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Year 10 RS - Religion and Society > Keywords > Flashcards

Flashcards in Keywords Deck (48)
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1

Bible

The holy book of Christians

2

Decalogue

The ten commandments

3

The Church

The community of Christians ( with a small c it means Christian place of worship)

4

Conscience

An inner feeling of the rightness and wrongness of an action

5

Situation ethics

The idea that Christians should base moral decisions on what is the most loving thing to do

6

Human rights

The rights and freedoms of which everyone is entitled

7

Democratic processes

The ways in which all citizens can take part in the government

8

Electoral processes

The ways in which voting is organised

9

Political part

A group which tries to be elected into power on it policies

10

Pressure group

A group formed to influence government policy on a particular issue

11

Golden rule

The teaching of Jesus that you should treat others as you would like them to treat you

12

Social change

The way in which society has changed and is changing (and also the possibilities for future change)

13

Global warming

The increase in the temperature of the earths atmosphere (thought to be caused by the greenhouse effect)

14

Natural resources

Naturally occurring materials, such as oil and fertile land, which can be used by humans

15

Conservation

Protecting and preserving natural resources and the environment

16

Creation

The act of creating the universe, or the universe which has been created

17

Environment

The surroundings in which plants and animals live and on which they depend to live

18

Stewardship

Looking after something so it can be passed onto the next generation

19

Artificial insemination

Injecting semen into the uterus by artificial means

20

Embryo

A fertilised egg in the first eight weeks after conception

21

Infertility

Not being able to have children

22

IVF

The method of fertilising a human egg in a test tube

23

Surrogacy

An arrangement whereby a woman bears a child on behalf of another woman or where an egg is fertilised by the man through IVF and then implanted into the woman's uterus

24

Organ donation

Giving organs to be used in transplant surgery

25

Conflict resolution

Bringing a fight or struggle to a peaceful conclusion

26

The united nations

An international body set up to promote world peace and co-operation

27

World peace

The ending of war throughout he whole world (basic aim of he UN)

28

Just War

A war that is fought or the right reasons in a right way

29

Pacifism

The belief that all disputes should be settled by peaceful means

30

Weapons of mas destruction

Weapons which can destroy large areas and numbers of people

31

Bullying

Intimidating /frightening people weaker than yourself

32

Respect

Treating a person or their feelings with consideration

33

Forgiveness

Stopping blaming someone or pardoning them for what they have done wrong

34

Reconciliation

Bringing together people who were once opposed to each other

35

Aggression

Attacking without being provoked

36

Exploitation

Taking advantage of a weaker group

37

Crime

An act against the law

38

Judgement

The act of judging people and their actions

39

Justice

Due allocation of reward and punishment/the maintenance of what is right

40

Law

Rules made by parliament and enforceable by the courts

41

Capital punishment

The death penalty for a crime or offence

42

Deterrence

The idea that punishments should be of such a nature that they will put people off (deter) committing crime

43

Rehabilitation

Restore to normal life

44

Reform

The idea that punishments should try to change criminals so they will not colony crimes again

45

Retribution

The idea that punishments should make criminals pay for what they have done wrong

46

Sin

An act against the will of God

47

Addiction

A recurring compulsion to engage in an activity regardless of its bad effects

48

Responsibility

Being responsible for one's actions