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Flashcards in Hungary and Switzerland Deck (60):
1

Who owns Oremus?

Vega Sicilia

2

Who founded the Royal Tokaji Co?

Hugh Johnson with investors in 1990

3

When was Tokaji's classification final legal recognition?

1772

4

The region of Tokaji is sheltered by what mountains?

Carpathian Mountains

5

What is Maslas?

Tokaji Aszu that has spent time on lees

6

What is Circle of Mad?

A small contingent of Tokaji producers committed to elevating the stature of dry wines from the region

7

What is Esszencia?

-A tiny fraction of syrupy, free-run juice is allowed to settle out of the Aszu must and is vinified separately
-Sometimes takes decades to reach 4-6% ABV
-Can have upwards of 800 g/l of RS

8

What container is used to collect Aszu grapes? How much does it hold?

-Puttony
~ 25 kg

9

What is Puttonyos?

'Puttonyos' is an adjective rather than the plural form
-The puttony of Azsu past is mixed with the gonc of must
-The number of puttony determines the sweetness

10

What is a gonc?

A Hungarian oak cask of ~136 L

11

Kekfrankos is a synonym for what grape?

Blaufrankisch

12

What grapes are authorized for Tokaji production?

-Main: Furmint and Harslevelu
-Secondary: Sergamuskotaly, Zeta, Kabar, Koverszolo

13

What year does Aszu first appear in published work?

1571

14

What do Edes and Szaras indicate?

-Edes: Sweet
-Szaras: Dry

-Found on Aszu Szamorodni labels

15

What is a forditas?

Wines that are the product of refermenting wine with the pressed paste of Tokaji Aszu

16

What are the 2 Great First Growths of Tokaji?

Szarvas (Tokay)
Mezes Maly (Tarcal)

17

What synonym for Muscat Blanc a Petits Grains is authorized for Tokaji?

Sargamuskataly

18

What is the local synonym for the Oremus grape in Tokaji?

Zeta

19

What are the 3 major geographic zones of production in Hungary?

-North Hungary
-Transdanubia (Western)
-Great Plain (Southern)

20

What geographical zone is Tokaji located within?

North Hungary

21

What and where is Eger?

A PDO located in North Hungary famous for Egri Bikaver- 'the bull's blood of Eger'

22

What does 'Bikaver' indicate on a label? What are the only 2 regions allowed to use the term?

-A blend of at least 3 varieties, incorporating Kekfrankos, plus other Hungarian and international varieties
-Eger and Szekszard

23

What is Kekoporto?

The Hungarian synonym for Blauer Portugieser

24

What Hungarian regions runs contiguous with Austria's Burgenland?

Sopron

25

What is 'Naturesszencia'?

A synonym for Esszencia

26

How many villages are classified for Tokaji?

27, including Tokaj, which is the further south

27

What words indicate late harvest on a bottle of Tokaji?

Kesoi Szuretelesu bor

28

What are the rivers of Tokaji?

Tisza and Bodrog

29

How long must Aszu 3/4/5/6 puttonyos be aged?

Min 3 years (including 2 in barrel)

30

What is Villany?

-Hungary's hottest regions, on the southern border
-Known for Bordeaux varieties, Kekfrankos and Kekoporto

31

What are the classifications of Azsu Tokaji sweetness?

-3 Puttonyos- min 60 g/l of RS
-4 Puttonyos- min 90 g/l of RS
-5 Puttonyos- min 120 g/l of RS
-6 Puttonyos- min 150 g/l of RS
-Aszuesszencia (7-9 Puttonyos)- min 180 g/l of RS
-Naturesszencia- min 450 g/l of RS (formerly 250 g/l of RS)

32

What is Olaszrizling?

A synonym for Welschriesling

33

What is Somlo?

A white wine dominated region of Hungary
(Furmint, Juhfark Olaszrizling)

34

What does Tokaji Szamorodni mean? What is it?

-'As it comes'
-A mizture of aszu and non-aszu grapes
-Often oxidized
-Min 2 years in cask
-Sometimes under a film-forming yeast similar to flor
-May be sweet or dry

-Edes (sweet)
-Szaras (dry)

35

What is the major grape of Sopron?

Kekfrankos

36

What is Hungary's largest region?

Kunsag (Great Plains)
-Mass white wine production with some reds

37

What are the 2 principal grapes of Tokaji?

Furmint and Harslevelu

38

What is the Italian speaking canton of Switzerland that borders Lombardy? What grape does it almost exclusively focus on?

-Ticino
-Merlot

39

Where is Armigne from in Switzerland?

Vetroz

40

What indigenous Swiss variety is more commonly encountered in the Valle d'Aosta?

Petite Arvine

41

What is Chasselas called in the Valais? What is it called in the Vaud?

-Fendant
-Dorin

42

Where is Dole produced? From what grapes?

-Valais (Switzerland)
-A blend of PN and Gamay

43

What is Vin des Glacier?

-A rare Valais, Switzerland specialty
-A maderized wine stored in high altitude soleras
-Produced from Reze
-One of Switzerland's oldest indigenous grapes
-Only a dew parcels remain planted today

44

What are the traditional AOCs of Vaud?

-Dorin
-Salvagnin

45

Is Muller Thurgau widely cultivated in Switzerland?

Yes

46

What grape is Vin des Glacier produced from?

Reze

47

What grape dominates the Vaud? What is it known as locally?

-Chasselas
-Dorin

48

What are the 2 Grand Cru villages of Vaud?

-Dezalay
-Calamin

49

Describe the premier cru designation of Vaud

-it is awarded to individual wines based on Chasselas, Gamay or PN
-Debuted in 2012

50

What portion of Switzerland's output does Valais produce?

Over 40%

51

What is the Rhine River's most northerly wine region?

Valais, Switzerland

52

What happened to the appellation system in Vaud in 2010?

-The appellation system was simplified
-Bracketing the former 26 village SOCs in to 6 regional AOCs:
--Chablais
--La Cote
--Vully
--Bonvillars
--Lavaux
--Cotes de l'Orbe
-Approved villages may be mentioned on the bottle

53

What are the four major French speaking wine cantons of Switzerland?

-Valaid
-Vaud
-Geneva
-Nauchatel

54

What is Salvagnin?

A traditional AOC of Vaud, Switzerland
-A blend of:
--Gamay
--PN
--Gamaret (crossing)
--Garanoir (crossing)

55

What is Sylvaner known as in Switzerland?

Johannisberg

56

What canton of Switzerland contains the densest plantings?

Geneva

57

What is the most cultivated white grape of Switzerland?

Chasselas

58

Where is Dorin located?

Vaud, Switzerland

59

What varieties may be labeled Premier Cru from the Vaud in Switzerland?

Gamay
PN
Chasselas

60

Where is Salvagnin located?

Vaud, Switzerland