are the major grapes of Nelson?

Sauv Blanc, Pinot Noir, Pinot Gris and Chard

83

Where is Northland?

North Island, NZ

84

What are the sub regions of Northland?

Kerikeri, Kairaia and Whangarei

85

Where is Kerikeri?

Northland, North Island, NZ

86

Where is Kaitaia

Northland, North Island, NZ

87

Where is Whangarei?

Northland, North Island, NZ

88

What are the major grapes of Northland?

Chard, Pinot Gris, Syrah, Merlot, Cab Sauv, and Pinotage

89

Where is Waikato/Bay of Plenty?

North Island, NZ

90

What are the major grapes of Waikato/Bay of Plenty?

Chard, Sauv Blanc, Cab Sauv

91

Where is Wairarapa?

North Island, NZ

92

What are the major grapes of Wairarapa?

Pinot Noir, Sauv Blanc, and Pinot Gris

93

Where is Martinborough?

Wairarapa, North Island, NZ

94

What is the southernmost region on the North Island? What is the well-known sub-region?

Wairarapa-- Martinborough

95

What latitude is Central Otago at?

45th parallel

96

Who made Traditional Method Sparkling Wines reputable from Marlborough??

The same producers who made NZ SB a household name: Cloudy Bay, Kim Crawford, & Hunter's

97

What portion of NZ's wine is produced in Marlborough? Montana controls what portion of the vineyards there?

-Over half
-Nearly 2/3, through subsidiaries

98

What is required to use 'Gimblett Gravels' or 'Gimblett Gravels Winegrowing District' on a label?

It is a trademark of the Gimblett Gravels Winegrowers Association
The producer must:
-Be a member of the association
-Harvest grapes from a vineyard with 95% of the appellation's defined soil characteristics
-Source 95% of the grapes from within the appellation
Any producer using the 'Gimblett Gravels' logo is subject to audit

99

What region is the largest producer of red wine in NZ?

Hawke's Bay

100

What are the notable unofficial subregions of Hawke's Bay? What are they known for?

-Gimblett Gravels- Syrah & Bdx blends
-Ngatarawa- Merlot
-Esk Valley
-Dartoor Valley

101

What was NZ's first varietal wine?

Gisborne Chardonnay by Montana

102

What island had vines planted first?

North Island in 1819

103

Montana formed an alliance with which champagne house in 1988?

Deutz

104

When was Cloudy Bay established? By whom?

1985- David Hohnen of Cape Mentelle

105

What are the three subregions of Marlborough?

-Warau Valley (North)
-Southern Valley (Central)
-Awatare Valley (South)

106

What is the most exported brand in NZ?

Montana's Lindauer brand sparkling wines

107

Who s James Busby?

-A British Minister
-Involved in early viticultural efforts in NZ
-Planted a small vineyard of Franch and Spanish cuttings on his estate in Northland
-He wrote 3 documents on viticulture before penning NZ's seminal political docs

108

What is the fastest growing region in NZ? Why?

Cantebury- the success of the Waipara Valley subregion

109

What are the best known subregions of Central Otago?

-Wanaka
-Gibbston
-Alexandra
-Crownwell Basin