Quiz: Joints, Chapter 8 Flashcards Preview

Anatomy 111 > Quiz: Joints, Chapter 8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Quiz: Joints, Chapter 8 Deck (46):
1

An epiphyseal line is an example of...

Synchondrosis

2

Dense fibrous connective tissue is to sutures as a periodontal ligament is to...

Gomphoses

3

Syndesmosis is to ligament as symphysis is to...

Fibrous cartilage

4

Type of hyaline cartilage not covered by perichondrium...

Articular

5

The intervertebral disc joint is classified structurally as...

Symphysis

6

Joints can be classified structurally as...

Fibrous, cartilaginous, synovial

7

An immovable joint is a(n)...

Synarthrosis

8

A freely moveable joint is a(n)...

Diarthrosis

9

A slightly immovable joint is a(n)...

Amphiarthrosis

10

A ligamentous connection such as an antebrachial interosseous membrane is an example of...

Syndesmoses

11

A fibrous joint that is essentially peg-in-socket...

Gomphosis

12

Examples of (structurally) fibrous joints...

Sutures (skull), syndesmoses (distal arm and leg bones), gomphoses (teeth)

13

Examples of (structurally) cartilaginous joints...

Synchondroses (epiphyseal plates), symphyses (intervertebral disc joints)

14

An example of an interosseous fibrous joint...

Syndesmosis between radius and ulna (arms) or tibia and fibula (legs)

15

In symphysis joints the articular surfaces of the bones are covered with...

Hyaline cartilage

16

Types of movement of plane joints...

Nonaxial movement; gliding

17

Types of movement of hinge joints...

Uniaxial movement; flexion, extension

18

Types of movement of pivot joints...

Uniaxial movement; rotation

19

Types of movement of condyloid joints...

Biaxial movement; all angular motions to slight degree

20

Types of movement of saddle joints...

Biaxial movement; all angular motions to greater degree

21

Types of movement of ball-and-socket joints...

Multi-axial movement; all angular motions and rotation

22

Flexion of the ankle so that the superior aspect of the foot approaches the shin is called...

Dorsiflexion

23

Connective tissue sacs lined with synovial membranes that act as cushions in places where friction develops are called...

Bursa(e)

24

The ligaments that protect the alignment of the femoral and tibial condyles and limit the movement of the femur anteriorly and posteriorly are called...

Cruciate ligaments

25

Components of synovial fluid...

Hyaluronic acid, lubricin, proteinases and collagenases

26

Semilunar cartilage pads...

Menisci

27

Moving a limb away from the median plane of the body along the frontal plane is called...

Abduction

28

The type of synovial joint the hip joint is...

Multiaxial synovial joint (Ball-and-socket)

29

Compared to the shoulder, displacements of the hip joints are...

Rare, on account of the ligament reinforcement

30

Ligament of the knee that initiates the knee-jerk reflex when tapped...

Patellar ligament

31

Football players often sustain lateral blows to the extended knee. For ligaments, such a blow would damage...

Medial collateral, medial meniscus, anterior cruciate

32

Pointing the toes is an example of...

Plantar flexion

33

The ligament that surrounds the head of the radius...

Anular ligament

34

Moving a limb so that it describes a cone in space is called...

Circumduction

35

The cruciate ligaments of the knee...

Prevent hyperextension of the knee

36

Tendon sheaths are...

Friction-reducing structures

37

Turning palms up so that the radius and ulna would be parallel is an example of...

Supination

38

Turning the arms so that the radius would rotate of the ulna is an example of...

Pronation

39

Turning the sole of the foot in is...; Turning the sole of the foot out is...

Inversion; Eversion

40

Jutting the mandible and jaw out is...; Pulling the mandible and jaw in is...

Protraction; Retraction

41

Movement towards the midline is called...

Adduction

42

Inflammation of bursae caused by friction or trauma...

Bursitis

43

Inflammation of tendon sheaths caused by overuse...

Tendonitis

44

Widespread, crippling disease characterized by pain, stiffness and the swelling of a joint...

Arthritis

45

Ligamentous attachment to the immovable bone...

Origin

46

Ligamentous attachment to the movable bone...

Insertion