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Flashcards in Greece Deck (87):
1

Where is Boutari located?

Macedonia

2

What styles of wine are produced under the Malvasia Sitia and Malvasia Candia PDOs? How long must they be aged?

-Sweet white and vin doux naturel
-Min 2 years in oak

3

What district surrounds Athens and is the center of production for Retsina in Central Greece?

Attiki

4

Where is the village of Koutsi?

Nemea- is is the most famous village for Agiorgitiko.

5

What are the red and white grapes for the Slopes of Meliton PDO?

-Red: Cab Sauv, Cab Franc and Limnio
-White: Assyrtiko, Athiri and Rhoditis

6

On Samos, Muscat Blanc a Petits Grains produces what types of wines?

-Vin de liqueur
-Vin doux naturel
-Samos Nectar- a naturally sweet version, similar to vin de paille and aged for 3 years

7

What PDO of Thessalia produces whites only? From what grapes?

Anchialos PDO from Phoditis and Savvatiano

8

What is Retsina flavored with?

Aleppo pine resin

9

What are the 2 area PGIs of Thrace?

Avdira and Ismaros

10

Where is Domaine Porto Carras located?

Slopes of Meliton

11

What is Limnio?

A red grape that originated on the island of Lemnos. Its importance on the island has diminished. Domaine Porto Carras produces Limnio in the Slopes of Meliton.

12

What Island of Greece is the farthest East?

Rhodes- located closer to Turkey (Asia Minor)

13

What are the 4 PDOs of Peloponnese?

-Namea
-Mantinia
-Patras
-Monemvassia-Malvasia

14

Where is the Namea PDO? What styles of wine are produced and from what grapes?

-Peloponnese
-Dry and sweet
-Exclusively Agiorgitiko

15

What are the red only PDOs of Crete? What grapes are used?

Archanes- Mandilaria and Kotsifali
Dafnes- Liatiko

16

What two PDOs are located on the island of Rhodes? What color wines are produced and from what grapes?

-Rhones PDO
-Muscat of Rhodes PDO (rarely encountered)

Red- Mandilaria
White- Athiri

17

What are the red and white PDOs of Crete?

-Sitia
-Peza
-Candia

18

What is unique about the Liatiko grape?

-Found only on Crete and a handful of neighboring islands
-One of the most ancient varieties under cultivation
-Ripens in mid-July and delivers a distinctively 'orange' wine

19

What is Samos Nectar?

-Produced from Moscato Aspro (Muscat Blanc a Petits Grains)
-Similar to vin de paille; produced from dried grapes
-Aged for 3 years prior to release

20

Where is Santorini PDO located?

Santorini Island, part of the Cyclades Islands, North of Crete

21

What is the only PDO of Epirus?

Zitsa PDO

22

What are the 3 dessert wine PDOs of the Patras PDO?

-Muscat of Patras PDO
-Muscat of Rio Patras PDO
-Mavrodaphne of Patras PDO

23

What statement appears on all PDO wine featuring a designation of origin?

'PDO Wines of Greece'

24

Where is the Paros PDO located?

Paros Island, part of the Cyclades Islands, north of Crete

25

What quality levels are below PDO?

-PGI
-'Varietal' wines
-'Table' wines

26

What styles of wine are produced under the Paros PDO and from what grapes?

-Red- Mandilaria
-White- monemvassia
-Only Greek appellation that mandates a white grape (Monemvassia) in a red blend

27

What does 'Palaiomenos se Vareli' mean on a label? What wines may this be added to?

-It indicated oak aging beyond the required monimums
-Cava, Reserve, and Grand Reserve

28

Who is to progenitor of Mavropdaphne of Patras?

-Achaia-Claus Estate
-Has a Mavrodaphne solera dating to 1882

29

Where is Monemvassia-Malvasia located? What style of wine, from what grape? Aging?

-Peloponnese
-Must be 51% Monemvassia (AKA Malvasia)
-Sweet
-Must be aged in an oxidative environment for at least 2 years

30

What are the four wine producing islands of the Ionian Islands?

-Cephalonia
-Kerkyra (Corfo)
-Lefkada
-Zakynthos

31

What are the 2 most planted grapes in Central Greece (Sterea Ellada)?

-Savvatiano
-Roditis- the common name for a closely linked family of pink skinned grapes

32

What PDO includes four villages on the lower slopes of Mt. Olympus?

Rapsani PDO

33

What two PDOs are on the island of Lemnos? What styles and from what grapes?

-Lemnos PDO
-Muscat of Lemnos PDO
-Dry to sweet
-Muscat

34

Where is Vinsanto produced in Greece?

-Santorini Island
-it was probably named by the Venetians when they ruled the island in the Middle Ages
-A dried grape wine

35

What does 'Grand Reserve' indicate for a PDO wine?

-White: min 2 years (1 yr in barrel & 6 m in btl)
-Red: min 4 years (18 m in barrel & 18 m in btl)

36

Where is the Patras PDO? What styles of wines, from what grape?

-Peloponnese
-Dry whites
-100% Roditis

37

What does 'Reserve' indicate for a PDO wine?

-White: min 1 year (6 m in barrel & 3 m in btl)
-Red: min 2 years (1 yr in barrel & 6 m in bottle)

38

What are the PDOs of Crete?

-Archanes
-Dafnes
-Sitia
-Peza
-Candia
-Malvasia Candia
-Malvasia Sitia

39

The white wines of Santorini PDO are produced from what grapes?

Assyrtiko sometimes blended with Athiri and Aidani

40

What are the two broadly categorized island regions of Greece?

Aegean and Ionian islands

41

What are the 3 PDOs of Thessalia?

-Rapsani
-Messenikola
-Anchialos

42

Can 'Varietal' and 'Table' wines carry a variety and vintage on the label?

'Varietal' wines may.
'Table' wines may not

43

Where is the Mantinia PDO? What is the major grape?

-Peloponnese
-Moschofilero

44

What is the Greek synonym for St. George?

Agiorgitiko

45

Agiorgitiko performs differently throughout the wide range of elevation and terrain of Nemea. What is the most famous village for it?

Koutsi

46

Where is the Candia PDO? What grapes are used?

-Crete
-White: Vilana
-Red: Kotsifali and Mandilaria

47

What are the 6 main land regions of Greece?

-Macedonia (north)
-Epirus (NW)
-Peloponnese (S; a peninsula only by virtue of the isthmus of Corinth)
-Thessalia (central, just north of Sterea Ellada)
-Thrace (NE)
-Central Greece (Sterea Ellada)

48

What are the 2 levels of PDO?

-Controlled appellation of Origin (AOC/OPE)- reserved for sweet wines
-Appellation of Superior Quality (AOSQ/OPAP)

49

What is Crete's most cultivated white grape?

Vilana
-Many talented winemakers prefer Vidiano as it retains more acidity

50

What quality level is Retsina? Verdea?

Both are PGI and classified as Traditional Appellation Wines

51

What are the styles and grapes of Cephalonia PDO?

-Dry whites- Robola (unrelated to Ribolla)
-Sweet- Mavropaphne and Muscat

52

What is Verdea? Where is it located? What grapes?

-A Traditional Appellation of Zakynthos Island
-May share similarities with Jura's vin juane or sherry
-Grapes: Skiadopoulo, Pavlos, Avgoustiatis
-Often unknown to Greeks

53

What PDO received appellation status as early as 1934? (It is Greece's most famous wine)

Muscat of Samos

54

Where is Goumenissa PDO? What style of wines are produced and from what grapes?

-Macedonia
-Lighter reds from Xinomavro, must contain at least 20% Negoska

55

What styles of wine and from what grape are both Muscat of Patras PDO and Muscat of Rio Patras PDO?

-Both may either be vin doux naturel or naturally sweet
-Produced from Muscat Blanc a Petits Grains

56

How did Retsina develop its signature flavor?

Wine was transported in amphorae in ancient Greece. Often sealed with pine resin to prevent spoilage. Over time the resulting flavor became an acquired taste

57

What grape is Retsina generally produced from?

Savvatiano (white)

58

When was Greek wine law initially implemented? When were most of the country's appellations established?

Implemented- 1969/1970
Appellations- 1971

59

Where is the Sitia PDO located? What grapes are used?

-Crete
-White: Vilana
-Red: Liatiko

60

Can Retsina be labeled with a vintage?

No, because it is flavored (manipulated)

61

What 2 large producers dominate the Greek market?

Boutari and Tsantali

62

What is the only red PDO of Peloponnese?

Namea PDO

63

Where is the Peza PDO located? What grapes?

-Crete
-White: 100% Vilana
-Reds: Mandilaria and Kotsifali

64

What is unique about the vine training on Santorini?

-The vines are trained close to the ground in the shape of a 'stefani' (basket)
-In order to protect the grapes from fierce Aegean winds and to collect the little moisture in the form of Morning Dew.

65

What grapes are used for Mavrodaphne of Patras? Aging? Can it carry a vintage?

-Produced from Mavrodaphne and Mavri Korinthiaki (a currant grape, used for enriching the sugar content)
-Aging: 1 year in wood, some may remain in cask for a decade or more
-May be vintage or non-vintage
-Sweet, fortified red

66

What is the grape of Naussa PDO? Where is it located?

-Xinomavro
-Macedonia

67

What is 'Cava' in Greece?

-It indicated at least one year of aging, w/ 6 m in oak, for white and rose PGI wines
-Reds are min 3 years with 1 year in oak

68

What is the PDO for Domaine Carras? Where is it located?

Slopes of Meliton in Macedonia

69

What quality level integrated the wines from Greece's former 'vin de pays' category?

PGI

70

What two mainland regions of Greece do not have any PDOs?

Thrace and Central Greece

71

What is Greece's coolest wine region?

Amynteo PDO

72

What is the district PGI of Thrace?

Evros

73

What is the only PDO allowed to produce rose in Greece?

Amynteo

74

What are the 3 new PDOs of Crete that were added in 2012?

-Candia
-Malvasia Candia
-Malvasia Sitia

75

What wines from what grape are the wines of Zitsa PDO? Where is it located?

-Dry, semi-sweet, and sparkling wines
-Dedina grape
-Epirus

76

What is the southernmost outpost for Xinomavro? What 2 lighter grapes must it be blended with?

-Rapsani PDO
-Kirasota and Stavroto

77

Where is Amynteo PDO located? What grape and what style of wine?

-Macedonia
-Xinomavro (100%)
-Red and Rose
-Dry to semisweet, still or sparkling

78

Where is the Messenikola PDO? What color wines are produced?

-Thessalia
-Red- min 70% Mavro Messenikola, plus Carignan and Syrah

79

When did Phylloxera strike the Peloponnese? Crete?

Peloponnese- 1960s
Crete- 1970s

80

Who governs production on Samos?

Union of Vinicultural Cooperatives of Samos (EOSS)

81

What is the only PDO of the Ionian Islands?

Cephalonia PDO

82

What is the local synonym for Muscat Blanc a Petits Grains on Samos?

Moscato Aspro

83

What sobriquet is sometimes attached to the wines of Nemea?

'Blood of Hercules' (or 'Blood of the Lion')

84

What appellation in Greece is similar to vin de paille? What grape is it produced from?

Samos Nectar
-Moscato Aspro (Muscat Blanc a Petits Grains)

85

How long must Samos Nectar be aged?

3 years

86

What is the only Greek appellation that mandates a white grape in a red bled? What grape?

Paros PDO
Monemvassia

87

What ancient grape is cultivated mainly on Crete and some neighboring islands?

Liatiko