Flashcards in Hungary and Switzerland Deck (60):
Who owns Oremus?
Who founded the Royal Tokaji Co?
Hugh Johnson with investors in 1990
When was Tokaji's classification final legal recognition?
The region of Tokaji is sheltered by what mountains?
What is Maslas?
Tokaji Aszu that has spent time on lees
What is Circle of Mad?
A small contingent of Tokaji producers committed to elevating the stature of dry wines from the region
What is Esszencia?
-A tiny fraction of syrupy, free-run juice is allowed to settle out of the Aszu must and is vinified separately
-Sometimes takes decades to reach 4-6% ABV
-Can have upwards of 800 g/l of RS
What container is used to collect Aszu grapes? How much does it hold?
~ 25 kg
What is Puttonyos?
'Puttonyos' is an adjective rather than the plural form
-The puttony of Azsu past is mixed with the gonc of must
-The number of puttony determines the sweetness
What is a gonc?
A Hungarian oak cask of ~136 L
Kekfrankos is a synonym for what grape?
What grapes are authorized for Tokaji production?
-Main: Furmint and Harslevelu
-Secondary: Sergamuskotaly, Zeta, Kabar, Koverszolo
What year does Aszu first appear in published work?
What do Edes and Szaras indicate?
-Found on Aszu Szamorodni labels
What is a forditas?
Wines that are the product of refermenting wine with the pressed paste of Tokaji Aszu
What are the 2 Great First Growths of Tokaji?
Mezes Maly (Tarcal)
What synonym for Muscat Blanc a Petits Grains is authorized for Tokaji?
What is the local synonym for the Oremus grape in Tokaji?
What are the 3 major geographic zones of production in Hungary?
-Great Plain (Southern)
What geographical zone is Tokaji located within?
What and where is Eger?
A PDO located in North Hungary famous for Egri Bikaver- 'the bull's blood of Eger'
What does 'Bikaver' indicate on a label? What are the only 2 regions allowed to use the term?
-A blend of at least 3 varieties, incorporating Kekfrankos, plus other Hungarian and international varieties
-Eger and Szekszard
What is Kekoporto?
The Hungarian synonym for Blauer Portugieser
What Hungarian regions runs contiguous with Austria's Burgenland?
What is 'Naturesszencia'?
A synonym for Esszencia
How many villages are classified for Tokaji?
27, including Tokaj, which is the further south
What words indicate late harvest on a bottle of Tokaji?
Kesoi Szuretelesu bor
What are the rivers of Tokaji?
Tisza and Bodrog
How long must Aszu 3/4/5/6 puttonyos be aged?
Min 3 years (including 2 in barrel)
What is Villany?
-Hungary's hottest regions, on the southern border
-Known for Bordeaux varieties, Kekfrankos and Kekoporto
What are the classifications of Azsu Tokaji sweetness?
-3 Puttonyos- min 60 g/l of RS
-4 Puttonyos- min 90 g/l of RS
-5 Puttonyos- min 120 g/l of RS
-6 Puttonyos- min 150 g/l of RS
-Aszuesszencia (7-9 Puttonyos)- min 180 g/l of RS
-Naturesszencia- min 450 g/l of RS (formerly 250 g/l of RS)
What is Olaszrizling?
A synonym for Welschriesling
What is Somlo?
A white wine dominated region of Hungary
(Furmint, Juhfark Olaszrizling)
What does Tokaji Szamorodni mean? What is it?
-'As it comes'
-A mizture of aszu and non-aszu grapes
-Min 2 years in cask
-Sometimes under a film-forming yeast similar to flor
-May be sweet or dry
What is the major grape of Sopron?
What is Hungary's largest region?
Kunsag (Great Plains)
-Mass white wine production with some reds
What are the 2 principal grapes of Tokaji?
Furmint and Harslevelu
What is the Italian speaking canton of Switzerland that borders Lombardy? What grape does it almost exclusively focus on?
Where is Armigne from in Switzerland?
What indigenous Swiss variety is more commonly encountered in the Valle d'Aosta?
What is Chasselas called in the Valais? What is it called in the Vaud?
Where is Dole produced? From what grapes?
-A blend of PN and Gamay
What is Vin des Glacier?
-A rare Valais, Switzerland specialty
-A maderized wine stored in high altitude soleras
-Produced from Reze
-One of Switzerland's oldest indigenous grapes
-Only a dew parcels remain planted today
What are the traditional AOCs of Vaud?
Is Muller Thurgau widely cultivated in Switzerland?
What grape is Vin des Glacier produced from?
What grape dominates the Vaud? What is it known as locally?
What are the 2 Grand Cru villages of Vaud?
Describe the premier cru designation of Vaud
-it is awarded to individual wines based on Chasselas, Gamay or PN
-Debuted in 2012
What portion of Switzerland's output does Valais produce?
What is the Rhine River's most northerly wine region?
What happened to the appellation system in Vaud in 2010?
-The appellation system was simplified
-Bracketing the former 26 village SOCs in to 6 regional AOCs:
--Cotes de l'Orbe
-Approved villages may be mentioned on the bottle
What are the four major French speaking wine cantons of Switzerland?
What is Salvagnin?
A traditional AOC of Vaud, Switzerland
-A blend of:
What is Sylvaner known as in Switzerland?
What canton of Switzerland contains the densest plantings?
What is the most cultivated white grape of Switzerland?
Where is Dorin located?
What varieties may be labeled Premier Cru from the Vaud in Switzerland?