Flashcards in Greece Deck (87):
Where is Boutari located?
What styles of wine are produced under the Malvasia Sitia and Malvasia Candia PDOs? How long must they be aged?
-Sweet white and vin doux naturel
-Min 2 years in oak
What district surrounds Athens and is the center of production for Retsina in Central Greece?
Where is the village of Koutsi?
Nemea- is is the most famous village for Agiorgitiko.
What are the red and white grapes for the Slopes of Meliton PDO?
-Red: Cab Sauv, Cab Franc and Limnio
-White: Assyrtiko, Athiri and Rhoditis
On Samos, Muscat Blanc a Petits Grains produces what types of wines?
-Vin de liqueur
-Vin doux naturel
-Samos Nectar- a naturally sweet version, similar to vin de paille and aged for 3 years
What PDO of Thessalia produces whites only? From what grapes?
Anchialos PDO from Phoditis and Savvatiano
What is Retsina flavored with?
Aleppo pine resin
What are the 2 area PGIs of Thrace?
Avdira and Ismaros
Where is Domaine Porto Carras located?
Slopes of Meliton
What is Limnio?
A red grape that originated on the island of Lemnos. Its importance on the island has diminished. Domaine Porto Carras produces Limnio in the Slopes of Meliton.
What Island of Greece is the farthest East?
Rhodes- located closer to Turkey (Asia Minor)
What are the 4 PDOs of Peloponnese?
Where is the Namea PDO? What styles of wine are produced and from what grapes?
-Dry and sweet
What are the red only PDOs of Crete? What grapes are used?
Archanes- Mandilaria and Kotsifali
What two PDOs are located on the island of Rhodes? What color wines are produced and from what grapes?
-Muscat of Rhodes PDO (rarely encountered)
What are the red and white PDOs of Crete?
What is unique about the Liatiko grape?
-Found only on Crete and a handful of neighboring islands
-One of the most ancient varieties under cultivation
-Ripens in mid-July and delivers a distinctively 'orange' wine
What is Samos Nectar?
-Produced from Moscato Aspro (Muscat Blanc a Petits Grains)
-Similar to vin de paille; produced from dried grapes
-Aged for 3 years prior to release
Where is Santorini PDO located?
Santorini Island, part of the Cyclades Islands, North of Crete
What is the only PDO of Epirus?
What are the 3 dessert wine PDOs of the Patras PDO?
-Muscat of Patras PDO
-Muscat of Rio Patras PDO
-Mavrodaphne of Patras PDO
What statement appears on all PDO wine featuring a designation of origin?
'PDO Wines of Greece'
Where is the Paros PDO located?
Paros Island, part of the Cyclades Islands, north of Crete
What quality levels are below PDO?
What styles of wine are produced under the Paros PDO and from what grapes?
-Only Greek appellation that mandates a white grape (Monemvassia) in a red blend
What does 'Palaiomenos se Vareli' mean on a label? What wines may this be added to?
-It indicated oak aging beyond the required monimums
-Cava, Reserve, and Grand Reserve
Who is to progenitor of Mavropdaphne of Patras?
-Has a Mavrodaphne solera dating to 1882
Where is Monemvassia-Malvasia located? What style of wine, from what grape? Aging?
-Must be 51% Monemvassia (AKA Malvasia)
-Must be aged in an oxidative environment for at least 2 years
What are the four wine producing islands of the Ionian Islands?
What are the 2 most planted grapes in Central Greece (Sterea Ellada)?
-Roditis- the common name for a closely linked family of pink skinned grapes
What PDO includes four villages on the lower slopes of Mt. Olympus?
What two PDOs are on the island of Lemnos? What styles and from what grapes?
-Muscat of Lemnos PDO
-Dry to sweet
Where is Vinsanto produced in Greece?
-it was probably named by the Venetians when they ruled the island in the Middle Ages
-A dried grape wine
What does 'Grand Reserve' indicate for a PDO wine?
-White: min 2 years (1 yr in barrel & 6 m in btl)
-Red: min 4 years (18 m in barrel & 18 m in btl)
Where is the Patras PDO? What styles of wines, from what grape?
What does 'Reserve' indicate for a PDO wine?
-White: min 1 year (6 m in barrel & 3 m in btl)
-Red: min 2 years (1 yr in barrel & 6 m in bottle)
What are the PDOs of Crete?
The white wines of Santorini PDO are produced from what grapes?
Assyrtiko sometimes blended with Athiri and Aidani
What are the two broadly categorized island regions of Greece?
Aegean and Ionian islands
What are the 3 PDOs of Thessalia?
Can 'Varietal' and 'Table' wines carry a variety and vintage on the label?
'Varietal' wines may.
'Table' wines may not
Where is the Mantinia PDO? What is the major grape?
What is the Greek synonym for St. George?
Agiorgitiko performs differently throughout the wide range of elevation and terrain of Nemea. What is the most famous village for it?
Where is the Candia PDO? What grapes are used?
-Red: Kotsifali and Mandilaria
What are the 6 main land regions of Greece?
-Peloponnese (S; a peninsula only by virtue of the isthmus of Corinth)
-Thessalia (central, just north of Sterea Ellada)
-Central Greece (Sterea Ellada)
What are the 2 levels of PDO?
-Controlled appellation of Origin (AOC/OPE)- reserved for sweet wines
-Appellation of Superior Quality (AOSQ/OPAP)
What is Crete's most cultivated white grape?
-Many talented winemakers prefer Vidiano as it retains more acidity
What quality level is Retsina? Verdea?
Both are PGI and classified as Traditional Appellation Wines
What are the styles and grapes of Cephalonia PDO?
-Dry whites- Robola (unrelated to Ribolla)
-Sweet- Mavropaphne and Muscat
What is Verdea? Where is it located? What grapes?
-A Traditional Appellation of Zakynthos Island
-May share similarities with Jura's vin juane or sherry
-Grapes: Skiadopoulo, Pavlos, Avgoustiatis
-Often unknown to Greeks
What PDO received appellation status as early as 1934? (It is Greece's most famous wine)
Muscat of Samos
Where is Goumenissa PDO? What style of wines are produced and from what grapes?
-Lighter reds from Xinomavro, must contain at least 20% Negoska
What styles of wine and from what grape are both Muscat of Patras PDO and Muscat of Rio Patras PDO?
-Both may either be vin doux naturel or naturally sweet
-Produced from Muscat Blanc a Petits Grains
How did Retsina develop its signature flavor?
Wine was transported in amphorae in ancient Greece. Often sealed with pine resin to prevent spoilage. Over time the resulting flavor became an acquired taste
What grape is Retsina generally produced from?
When was Greek wine law initially implemented? When were most of the country's appellations established?
Where is the Sitia PDO located? What grapes are used?
Can Retsina be labeled with a vintage?
No, because it is flavored (manipulated)
What 2 large producers dominate the Greek market?
Boutari and Tsantali
What is the only red PDO of Peloponnese?
Where is the Peza PDO located? What grapes?
-White: 100% Vilana
-Reds: Mandilaria and Kotsifali
What is unique about the vine training on Santorini?
-The vines are trained close to the ground in the shape of a 'stefani' (basket)
-In order to protect the grapes from fierce Aegean winds and to collect the little moisture in the form of Morning Dew.
What grapes are used for Mavrodaphne of Patras? Aging? Can it carry a vintage?
-Produced from Mavrodaphne and Mavri Korinthiaki (a currant grape, used for enriching the sugar content)
-Aging: 1 year in wood, some may remain in cask for a decade or more
-May be vintage or non-vintage
-Sweet, fortified red
What is the grape of Naussa PDO? Where is it located?
What is 'Cava' in Greece?
-It indicated at least one year of aging, w/ 6 m in oak, for white and rose PGI wines
-Reds are min 3 years with 1 year in oak
What is the PDO for Domaine Carras? Where is it located?
Slopes of Meliton in Macedonia
What quality level integrated the wines from Greece's former 'vin de pays' category?
What two mainland regions of Greece do not have any PDOs?
Thrace and Central Greece
What is Greece's coolest wine region?
What is the district PGI of Thrace?
What is the only PDO allowed to produce rose in Greece?
What are the 3 new PDOs of Crete that were added in 2012?
What wines from what grape are the wines of Zitsa PDO? Where is it located?
-Dry, semi-sweet, and sparkling wines
What is the southernmost outpost for Xinomavro? What 2 lighter grapes must it be blended with?
-Kirasota and Stavroto
Where is Amynteo PDO located? What grape and what style of wine?
-Red and Rose
-Dry to semisweet, still or sparkling
Where is the Messenikola PDO? What color wines are produced?
-Red- min 70% Mavro Messenikola, plus Carignan and Syrah
When did Phylloxera strike the Peloponnese? Crete?
Who governs production on Samos?
Union of Vinicultural Cooperatives of Samos (EOSS)
What is the only PDO of the Ionian Islands?
What is the local synonym for Muscat Blanc a Petits Grains on Samos?
What sobriquet is sometimes attached to the wines of Nemea?
'Blood of Hercules' (or 'Blood of the Lion')
What appellation in Greece is similar to vin de paille? What grape is it produced from?
-Moscato Aspro (Muscat Blanc a Petits Grains)
How long must Samos Nectar be aged?
What is the only Greek appellation that mandates a white grape in a red bled? What grape?