Joints: Structural / Functional Characteristics Flashcards Preview

Anatomy 111 > Joints: Structural / Functional Characteristics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Joints: Structural / Functional Characteristics Deck (33):
1

Skull
(Cranial + facial bones)

S: Fibrous, Suture
F: Synarthrotic

2

Temporo-mandibular
(Temporal bone + mandible)

S: Synovial, modified hinge (w/disc)
F: Diarthrotic; gliding and uniaxial rotation; *protraction / retraction of mandible

3

Atlanto-occipital
(Occipital bone + atlas)

S: Synovial; condyloid
F: Diarthrotic; biaxial

4

Atlantoaxial

S: Synovial; pivot
F: Diarthrotic; uniaxial; rotation

5

Intervertebral
(Between vertebral bodies)

S: Cartilaginous; symphysis
F: Amphiarthrotic

6

Intervertebral
(Between articular processes)

S: Synovial; plane
F: Diarthrotic; gliding

7

Vertebrocostal
(Vertebrae + ribs)

S: Synovial; plane
F: Diarthrotic; gliding of ribs

8

Sternoclavicular
(Sternum + clavicle)

S: Synovial; shallow saddle (w/disc)
F: Diarthrotic; multiaxial

9

Sternocostal
(Sternum + rib 1)

S: Cartilaginous; synchondrosis
F: Synarthrotic

10

Sternocostal
(Sternum + ribs 2-7)

S: Synovial; double plane
F: Diarthrotic; gliding

11

Acromio-clavicular
(Acromion + clavicle)

S: Synovial; plane (w/disc)
F: Diarthrotic; gliding and rotation of scapula on clavicle

12

Shoulder = glenohumeral
(Scapula + humerus)

S: Synovial; ball and socket
F: Diarthrotic; multiaxial movement of humerus

13

Elbow
(Humerus + ulna, radius)

S: Synovial; hinge
F: Diarthrotic; uniaxial; flexion and extension of forearm

14

Radioulnar proximal
(Radius + ulna)

S: Synovial; pivot
F: Diarthrotic; uniaxial; rotation; *pronation / supination

15

Radioulnar distal
(Radius + ulna)

S: Synovial; pivot (w/disc)
F: Diarthrotic; uniaxial; rotation

16

Wrist = radiocarpal
(Radius + proximal carpals)

S: Synovial; condyloid
F: Diarthrotic; biaxial

17

Intercarpal
(Adjacent carpals)

S: Synovial; plane
F: Diarthrotic; nonaxial gliding

18

Carpometacarpal of digit 1, thumb
(Carpal + metacarpal 1)

S: Synovial; saddle
F: Diarthrotic; biaxial

19

Carpometacarpal of digits 2-5
(Carpals + metacarpals)

S: Synovial; plane
F: Diarthrotic; nonaxial gliding

20

Knuckle = Metacarpophalangeal
(Metacarpal + proximal phalanx)

S: Synovial; condyloid
F: Diarthrotic; biaxial

21

Finger = Interphalangeal
(Adjacent phalanges)

S: Synovial; hinge
F:Diarthrotic; uniaxial; flexion, extension of fingers

22

Sacroiliac
(Sacrum + coxal bone)

S: Synovial; plane in childhood, increasingly fibrous in growth as adult
F: Diarthrotic in child, amphiarthrotic in adult
*more flexible during pregnancy

23

Pubic symphysis
(Pubic bones)

S: Cartilaginous; symphysis
F: Amphiarthrotic
*more flexible during pregnancy

24

Hip = Coxal
(Hip bone + femur)

S: Synovial; ball and socket
F: Diarthrotic; multiaxial

25

Knee = Tibiofemoral
(Femur + tibia)

S: Synovial; modified hinge (w/disc)
F: Diarthrotic; biaxial; flexion, extension of leg, limited rotation

26

Knee = Femoropatellar
(Femur + patella)

S: Synovial; plane
F: Diarthrotic; nonaxial gliding of patella

27

Tibiofibular proximal
(Tibia + fibula)

S: Synovial; plane
F: Diarthrotic; gliding of fibula

28

Tibiofibular distal
(Tibia + fibula)

S: Fibrous; syndesmosis
F: Synarthrotic; slight give during dorsiflexion

29

Ankle
(Tibia, fibula + talus)

S: Synovial; hinge
F: Diarthrotic; uniaxial; *dorsiflexion and plantar flexion of foot

30

Intertarsal
(Adjacent tarsals)

S: Synovial; plane
F: Diarthrotic; nonaxial gliding; *inversion and eversion of foot

31

Tarsometatarsal
(Tarsals + metatarsals)

S: Synovial; plane
F: Diarthrotic; nonaxial gliding of metatarsals

32

Metatarsophalangeal
(Metatarsal + proximal phalanx)

S: Synovial; condyloid
F: Diarthrotic; biaxial

33

Toe = Interphalangeal
(Adjacent phalanges)

S: Synovial; hinge
F: Diarthrotic; uniaxial; flexion extension of toes