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Flashcards in Kin: Introduction Deck (29):
1

Define Imagination

Application of knowledge. Good to form hypothesis and progress.

2

Define Knowledge

Understanding fundamental principles, gives a basis for imagination

3

What is Creativity?

Connecting different things through imagination and knowledge.

4

What are the Common characteristics of research? (5)

Systematic, logical, empirical, reductive, replicable

5

Systematic

problems, methods, data, analysis, interpretation, conclsion

6

Logical

others can evaluate conclusions drawn

7

Empirical

conclusions based on data

8

Reductive

Data is used to establish more general relationships

9

Replicable

Research process is recorded and others can repeat or build on it

10

What are the 4 philosophical worldviews?

Postpositivism, Constructivism, Tranformative, Pragmatism

11

What is postpositivism?

Based on the notion of a single reality and objective truth. Research is unbiased and objective. Associated with scientific model and quantitative research.

12

What is constructivism?

Based on the notion of multiple realities and meanings. Focus on the complexity of views. Researchers recognize that their backgrounds shape their results. Very Qualitative.

13

What is transformative?

Based on the notion that research should be intertwined with politics and a political agenda. Focus on action and reform for the subjects in the study. Qualitative data.

14

What is pragmatism?

Based on research concerned with 'what works'. Finding solutions to problems. No commitment to a single notion of reality. Use whatever method works best for the situation. Mixed methods.

15

Quantitative Research

For theory testing, describing status on variables, and looking at relations among variable. More people and harder.

16

What are 4 forms of quantitative research?

Measurements, statistics, protection against bias, and structure (SM)

17

Scientific Method

1. Problem (variabled)
2. Hypothesis (anticipated outcome)
3. Gather Data (internal and external validity)
4. Analyze and Interpret Results

18

What is internal validity vs. external validity?

Internal: Standardized
External: generalability of results

19

What are the 3 forms of research questions in quantitative research?

1. Compare groups
2. Relate variables
3. Describe response/ status on variable

20

What do statistics inform us about? (2)

reliability and meaningfulness

21

What is the Central Tendency?

A single score that best represents all scores for a group of individuals

22

How do you calculate mean?

Average

23

How do you calculate median?

Middle when arranged in order

24

How do you calculate mode?

Most common number in sequence

25

How do you calculate variance?

(number ins sequence -average)^2 + (...)^2 / # of #'s - 1

26

How do you calculate standard deviation?

The square root of variance

27

What is qualitative research?

Research for meaning-making process, must recognize bias, flexibility in how it is represented (constructivism and transformative) less people but easier

28

What are 4 types of qualitative data?

documents, audiovisual material, observations, interviews

29

What are 3 things that are important for a one on one interview?

Open-ended, clear, include follow-up