Quiz: Tissues, Chapter 4 Flashcards Preview

Anatomy 111 > Quiz: Tissues, Chapter 4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Quiz: Tissues, Chapter 4 Deck (30):
1

What tissue type arises from all three embryonic germ layers?

Epithelial tissue

2

Inability to absorb digested nutrients and secrete mucus might indicate a disorder in which epithelial tissue?

Simple columnar

3

Glands, such as the thyroid, that secrete their products directly into the blood rather than through ducts are classified as...

Endocrine

4

Endothelium is...

An epithelia providing slick surface lining in all hollow cardiovascular organs

5

This epithelium appears to have two or three layers of cells, but the cells are in contact with the basement membrane...

Pseudostratified columnar

6

A many-layered epithelium with cuboidal basal cells and flat cells at its surface would be classified as...

Stratified squamous

7

Merocrine glands...

Are a classification of exocrine glands whose products are secreted by exocytosis (e.g. sweat and salivary)

8

Holocrine glands...

Are a classification of exocrine glands whose products are secreted by cell rupture and death (e.g. sebaceous)

9

Arteries, veins, and lymphatics keep clots from sticking as long as their ________ is intact and healthy.

Endothelium

10

Which cells are commonly found wedged between simple columnar epithelial cells?

Goblet cells

11

The fiber type that gives connective tissue great tensile strength is...

Collagen fibers

12

What tissue has lacunae, calcium salts, and blood vessels?

Osseous tissue

13

How is hyaline cartilage different from elastic or fibrocartilage?

Fibers are not normally visible

14

The blast cell for blood production is...

Hemocytoblast

15

Connective tissue matrix is composed of...

Fibers and ground substance

16

Only cell type found in cartilage...

Chondrocytes, which secrete cartiliginous matrix

17

Edema occurs when...

Areolar tissue soaks up excess fluid in an inflamed area

18

"Blast" cells are...

Undifferentiated, actively dividing cells

19

Mesenchymal cells are most commonly found in...

Embryonic connective tissue

20

Heart muscle cells would tend to separate without...

Intercalated discs

21

Membrane that lines external surfaces and helps body to communicate...

Mucous membranes

22

Function and Location:
Areolar Connective

Serves as soft packing around organs capable of inflation in case of injury: found in outer layers of skin and muscle, mucus membranes and organs

23

Function and Location:
Adipose Connectice

Insulation, storage of nutrients and energy; found in breasts, abdomen, subcutaneous tissue, around heart, kidneys and joints

24

Function and Location:
Reticular Connective

Delicate scaffolding that supports reticular and free blood cells; found around kidney, spleen, lymph nodes and in bone marrow

25

Function and Location:
Regular Dense

Retains great tensile stress, holding together bone and muscle to passively assist with movement; found in tendons and ligaments

26

Function and Location:
Irregular Dense

Withstands tensile strength, passively allowing for movement of the tubular organs, dermis of skin and glandular tissues it makes up

27

Function and Location:
Elastic Dense

Flexible tissue allows for stretch and contraction of organs without harm; found in lungs, trachea, bronchial tubes and thyroid ligaments

28

Function and Location:
Hyaline Cartilage

Provides smooth surfaces, allowing tissues to slide over each other easily and flexibly; found in joints, respiratory tract and embryonic skeleton

29

Function and Location:
Elastic Cartilage

Provides flexibility for specialized function; found in pinna of ear and epiglottis

30

Function and Location:
Fibrocartilage

Cartilage most like dense connective, structured to withstand significant tensile stress with some limited movement with added flexibility; found esp. in intervertebral discs of shoulder blades